AmaSkitiya nokuzalanisa amahhashi

Ovid phakathi kwamaSkithe

AmaScythians kwakuyimizulane yase-Iranian eyayihamba emathafeni ase-Eurasia phakathi nekhulu le-XNUMX BC kanye nekhulu lesine leminyaka AD. Babhekwa omunye wabantu bokuqala ukuqonda ukulwa kwamahhashi, kodwa hhayi lokho kuphela.

Ucwaningo olushicilelwe cishe eminyakeni emibili edlule ngu Isayensi, ukuvezile lokho Abazulazuli baseScythian be-Iron Age base bevele bezikhethela ukuzalanisa amahhashi ngokukhetha. 

Ingabe sihlola umlando amaSkithe awabelana ngawo namahhashi?

AmaSkithe awazange akhulelwe impilo noma ukufa ngaphandle kwamahhashi. Babevame ukuhlobisa imisila yezilwane zabo ngokuziluka ukuze zibukeke zifana nohlobo lwenqwaba yezinyoka.

Abelusi baseScythian bazulazula emaqeleni ase-Asia Ephakathi phakathi kwekhulu lesi-XNUMX nele-XNUMX BC. Babehlala ezinqoleni ezimbozwe amatende. LamaSkithe benza ukufuya kwamahhashi ukufeza isilwane esivumelana nendlela yabo yokuphila nezimfuno zabo.

Ukukhuliswa kwamahhashi kwamaSkithe

Abaphenyi wafunda izinsalela zamahhashi emathuneni okwangempela kwamaSkithe, ayesesimweni esifanelekile sokongiwa kwemvelo. Isibalo sezinhlobo ezitholakale emathuneni sikhulu, kwesinye sazo kutholakale izinsalela ezingaphezu kwama-200 zamahhashi ahlukene.

Ngokwemibhalo kaHerodotus, emasikweni okungcwaba amaScythian, kwakwenziwa imihlatshelo ngamahhashi anikelwa yizizwe ezihlangene. Lokhu kuchaza ingxenye ye- inombolo enkulu yezinhlobo ezitholakele nezinhlobonhlobo. Iningi lama-equine kulawa mathuna lalingahlobene. 

Ukuhlolwa kwe-DNA kwembula a ukwehluka okukhulu kusendlalelo amahhashi amaSkithe, phakathi kwawo kukhona: emnyama, i-chestnut, i-chestnut, ukhilimu nezendlalelo ezinamabala. 

UScythian ogibele ihhashi

Umthombo: Wikipedia

Kutholakale nokuthi ayizange ithwale ukuguqulwa okubhekele enye i-trot, yize bekukhona okwehlukile okuhambisana nokugijima ibanga elifushane kwamahhashi anamuhla. Akungabazeki ukuthi amaSkithe bakwazisa ukukhuthazela nokushesha kwamahhashi abo.

Amahhashi okuqala afuywayo aphuma emaqeleni amaningi, yize lokhu kwehlukahlukana kulahlekile ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Elinye iqiniso elihehayo elitholakele ukuthi amaSkithe bebegcina izakhiwo zemvelo zamahhashi kunokukhetha abantu abambalwa kuphela. Lokhu kuphambene kakhulu nanamuhla lapho kusetshenziswa khona ihhashi elilodwa lenqwaba yeziphambano futhi ngenxa yalokho cishe wonke amahhashi namuhla anezinhlobo ezifanayo ze-Y chromosome haplotype.

Izinhlobo eziningi zofuzo ezisetshenzisiwe, zingu-121 seziphelele, zibhekisa ezingaphambili, into evumelana nobukhulu bamathambo. Babengamahhashi aqinile. 

Ngakho-ke singakusho lokho ukuzalanisa amahhashi kwaqala eminyakeni engaba ngu-5.500 XNUMX edlule. 

AmaSkithe ayewasebenzisela ini amahhashi?

Ucwaningo lukhombisa ukuthi lezi zilwane zazizijwayele badle inyama yabo baphuze nobisi lwabo (njengoba kungabonakala esithombeni esiyinhloko sendatshana). Lokhu kuchaze ukukhethwa okukhethekile kwezilwane ebezikhuphukile esikhathini sokuncelisa, okuye kwatholakala ngenxa yezifundo zofuzo. Ngaphandle kobisi benza ushizi futhi UKoumiss, isiphuzo esidakayo esenziwe ngeyogathi.

Isiko lamaSkithe lalihlobene kakhulu nempi. Bachazwa yizitha zabo njengamaqhawe anonya futhi omele kakhulu igazi ngaleso sikhathi. Kade abagibeli bamahhashi abakhulu nabacibisheli abesabekayo ezintabeni zabo. Izicukuthwane zakha abagibeli bamahhashi abaphezulu, ngezikhali ezinhle kakhulu nezicucu ezingaba yizandulela zothango lwamahhashi oluzayo.

AmaSkithe namaHhashi

Yayinjani impi yamaSkithe?

Cishe wonke amadoda amadala nabesifazane abaningi babamba iqhaza ezimpini. Iningi ligibela amahhashi, lenza abagibeli bamahhashi abalula., bonke abanye babequkethe ibutho lezinsana elakhiwa abampofu kakhulu futhi ibutho elinzima lamahhashi elenziwe ngamakhosana nabaphelezeli bakhe.

Ayikho imininingwane eningiliziwe noma ephathekayo egcinwe ngamasu abawasebenzisile ezimpini, kepha kuyacaca ukuthi amahhashi abambe iqhaza elibonakalayo kuwona.

Kwakunjalo ukubaluleka ukuthi abesilisa nabesifazane babegibela amahhashi ngamabhulukwe aklanywe ngokukhethekile yalowo msebenzi. Bakha isihlalo esiqinile sokugibela. Lezi zihlalo zazakhiwa izingxenye ezintathu: eyokuqala eyayinamathiselwe emzimbeni wehhashi elalishaya amagalelo ezinye izingxenye ukugwema ukulimaza isilwane, uhlobo lwephedi; kuso, kwahlelwa uhlaka olwenziwe ngezimpondo zenyamazane noma amagatsha okhuni; Ekugcineni, isihlalo, futhi njengesikebhe sokuvikela umgibeli ekushayweni, senziwa ngesikhumba semvu noma ngesikhumba semvu esigcwele uboya besilwane.

Izintaba zazingenangqondo, zazingenazo iziphazamiso, kepha abagibeli babegcina ibhalansi yabo esilwaneni. AmaSkithe babegibela ngekhono elikhulu begibele amahhashi ngezikhathi lapho abantu baseYurophu babengakaqali nokwakha amabutho abamahhashi empini. Lokhu kwanikeza abaseSkithe ithuba elihle ezimpini eziningi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.