Dhizaina mabhiza uye avo anomiririra mhando

Dhizaina mabhiza

Draft mabhiza ndeaya inoshandiswa kubasa nekuda kwekugona kwavo kukuru kugona. Pachinyakare dzave kushandiswa basa rekurima, sechinhu chinotyaira uye sevachahwina mabhiza pane dzimwe nguva dzaida kufambisa michina.

Bhiza rinodhirowa, inoda kutarisirwa kwakanyanya uye kudyisa zvinoenderana nerudzi uye huwandu hwebasa izvo zvavanoita muzuva ravo zuva nezuva.

Ruzhinji yemhando dzemhando dzemabhiza ivo vaivapo pamberi pezana ramakore rechi XNUMX. Yakanga iri kubva muzana rino ramakore zvido zvemauto nezvekurima zvaitsanangura madzinza rinorema basa. Kuwedzera kune simba rezvemaindasitiri echimurenga, kuvandudzwa kwengoro uye michina yekurima.

Avo Nyika dzaive nemigwagwa yekutengeserana dzakawana aya matsva uye ane simba equines ekushandisa kukuru. Kunyangwe idzo nzvimbo dzine migero dzakadzishandisa kuendesa simba kumvura dzichishandisa tambo dze waya uye michina michina.

MuSpain makanga musina mabhiza anorema kusvika muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX.

dhizaina marudzi emabhiza

Mhando dzekunyorwa kwemabhiza

Tinogona kuwana mhando nhatu dzedhiza bhiza maererano nehunhu uye mashandisiro, zvese zviri zviviri zvine hukama hwepakati: rinorema dhiza mabhiza, semi-rinorema dhiza mabhiza uye akareruka mabhiza

Anorema mabhiza

Iwo ndiwo akakurisa emabhiza ekunyorwa yairema kusvika masendimita masere pakasvava. Iwo zvakare akakura muhukuru, achirema kubva pa180kg kusvika pamusoro pe600kg. Yavo mitezo iri pfupi ipfupi uye mafupa ayo akasimba aine musculature yakagadzirwa zvakanaka. Uye zvakare, ivo vanowanzove nehunhu hwakadzikama kwazvo.

Mamwe anorema madhiraini emhando ndeaya: American cream dhizaini, Ardennes bhiza, Belgian dhiza bhiza, Breton bhiza, Percheron, Shire bhiza, Bolognese bhiza kana Catalan Pyrenean bhiza.

Semi-rinorema dhiza mabhiza

Iwo mabhiza ekunyorwa ayo aishandiswa mukutakura senge makochi epamasitosi aidawo simba rinokurumidza. Ichi ndicho chikonzero nei rinorema dhiza mabhiza anga asina kunyatsokodzera kune aya epamusoro kumhanya mabasa. Iyo semi-inorema dhiza mabhiza imhuka dzakareruka dzinogona kumbofamba padanho.

Mamwe eanorema-anorema madhiri emhando ndiwo mwenje wakasiyana wePercheron uye zvakare akareruka akasiyana eBreton, anonziwo Breton Postire, Ardenes mabhiza.

Chiedza chinogadzira mabhiza

Aya ndiwo mabhiza akareruka pakati pemabhiza anomisikidzwa. Ivo vaiwanzoita mabasa akadai se kudhonza ngoro dzakareruka nekumhanya kwakanyanya kupfuura maviri apfuura.

Isu tinowana mukati mechikamu ichi mhando dzakadai se: Morgan kana Hackney.

Chinyakare mashandisiro emabhiza ekuraira

Zvekurima

Anorema mabhiza aishandiswa kurima uye kufambisa michina yekurima yemarudzi ese kusvika mabhiza nemanyurusi zvatsiviwa nekufambira mberi kwetekinoroji.

kurima mabhiza

Kufambisa kwezvinhu nevanhu

Zvinozivikanwa kuti panguva dzakasiyana zvinhu zvinhu zvaitakurwa nengoro dzinodhonzwa nemabhiza. Idzi ngoro dzinogona kuve dzakasiyana chimiro uye saizi, zvinoenderana nekuti, vaive nezita rimwe kana rimwe: ngoro, ngoro, tartata, ngarava.

Iwe unogona kuziva mhando dzakasiyana dzengoro dzakadhonzwa nemabhiza mune ino chinyorwa: Ngoro dzemabhiza: nhoroondo, mhando uye mashandisiro

Sezvakakosha tichazotaura zviviri, imwe yekushandisa kwayo kukuru uye yechipiri yekuda kuziva:

Proceedings

Kwenguva yakareba kufamba pakati pemaguta kana mataundi kwakaitwa vakatasva bhiza. Iyo migwagwa, yaipindirana neiyo yakavakwa nemaRoma, yaive yakaipa kana kuti pakanga pasina. Iko kushandiswa kwekutakura kwakapararira uye migwagwa yakavakwa pakati pemaguta makuru, ichigadzira mitsetse yechitima pakati pemaguta makuru. Aive mabhiza emabhiza akazadzisa basa rekutungamira nyaya idzi.

Tramways

MuParis maive ne network yetram inodhonzwa nemaequines.

Tow mabhiza

Sezvatakambotaura kare, iwo maguta aive nekutakura rwizi, mabhiza akaita basa rakakosha. Mhuka dzakadhonza zvaitengeswa netambo dzichitsiva vanhu kana manyurusi aimbo dhonza zvinhu izvi kusvika pakuonekwa kwemabhiza anomisikidzwa.

Muchina wekutyaira

Dhizaini mabhiza aishandiswawo sechisimba chinokurudzira magetsi michina kana zvishandiso senge looms, zvigayo, michina, mapombi emvura, nezvimwe. Mhuka dzaiwanzobatanidzwa nejecha rekumusoro rinotenderera kumutsara wemazariro akarongwa zvine hunyanzvi. Mabhiza akarongwa kuti afambe mudenderedzwa nesimba rinodiwa kuti asvike pasimba rinodiwa mukushanda kwemuchina.

Basa remasango

Munzvimbo yakaoma, ndiwo mabhiza anodhonza kuti atakure matanda.

musango basa bhiza

Mhando huru dzemhando dzemabhiza

Iye zvino tichaenda kunoona mamwe emarudzi makuru mukati meDraft mabhiza. Asi kutanga isu tichataura nezve zvakajairika hunhu hunogadzirirwa mabhiza.

Zvakajairika hunhu hwekunyorwa kwemabhiza marudzi

Dhizaini mabhiza anozivikanwa kwazvo avo simba guru uye kutsungirira. Iwo akakura, akareba, makuru equines, kunyangwe sezvatakambokurukura, zvinoenderana nerudzi rwebhiza rine rudzi, ringave rakakura kana kushoma. Zvinogona kusiyana kubva pa160 cm kusvika ku180 cm pakasvava uye kuva pakati pe600 ne1000 kg, kunyangwe idzo dzinorema kunyora dzinogona kupfuura huremu hwekupedzisira.

Mapfupa emabhiza aya akasimba uye akakura. Hwake hwakasimukira musculature. Mbiri yemusoro inowanzo kuve ipfupi uye yakatetepa mitsara, uye mitezo pane ipfupi.

Iwo majasi anogona kuve akasiyana kwazvo zvichienderana nerudzi rwuri kutaurwa, kunyangwe vachiwanzo vane jasi rakakora. Mimwe mhando, senge maPercheron, ane mahwanda akafukidzwa nevhudzi. 

Kana zviri zvehunhu hwake, ndezve mhuka dzakadzikama zvakanyanya.

Uye ikozvino hongu, isu ticha taura nezve mana marudzi eaya maequine.

Ardenes Mabhiza

Tiri pamberi imwe yedzinza rekare kwazvo emabhiza ekunyorwa. Rudzi urwu rwunoberekerwa muArdennes, Belgium, Luxenburg neFrance, yekutanga ndipo painowana zita rayo. Nekudaro, iyo nhoroondo yeaya equines yakadzokera kumashure zvimwe zvakare kumashure munhoroondo, kuRoma yekare. Ardennes kana Ardennes mabhiza ndiwo madzitateguru emamwe akawanda ezvinyorwa zvinyorwa.

Ardenes Horse

Mukutanga kwavo vaive vakadhonzwa mabhiza kwete echikwata chinorema, asi muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX, rudzi urwu rwakasanganiswa nemabhiza eArabia kuti kurerutsa. Nhasi inoonekwa se semi-rinorema dhizaini bhiza. 

Were yakakosha kwazvo kuita basa muhondo, zvese sebhiza remauto uye sevatasvi vakatasva mabhiza.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvishoma nezve rudzi urwu unogona kuwana ruzivo mune yedu chinyorwa. Ardennes Mabhiza, rimwe remhando dzekare dzemhando

American Cream Dhizaini

Rudzi urwu rwebhiza ndiro chete bhiza rakagadzirwa muUnited States riripo nhasi. Inowana zita rayo kubva kukirimu yayo kana champagne goridhe cape uye ayo amber maziso.

Imhando yezvirimwa ine zvienzaniso zvishoma kunyangwe hazvo basa riri kuitwa kuti risarasike.

American Cream Dhizaini

Kwayaka: youtube

Italian dhiza bhiza

Es imwe yeiyo madiki madiki ekunyora, kunyanya vanogona kusvika 160 cm. Pamusoro pekusimba, irudzi rwuno shanda runoshandiswa sebhiza repurazi. Ine kumberi nemuswe weblonde.

Latvian

Mukati medzi nhangemutange yekutsungirira kukuru, isu tinowana iwo matatu marudzi emabhiza ekuraira: inorema-basa Latvia, iyo semi-inorema-basa Latvia uye mwenje wechiLatvia mwenje-unotasva.

Belgian dhiza bhiza

Pakutanga kubva kuBelgium, ndeimwe yemhando dzekunyorwa dzavepo inoshandiswa zvakanyanya muUnited States neCanada. Yaishandiswa pamusoro pezvose kutakura mitoro mikuru.

Belgian Draft Horse

Vadivelu Comedy Suffolk Punch

Rudzi urwu rwakatanga kubva mudunhu rezita rimwe chete. Yakawanikwa nekusarudza zvizvarwa zvemuno munzvimbo iyi. Iyo rudzi rurefu-rwakareba runoda chikafu chidiki kuti chirarame. Nhasi hakuna makopi akawandisa.

Percheron

Uyu rudzi runotangira kuLe Perche, muFrance, haisi kuzivikanwa chete nekuda kwayo simba guru uye kuvimbika asi nekuda kwehunhu hwayo hwekuyemura hunokosheswa zvekuti vanoiisa pane akawanda mazita eiyo mabhiza akanaka kwazvo pasi.

Percheron

Zvishoma nezvishoma, rudzi urwu rwaipararira nekutora mhando dzakasiyana zvichienderana nenyika yairi kuramba ichikura. Kana iwe uchida kuziva akasiyana akasiyana mukati merudzi urwu, tinokurudzira kuti utarise kuchinyorwa chedu: Percheron bhiza

Breton bhiza

Takatarisana nerimwe bhiza rinonyorwa kubva kuFrance. Icho chizvarwa chakagadzirwa mu XIX remakore uye ndiani ane a njere huru. Zita rayo rinobva kumakomo eBreton, kwaaive kwazvo.

Icho chi rustic rudzi, ine yekukurumidza kufamba uye ine hupenyu trot kunyangwe yakakura saizi

Breton

clydesdale

Rudzi urwu rwemabhiza ekunyorwa ndiwo mhedzisiro ye kuyambuka kweScotland rinorema dhiza mares uye Flemish mabhiza. Yakagadziriswa nekuyambuka neShire nemaArabu. Zvese izvi zvinoita kuti rudzi urwu ruwedzere kunaka.

clydesdales

Bolognese

Iine hunhu hwemabhiza eArabia neBerber, urwu rudzi rwehukuru hwakakura uye huremu (dzakatenderedza 850 kg). Icho chizvarwa yakashandiswa zvakanyanya kunonoka kudhonza mabasa. 

Ndinovimba iwe wakanakidzwa nekuverenga ichi chinyorwa zvakanyanya sekuita kwandakaita kuchinyora.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
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