Spanish Equestrian Federation: Chiyambi ndi Ntchito

Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation

Munkhani yamasiku ano tikambirana za Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation, komwe idayambira komanso machitidwe ndi machitidwe okwera omwe amagwira nawo ntchito.

Koma choyamba tiyeni tikambirane pang'ono za dziko lokwera pamahatchi, monga zimadziwika kuti Hatchiyo ili ndi udindo wofunikira pakati pa anthu ngakhale ntchito zake zakhala zosiyanasiyana kwa zaka zambiri. Takonzeka kuti mudziwe zambiri?

Mbiri yakukwera pamahatchi

Kuthamanga kwa ma equines kunawapangitsa kukhala nyama yovuta kwa munthu woyambirira woyendayenda, ndipo amayenera kupita kukabisala kuti akagwire ndikudya nyama yawo.

Pambuyo pake, pamene umunthu ukhazikika ndipo ayamba kulima nthaka ndi ziweto, amazindikira kuti kavaloyo akhoza kukhala chida chothandiza kwambiri pantchito. Chifukwa chake nyama iyi idakhala yofunikira pamunthu.

Akavalo Ankagwiritsidwa ntchito pochita ziweto ndi ulimi, komanso kupanga nkhondo. Mmodzi mwa akavalo otchuka kwambiri m'magulu ankhondo okwera pamahatchi ndi Bucephalus, wolemba Alexander Wamkulu. Pa ntchito iyi ya kavalo wankhondo kupangidwa kwa ziphuphu Zinali zofunika kwambiri.

Zoyambilira ndi kuyamba kwa kukwera pamahatchi ngati masewera

Mu Middle Ages, ma Knights omwe adaphunzitsidwa ku Sukulu ya Knights kapena Spanish Chivalry adapeza kutchuka kwakukulu. Popita nthawi Masewera okwera pamahatchi ndi masewera adafalikira kwambiri, kukwera mahatchi kunatulukira ngati masewera. Zosangalatsa zamasewerawa zikupitilizabe kupangidwa monga tingawonere m'chithunzichi.

Mpikisano_aka

La Sukulu yoyamba yoyendera idatuluka ku Italy mu 1539. Kwa zaka mazana ambiri, njira zosiyanasiyana zatulukira pakukwera mahatchi, monga mawonekedwe oyambira atatsamira pakavalo (njira yomwe idayambitsidwa mu 1902).

En 1921 International Equestrian Federation idakhazikitsidwa (FHI), kuvomereza malamulo ampikisano apadziko lonse lapansi, Masewera a Olimpiki ndi machitidwe ena okwera pamahatchi. FHI idapangidwa ndi nthumwi za mabungwe asanu ndi atatu: Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Japan, Norway, Sweden ndi United States. Pakadali pano pali mabungwe 134 ogwirizana kupita ku FHI.

Kulengedwa kwa Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation

Juni 22, 1901 Spanish Equestrian Society idakhazikitsidwa ku Madrid motsogozedwa ndi Duke wa Uceda. Chochitikachi chinali chiyambi cha zomwe zingakhale Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation. Malo omwe asankhidwa kuti akhazikitse kalabu adzakhala m'maiko a phiri la El Pardo, ya mahekitala 64 owonjezera.

Mu Januwale 1908 pempho la kalabu, Mfumu Alfonso XIII inamupatsa dzina lachifumu, akudziyitanira okha pambuyo pake "Royal Spanish Equestrian Society of Madrid".

Kumayambiriro kwa 1936, kilabu yadziko idakhazikitsidwa ndikugwira ntchito bwino kwambiri, ngakhale Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni idakhudza chitukuko cha moyo wa gululi komanso malo ake. Zinatenga zaka zinayi kuti amangenso nyumbazi. Dzikolo linakhudzidwa ndikuchepetsedwa pomwe ena mwa iwo adakhala mbali ya Ministry of Agriculture. Ndizowona, komabe, kuti Undunawo udakwanitsa ndi Madrid City Council the kulandidwa kwa malo pafupi ndi La Zarzuela.

Ntchito zinayambiranso ndipo Royal Spanish Equestrian Society ndi Country Club zidaphatikizidwa ndi malamulo atsopano, akudziyitanitsa kuyambira pamenepo Royal Royal Equestrian Federation. Kuyambira pano, mu 1942, kuti kumangidwanso kwa malowa kunalimbikitsidwa a Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation, kuyambira nthawi yaulemerero izo zikanatha mpaka 70s.

Mu 1983, maufulu akuminda omwe anali nawo mumsewu wa Castilla adazimitsidwa, adayamba kufunafuna malo atsopano. Yatsani 1990 famu idagulidwa ku San Sebastián de los Reyes ndipo ntchito idayamba m'malo amenewo kuti apeze malo atsopanowa.

Kalabu ikupitilizabe chitukuko m'malo awa kuyambira pomwe idatsegulidwa mu 1997.

Zochita kapena maphunziro omwe adachitika

Maulendo

anaukira

Chilango chokhala ndi kuyesa liwiro, kuthekera ndi kulimbana kwakuthupi ndi kwamaganizidwe a kavalo ndi wokwera. Onsewa amayenera kuyenda maulendo ataliatali kudutsa madera osiyanasiyana, patatsala tsiku limodzi. Wokwerayo ayenera kudziwa momwe angachitire zoyeserera za kavalo wake. Pamapeto pake, kuthamanga kwa nyama kumayesedwa ndipo ngati ali pamwamba pazololedwa, wokwerayo amachotsedwa pamayeso.

Ntchito kukwera mahatchi

Kupitilira kulanga, ndimachitidwe a ntchito za akavalo ndi okwera, kuphunzitsa ndi cholinga chokhazikitsa luso lomwe nyama ili nalo ndikupeza maluso ena atsopano ntchito ndi ng'ombe kumunda. Pali mpikisano wadziko lonse wamavuto ogwira ntchito omwe amakhala ndi chitukuko cha mayesero anayi, payekhapayekha kapena m'magulu: Kuvala, Kusintha, Kuthamanga ndi Kutali ndi ng'ombe.

Zovala

Uwu ndi umodzi mwamaphunziro a Olimpiki. Izi potengera mgwirizano pakati pa kavalo ndi wokwera wake, akuchita mayendedwe osiyanasiyana ovuta kwambiri kukhazikitsidwa mu pulogalamu. Akavalo amayenda mozungulira, amadzitembenukira okha, amachita Passage kapena Piaffe, pamsewu wa 20m x 60m, oweluza akuwayang'anira. Ngakhale mayendedwe ena ndi achilengedwe kwa nyama, amafunika kuphunzitsidwa bwino ndikukonzekera.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Dressage chilango cha Olimpiki

Zovala

Mpikisano wathunthu

Mpikisano wathunthu ndimakhalidwe omwe amagawa magawo azovala, akuwonetsa kudumpha panjira ndi kuwoloka.

Chilangochi chimachitika kwamasiku atatu nthawi zonse ndi kavalo yemweyo, woyamba yemwe amayamba ndi kuvala zovala, wachiwiri kuyesedwa kwakutali ndipo omaliza amayesa kulumpha panjirayo.

Chovala cha Cowgirl

Chovala cha Cowgirl chimapangidwa ndikuwonetsa zolimbitsa zomwe zachitika mu ntchito yochita ndi ng'ombe. Zochita izi zimachitika mkati mwa magawo anayi.

Zovuta

Chilangochi chimachokera pampikisano wathunthu wokwera, kupatula kuti pano umagwiritsidwa ntchito ngolo yokokedwa ndi akavalo kapena mahatchi.

Pali magawo atatu: mitengo ya mandimu (kavalo m'modzi), mitengo ikuluikulu (mahatchi awiri) ndi yachinayi (akavalo anayi). Mpikisanowu udapangidwa, monga tidawonera pampikisano wathunthu wokwera, wa mayesero atatu: Zovala zamkati pamphete 40m x 100m pomwe kuwunika kwina kumachitika, kuweruzidwa ndi khothi lamilandu lomwe limayang'ana kusinthasintha, pafupipafupi, molunjika, kulumikizana, kuyendetsa, kukumana ndikupereka. Chiyeso chachiwiri ndi a Kupha, kuyesa kukana kupyola maphunziro omwe ali ndi zopinga zachilengedwe komanso zopanga, momwe wopambana ndiye amakhala nthawi yabwino. Chiyeso chomaliza ndikutheka, komwe zopinga zingapo zosavuta zakonzedwa, monga ma cones kapena mipira) kapena angapo. Poterepa, ndikofunika kuti musagwetse zopinga ndi sitampu yomwe wosewera aliyense akuchita.

Mahatchi

Ntchitoyi ndi mahatchi yakhala ikuwonjezeka ku Spain kwazaka zingapo, izi zikutanthauza kuti ana ang'onoang'ono amatha kukweza nyama zazikulu kwambiri. Zochitika zomwe zimachitika ndi ma pony Amachoka pazoyambira mpaka kulumpha kwakukulu kapena mpikisano wathunthu.

Kuyambiranso

Chilango ichi ndi masewera okwera pamahatchi, M'maphunziro a Monta Western, momwe wokwera ndi kavalo ayenera kuchita zinthu zingapo zomwe zimawonetsa luso la nyamayo.Wokwerayo ayenera kusamala kwambiri kuthamanga, chofunikira pakuyendetsa kulikonse, komwe kumatsimikiziridwa ndi mtundu wake. M'mayeserowa kavalo ayenera kukhala tcheru nthawi zonse ndikukonzekera malangizo a wokwerapo wake. Maganizo, kusalala, kumaliza, kuthamanga, ulamuliro komanso kuthamanga kwa kavalo ndizofunika.

Kudumpha kopinga

Izi zimayesa kukwera kavalo zopinga zopangidwa ndi mipiringidzo. Kuti muchite bwino izi, zopinga zonse ziyenera kudutsa popanda kugwetsa chilichonse chomwe chakonzedwa.

Maphunziro omwe amalepheretsa amatsutsana ndi masikelo osiyanasiyana: kuyesa nthawi, kusaka, mphamvu kapena poyimitsa ngati. Amagawidwanso m'magulu osiyanasiyana kutengera kutalika, pakati pa 1,10 ndi 1,60.

Jump_mpikisano

trec

M'malangizowa, kuthekera kwa wokwera kuchita maulendo okwera pamahatchi kudutsa kumidzi.

Kuyenda pamahatchi

Kavalo ndi a masewera pomwe magulu awiri, amembala asanu ndi mmodzi okwera pamahatchi m'modzi mwa iwo, akuyang'anizana. Kunyamula mpira wokhala ndi zikopa zisanu ndi chimodzi zachikopa, ayenera kupeza zigoli zochuluka m'mabasiketi a timu yotsutsana. Izi zikuyenera kuchitika ndikuloleza mamembala osachepera atatu a omwe akuukira pamasewera aliwonse, akusonkhanitsa mpira osatsika pa kavalo.

Para-wokwera

Ndizo Mavalidwe osinthidwa, wakhala aku Paralympic kuyambira 1996. Mfundo zazikuluzikulu ndizofanana ndi zovala. Oyendetsa, kuti athe kuwunika momwe olumala aliyense angakhudzire, kutsatira njira zosiyanasiyana, ayenera kuchita zomwe zimatchedwa "Gulu Lopunduka la Masewera". Izi zachitika kuti mpikisano ukhale wachilungamo momwe zingathere.

Flip

Chilango chomwe chingatanthauzidwe kuti masewera olimbitsa thupi pa kavalo wothamanga. Hatchiyo imayendetsedwa ndi chingwe ndi woyendetsa. Ndi masewera komanso mpikisano wapamwamba kwambiri ndipo ndi imodzi mwazomwe zimadziwika ndi International Equestrian Federation.

Kuphatikiza apo, pamalamulo onsewa, Spanish Equestrian Federation imachitanso zokopa alendo pamahatchi.

alirezatalischi

Mabungwe odziyimira pawokha

Pali mabungwe osiyanasiyana am'madera monga: Andalusian Horse Riding Federation kapena Aragonese Horse Racing Federation. Chifukwa chake ngati mukufuna kukulitsa zidziwitso zokhudzana ndi dera lanu, tikukulimbikitsani kuti mufunsane ndi webusaitiyi ya federation yanu.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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