Mitundu ya Mahatchi Opambana

Kavalo wangwiro wamagazi

Akavalo Opambana iwo ndi mtundu anayamba mu England ku zaka XVIII. Ndizowona kuti, nthawi zina, dzina loti "kusamalidwa bwino" limagwiritsidwa ntchito ponena za kavalo aliyense, amene sapereka mtanda wamtundu uliwonse ndi mitundu ina ya makolo awo.

Iwo ndi ofanana kwambiri amtengo wapatali ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito pantchito yothamanga a akavalo chifukwa amapambana kuthamanga kwawo, kuthamanga komanso mzimu. Ngakhale amapangidwira masewera othamanga, nawonso itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamitundu ina yamasewera kuyanjana chifukwa chamasewera ake.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za mtunduwu?

Pali mahatchi ambiri okwera bwino omwe akhala akudziwika kalekale. Zitsanzo zabwino za izi ndi izi: Seabiscuit kuti mu 1937 anapambana Triple Crown; Rufian. Ndipo ngati tiwona nthawi yatsopano yomwe titha kukambirana Frankel kuti asanapume ku 2012 adapambana mipikisano yonse 14 yomwe adapikisana nayo.

Kwa zaka zambiri, mayina a Mahatchi Okwaniritsidwa Ophatikizidwa omwe akupezeka pamndandanda wa opambana akuchulukirachulukira. Tithokoze chifukwa chamakhalidwe omwe amayamikiridwa kwambiri pamtunduwu.

Monga iwo?

Mahatchi Oyera Bwino nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi kutalika pakati pa 155 cm ndi 180 cm ndi kulemera mozungulira 500 kg. Monga mukuwonera kusiyanasiyana kukula kungakhale kofunikira kwambiri kuchokera ku Kupitilira kwina mpaka kwina, atha kukhala osiyana ngakhale m'maonekedwe. Tidapereka ndemanga koyambirira kuti Ruffian anali ndi kutalika kwa 170 cm, mwachitsanzo. Izi ndichifukwa choti mtunduwo sutha kukhala ndi mulingo wokhazikika. Inde, matupi awo nthawi zambiri amakhala nthawi zonse molingana bwino ndipo ukhale wokongola kuyang'ana, zokongola.

Kuthamanga Kwathunthu

Akavalo amtunduwu amapangidwa kuti azithamanga ndi chishalo. Malinga ndi msinkhu wawo ndi kutumbikika, amaphunzitsidwa mitundu ina yamitundu, ngakhale kuti nthawi zambiri pamakhala chiwonetsero chazitali. Mwachitsanzo, zitsanzo zazifupi komanso zaminyewa ndizoyenera bwino kwafupi (ma sprinters), pomwe nyama zazikulu zazikulu ndi miyendo yayitali nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mtunda wautali (wopitilira kilomita imodzi). Ngakhale ndizowona kuti ndikofunikanso kudziwa kuti ndi malo ati omwe ali bwino.

Chifukwa chake mtundu uwu wa kavalo ungagawidwe pakati othamanga kapena othamanga ataliatali y mahatchi audzu kapena akavalo amchenga. 

Akadali ana amphongo, akatswiri ena amatha kuwona kuthekera kwawo kutengera mawonekedwe a miyendo yawo, momwe amayendera, mawonekedwe awo ndi nzeru zawo.

Ma equines ali ndi chaka chimodzi, maphunziro awo amayamba. Mphindi ya ntchito yapamwamba mwa ma equines awa ndi pakati pa zaka zapakati pa 3 ndi 5. Izi sizitanthauza kuti ndichizolowezi, pakhala pali milandu pomwe amayamba ntchito yawo mdziko la masewera atatha zaka ziwiri kapena kumaliza pambuyo pa 10.

Tiyeni tikambirane pang'ono za mawonekedwe awo amtundu, ngakhale poganizira kuti atha kukhala ndizosiyanasiyana pamitundu ina ya mtunduwo ndi inzake. Ali ndi thupi lalitali komanso lowonda, mbiri yowongoka, yokhala ndi impso yamphamvu kwambiri yomwe imapereka mphamvu yayikulu pothamangira. 

Mutu ukuwoneka kuti nthawi zonse umakhala tcheru chifukwa cha kuchepa kwake. Icho chimathera mu nsagwada yopepuka ndi owerengeka mphuno zazikulu m'mphuno zomwe zimalola mpweya wothamanga mwachangu chinthu chomwe chimakonda chimafanana ndi chomwe chadzipereka pamasewera.

ndi miyendo yakumbuyo mwana wautali komanso wamphamvu pomwe kutsogolo nthawi zambiri amakhala ochulukirapo woonda komanso wamfupi. 

Mu ubweya wokwanira ndiwopepuka komanso wamfupi. Pulogalamu ya zigawo za Mtundu wakudangakhale akhoza dzipatseni magawo ena monga la Bay, la imvi kapena mgoza. Nkhope ndi malekezero atha kukhala ndi mawanga oyera, komabe tsitsi loyera simawoneka kawirikawiri m'thupi lonse.

Mutu wokwanira

Khalidwe ndichinthu chomwe chimasiyanitsa mtundu wamtunduwu ndikuti nthawi zambiri amakhala mahatchi anzeru kwambiri, amanjenje, amphamvu komanso olimba mtima. Izi zimapangitsa kukhala kofunika kukhala ndi dzanja lapadera mukawalera ndi kuwaphunzitsa.

Mbiri ya inu pang'ono

Pakati pa zaka 1683 ndi 1728, ku England, obereketsa anayamba kuwoloka mares achingerezi ndi mahatchi atatu aku Arabia inatumizidwa kuchokera ku Middle East komanso ndi luso labwino lothamanga: Darley Arabia, Byerley Turk ndi Godolphin Arabian. Akavalo Onse amakono amakwana kuchokera m'modzi mwa mahatchi atatuwa, omwe gawo lawo loyamba limatchula eni ake ndipo gawo lachiwiri ndi mtundu womwe nyamayo idakhala. Monga chidwi, pali maphunziro amtundu omwe adawonetsa kuti unyinji wambiri wamtunduwu, pafupifupi 95%, makamaka ochokera ku Darley Arabian.

Mitanda iyi anali akuyang'ana kuti atenge kavalo wabwino kwambiri wothamanga. Kuthamanga mahatchi ndi mwambo ku England kuti malinga ndi kafukufuku wina adayamba zaka za zana la XNUMX. Kodi mukuganiza kuti adakwaniritsa cholinga chawo? Inde inde ndi zina zambiri.

Mwanayo adalimbikitsidwa ndi dziko la juga. Mu 1868, kubetcha masewera othamangitsa mahatchi kunali ndi setifiketi.

Bulu Lokwanira

UK Jockey Club ili ndi kaundula wa mitundu, nyama yoyamba kulembetsa ili m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Zowonjezera Mpikisano uliwonse Horsebred Horse amalembedwa m'mabuku a stud Za dziko lomwe adabadwira.

Pakati pa zaka 1900 ndi 1930, kuswana bwino adalumpha chithaphwi ndipo zinayamba kuchitika ku America, komwe dziko lothamanga pamahatchi lidalandilidwa bwino.

Pakadali pano kuswana ndi kusankha kwa Mahatchi Opambana ndi ovuta kwambiri kupeza ana amphongo omwe ali ndi mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri yomwe imatha kufikira mtengo wamakumi masauzande.

Chaka chomwe amatha kufikira Pafupifupi ana 35.000 amabadwa za mtunduwu padziko lapansi, zowonekera makamaka ku California, Florida ndi Kentucky.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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