Amahhashi ase-Ardennes, angenye yezinhlobo zakudala ezisalungiswa

Amahhashi ase-Ardenes

Kuleli sonto sizohlangana enye yezinhlobo ezindala kakhulu zamahhashi asalungiswa lokho okukhona: ama-ardenes amahhashi. Kunjalo Kukhuliswe e-Ardennes, eBelgium, eLuxembourg naseFrance. Kepha umlando wayo ubuyela emuva isikhathi eside, uye eRoma lasendulo.

Bangama-equines esetshenziselwa ikakhulu imisebenzi yezolimo noma leyo lapho kudingeka khona ukuhambisa noma ukuhambisa izinto ezisindayo, kanye nokukhiqizwa kwenyama, imicimbi yokuncintisana nokuwela ezinye izinhlobo.

Ake sikhulume kancane ngabo.

Eyaziwa nangokuthi i-Ardennes Draft Horse, banazo imvelaphi eminyakeni engama-50.000 XNUMX edlule, ukuba yinzalo eqondile yama-equine amelwe emidwebeni yomhume. Futhi bangabakwa- okhokho bezinhlobo eziningi kakhulu zamahhashi.

Izinhlaka zamahhashi ezisalungiswa zazisetshenziswa kakhulu ezikhathini zasendulo njengamandla okushayela. Izinhlobo zamanje, njengoba sibazi, zivela cishe ngekhulu le-XNUMX. Bakhethwa futhi bawela ngaphansi kwezidingo zamasosha, ezolimo nezimboni, ukwenza imisebenzi ethile ephathelene nemithwalo, noma ngabe yayihambisa imishini noma ihambisa izimpahla ezisindayo.

Ngokuqondile, uhlobo okukhulunywa ngalo luguquke kuyo yonke iminyaka yalo yomlando, lwaba amahhashi anamandla amakhulu, azimisele kakhulu futhi agcwele impilo.

Okwamanje baphezulu ohlwini lwamahhashi aseFrance asalungiswa, ngemuva kwamaPercheron, amaBreton kanye neComtois.

Njengoba zinjalo?

I-typology ngaphakathi kwamahhashi okusalungiswa ihlukaniswe phakathi amahhashi asindayo asindayo namahhashi ohlobo olulula. Esokuqala, esinobude obuphakathi kuka-170 cm no-180 cm nesisindo esisuka ku-600 kuye ngaphezulu kwe-1000 kg, sasetshenziselwa ukuhambisa imishini nezinto ezisindayo. Eyokugcina, enesisindo esilula, yayihloselwe ukuhamba ngejubane eliphakeme (ngaphezulu kunokuhamba) futhi ihlotshaniswa nezinqola ezilula. Lezi zokugcina zisetshenziswa futhi emincintiswaneni yokushayelwa.

Ama-Ardenes aphakathi kokukhanya nokusindayo. Ngesisindo phakathi kuka 700 no 1000 kg nokuphakama phakathi kuka-152 cm no-163 cm, Akuwona amakhulu kunawo wonke phakathi kwamahhashi abuthelwayo, futhi awekho amancane kunawo wonke, futhi, njengoba aphakathi kwezinhlobo ezisindayo nezilula, uhlobo lohlobo oluthile lokudwetshwa.

ikhanda ngomlilo Imayelana nama-equines ukumelana kakhulu okungasinda ngaphansi kwezimo zezulu ezimbi ngokudla okuncane. Zibanzi, zinemisipha futhi zihlangene, nge imilenze emifushane, eminyene. Konke lokhu kubenza babe amahhashi anamandla amakhulu. Ngaphandle kokuba nawo wonke la mandla namandla, zinobuntu ukuthambisa futhi kulula ukuyisebenzisa, futhi banethrothi elinempilo.

Banayo eyodwa ikhanda elibanzi nge amehlo azwakalayo nezindlebe ezicijile, elincike entanyeni ebanzi. Ama-manes abo anezinwele eziningi futhi ezinde ezithweni.

Ngokuqondene noboya babo, bangabonisa izingqimba ezinemibala ehlukene: i-roan, i-thrush, i-chestnut noma i-chestnut, kwesinye isikhathi nabanye izinwele ezimhlophe ezindaweni ezithile, njengekhanda noma imilenze. Umbala ongavunyelwe kulolu hlobo ungumbala omnyama.

Njengawo wonke amahhashi asalungiswa, kuya ngomsebenzi abawenzayo, badinga ukudla okuthile nokunakekelwa ukuze balondoloze impilo yabo kanye nesimo sabo esihle.

Umlando omncane wenu

Njengoba besilindele ekuqaleni kwendatshana, sibhekene nohlobo lwamahhashi oludala ngempela. Kunemininingwane ethile ekhombisa lokhu, njengokuthi bebevele bekhona eshiwo ngumbusi waseRoma uJulius Caesar endabeni yakhe yokunqotshwa kwamaGaul, lapho akhuluma khona ngokumelana okukhulu kwalezi zingwe.

Kuhlala esifundeni saseFrance neBelgian se-Ardennes, lapho igama layo livela khona, cishe iminyaka eyi-2000. Sithola nezinduna eSweden, umphumela wokuwela ngamahhashi usuka enyakatho yezwe.

I-Ardenner

Umthombo: wikipedia

Ukuhluka kweBelgian kwehhashi lase-Ardennes kwavela ezintabeni uqobo.

Kuwo wonke umlando walolu hlobo luhlanganiswe namanye amagazi ase-Ardennes. Futhi, njengama-equine amaningi esifundeni, kungenzeka ukuthi kube negazi lama-Arabhu ngenxa yokuhlasela kwamaSulumane eYurophu. Kamuva, ngekhulu le-XNUMX, ukuze kukhanye uhlobo futhi kuthuthukise ukumelana kwayo, kuyaziwa ukuthi yayihlanganiswe namahhashi ase-Arabia.

Kukholakala ukuthi umjaho okhona njengamanje, wehla ku amahhashi empi esetshenziswa eNkathini Ephakathi.

Okucacayo ngukuthi bebekhona ngokufunwa okukhulu komsebenzi wempi, kakhulu okwamahhashi agibele amahhashi futhi njengamahhashi okusalungiswa ukudonsa izakhi zezikhali. Ukunikeza izibonelo ezimbalwa lapho zisetshenziswe khona sinokuhlasela kweRussia ngamasosha kaNapoleon noma eMpini Yezwe Yokuqala.

Ekupheleni kwe- Ikhulu le-XNUMX leminyaka, iziphambano neLe Brabant kuholele ekulinganisweni okunamandla amakhulu nangaphezulu, ifanele kakhulu umsebenzi wezolimo nowamahlathi.

ILe Brabant yihhashi laseBelgian elisalungiswa, elibonakaliswa ubuhlakani balo nosayizi omkhulu kanye nemisipha. Abesilisa bangaba ngu-170 cm ubude kanti abesifazane bangama-166 cm. Banokubukeka okunamandla kwamahhashi okusalungiswa kanye nohlamvu lwabo oluthambile nolumnene. Zonke lezi zici zadluliselwa ehhashini elibhalisiwe lase-Ardennes kodwa, Ngenxa yalokho, uhlobo lwamanje lwamahhashi ase-Arden lufana ncamashi neBrabant.

Ihhashi Elisalungiswa LaseBelgium Lawa ma-equine ayekhona alethwe e-United States ngekhulu lama-XNUMX, okokuqala ukurekhodwa kwakungo-1920.

Njengamanje ikhuliswe ezintabeni zaseFrance naseBelgian, yize itholakala ezifundeni ezahlukahlukene zaseSweden. Baxutshwe nezinhlanga zaseYurophu nezase-Asia igazi elibandayo, ukwenza ngcono izici zalezi zinhlobo, ukwandisa ubukhulu bayo namandla.

Namuhla isasetshenziswa ngezikhathi ezithile, ukwenza umsebenzi emapulazini amancane, izivini kanye namahlathi. Iphinde ikhuliswe ikakhulukazi emakethe yenyama.

Inani lezinhlobo zalolu hlobo aliningi njengakudala, kepha Kuseyindidi edumile ngenxa yemincintiswano nemibukiso ebanjelwa eNyakatho Yurophu.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.