Mahatchi a Trakehner, mawonekedwe amtundu wokongola kwambiri

@Alirezatalischioriginal

Gwero: wikimedia

Mahatchi a Trakehner amachokera ku East Prussia, dera lomwe kale linali la Germany, pomwepo linali Russia, ndipo tsopano ndi gawo la Poland. Komabe, mtunduwu umadziwika kuti "Kavalo Wamagazi Otentha waku East Prussia"

Ndi imodzi mwamagulu akale kwambiri a mahatchi ofunda padziko lapansi. Iwo ali kwambiri yokhudzana ndi kukwera mahatchi ndipo ndizofunikira kwambiri mdziko la masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso zovala. Nthawi zonse pamakhala zitsanzo za Trakehner pamipikisano yapadziko lonse lapansi.

Kodi tikumudziwa bwino?

Mtundu wa Trakehner wakwanitsa kuchita bwino kwambiri pa Olimpiki, makamaka muzovala ndi chiwonetsero chathunthu. Koma sikuti imangowonekera pamasewera, ndi kavalo woyenera kwambiri woyendetsa komanso kupumula. Tili kale choncho equine wosunthika.

Mitundu ya Trakehner

Monga chochititsa chidwi, mumzinda wa Verden ku Lower Saxony, pali chifanizo cha Tempelhüter, gulu lodziwika bwino la mtunduwu.

Monga iwo?

Tili patsogolo pa ma equines ena a zokongola kwambiri komanso zolemekezeka, ndi kutalika kwa kufota kuyambira 162 cm mpaka 168 cm. Mutu wake, wokhala ndi mawonekedwe owongoka, uli wolinganizidwa bwino ndipo uli ndi chipumi chachikulu ndi maso akulu. Awo  ziwalo ndi zimfundo zimakhala zolimba ndipo mumatha ndi zipewa zolimba. Kuphatikiza apo, kutalika kwakanthawi kochepa kwa ndodo kumapangitsa kuti iziyandikira kwambiri pansi.

Chikhalidwe china cha mitundu ndi yawo kumbuyo kwake kwamphamvu, zomwe zimakupangitsani kukhala odziwika pamiyeso yolumpha.

El ubweya za mtundu uwu, mwina zigawo zilizonse zolimba, kuwonetsa mabokosi, mabokosi, mabokosi amdima ndi zigawo zakuda.

Panali nthawi yoti pakati pamahatchi amwazi wofunda, monga mtundu womwe ukukambidwa, inali nkhani yopanda zisoti opembedza. Ma Trakehners anali okhaokha.

Monga chinthu china chodabwitsa chokhudza ubweya, Kumayambiriro kwa kuswana kwa mtunduwo, mtundu wa malaya ake udalingaliridwa Malinga ndi mitundu yake amawerengedwa kuti amasiyanitsa mawonekedwe amthupi. Mwachitsanzo, maresi okutidwa ndi mabokosi ankanenedwa kuti ndi ozindikira, othekera kwambiri komanso owoneka bwino. Amakhulupirira kuti ndi mbadwa za English Thoroughbred Stallion ndipo mzere wokhawo wochokera ku mtundu wa Hanoverian womwe udakhazikitsidwa ndi Trakehner stallion.

Mbuzi yamphongo ndi mbidzi

Gwero: Wikimedia

Ponena za ake khalidwe, nthawi zina amawonetsa kuti ali ndi chidwi chachikulu, mphamvu ndi kukana. Izi zawapangitsa kukhala otchuka chifukwa chokhala akavalo ovuta, koma pansi pa wokwera wawo amakhala nyama yodalirika.

Mbiri ya inu pang'ono

Dera lomwe lidalamulidwa ndi Order ya Ankhondo a Teutonic m'zaka za zana la XNUMX. Ndalama yaying'ono yakomweko yotchedwa Schewiken idayamba kuswana. Anali mahatchi omwe amawoneka olimba komanso osinthasintha, ochokera mumtundu wa Konik ndi Tarpan wakale. Ma equine amenewa anali kuwoloka ndi akavalo akummawa motero Hatchi yaku East Prussian idabadwa. 

Komabe kuyankhula chiyambi cha mtunduwo, tiyenera kupita zaka mazana angapo mtsogolo. Yatsani 1732, Frederick I waku Prussia adapeza famu yonyamula mahatchi mumzinda wa Trakehnen. Cholinga cha mtunduwo chinali kukhala phiri lankhondo ndipo nthawi yomweyo chimalimbikitsa mitundu yakomweko: akavalo a Schweiken. Kuti apange, adaganiza zodutsa mitundu yakomweko ndi ma English ndi Arab, chifukwa cha mtundu wa Trakehner ndi Trakehnen Stud.

Mpaka pomwe Nkhondo Yoyamba Yapadziko Lonse idayamba, asitikali adapeza kavalo wabwino wotsitsimutsa kuti ayende ndipo amafuna kupitiliza kufunafuna equine yomwe ingakwaniritse ziyembekezo zawo zonse: mtundu wosagwirizana ndi zovuta zankhondo, olimba mtima kuti apirire phokoso la nkhondo mendulo yamachimo komanso owoneka bwino iyenera kuti inali chishalo cha alonda Pansi pa zonsezi, mpikisanowu udatha.

Kuphatikiza pa kukonzekera kukhala kavalo wonyamulira, alimi adazindikira kuti inali nyama yomwe ili ndi luso logwira ntchito ndipo imafunika kuyisamalira pang'ono. Mwa njira ya anayamba kuleredwa nawonso ngati kavalo wogwira ntchito zomwe zingapangitse kuti ikhale ngati kavalo wokongola wamagalimoto ena osankhidwa.

Chifukwa chake tikukumana ndi mitundu iwiri yamtundu womwewo, koma onse ali ndi luso ngati kavalo woloza. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono mitundu iwiriyi anali osakanikirana, akuphatikiza mpikisano wapano wa Trankener. 

Ana a Trakehmer

Gwero: wikimedia

Pa nthawiyi Nkhondo Yoyamba Yapadziko Lonse, Mahatchi a Trakehner anali ndi kuchepetsa kwakukulu kwa chiwerengero chawo zitsanzo. Kwa abusa ntchito yayikulu yoti athe kuthana ndi ziwerengerozo ndikubwezeretsanso mtunduwo. Komabe, nyengo yovuta komanso kuwukira kwa asitikali aku Russia zidapangitsa anthu kusiya nyumba zawo ndi moyo wawo. Chifukwa chake obereketsawo sakanatha kuchita ntchito yawo. Yatsani 1944, gulu lalikulu la Trakehnen linasamutsidwaPafupifupi ma 800 mahatchi, mahatchi ndi mbidzi zinapita ku Russia.

Pofika nthawi yomwe anthu a Trakehnen adatha kuthawa, ndi mahatchi ochepa okha amtundu womwe adaweta mosamala kwambiri omwe anali atapulumuka. Koma chifukwa cha oweta ena, mtunduwo udatha kupitabe patsogolo sichoncho komwe adachokera, popeza Trakehnen kulibe lero.

Ena mwa ma equine awa adatengedwa kupita nawo Kirov komwe Trakehner waku Russia angatulukire. 

Pa nthawiyi Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yadziko Lonse, mpikisano unali kachiwiri pangozi yakutha. Nkhondo ndi njala ku Germany zidapangitsa kuti ma equine ambiri afe kapena kuphedwa ngati nyama. Adapulumutsidwa pomwe zitsanzo zidasamutsidwa ku Germany. Kumeneko adalembetsa ndikuyamba kuweta, akukhala ndi akavalo oyenera. Mu 1947 West West Association ya obereketsa komanso abwenzi a Sangre Caliente kavalo wochokera ku Trakehner adakhazikitsidwa. Mtunduwo unayamba kubwezeretsedwanso, kuyambira pezani ndi kusonkhanitsa zitsanzo zomwe zidatsala. Ndikuganiza kuti ku Germany Gesellschaft wolemba Trakehner, imodzi chiyanjano cholimbikitsira mtunduwu zomwe zingafalikire padziko lonse lapansi.

Trakehners anali amagwiritsidwa ntchito pokweza mitundu ina yamipikisano monga momwe zimakhalira ndi akavalo a Hanoverian.

Lero ndi mtundu womwe ukukula muzitsanzo ndikufalikira padziko lonse lapansi. Ku Germany mwachitsanzo, pali olembetsa pafupifupi zikwi zisanu.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


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