Nā lio ʻAmelika: nā hanauna nui

. lio ʻAmelika

Ma mua o ke kamaʻilio ʻana e pili ana i nā ʻano lio ʻAmelika, e hoʻokaʻawale iki i ka moʻaukala o nā kaulike ma ʻAmelika. Ua ike ia ma ka prehistory, i ka wā o ka Pleistocene he mau lio ʻōiwi i aneane o ʻAmelika, a ʻo ka panalāʻau e pili ana i ka moku ʻo Pampean i waiwai nui i kēia mau holoholona.

Akā ʻo ka hōʻea ʻana o ke kanaka ma mua o 11.000 mau makahiki i hala aku nei me he mea lā kekahi o nā kumu hoʻoholo i ka hoʻowahā Equine ʻAmelika ʻAmelika. He manawa lōʻihi ia ma hope, i ka wā o ka naʻi aupuni o ʻAmelika, i ka wā ua hoʻolauna hou ka poʻe lanakila Sepania i kēia holoholona nani ua palahalaha aʻe ma ka ʻāina a puni ka ʻāina mai ke kenekulia XNUMX. ʻO nā lio mai nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe e like me ʻEnelani a me Palani paha, e hōʻea ana i ʻAmelika a, jMe nā equine Sepania e noho ana i ka ʻāina ʻAmelika, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻano hou; Lā hānau lio ʻAmelika.

Pālolo ʻAilika ʻAmelika

ʻO ka American Cream Draft, ka ʻo ka lāhui lio wale i hoʻomohala ʻia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e kū nei i kēia lā. ʻIke ʻia no kāna ʻano huluhulu ʻalani-kala aiʻole i ka champagne gula, a no kāna maka ʻaka.

Pālolo ʻAilika ʻAmelika

Puna: youtube

Me ka mīkini ʻana o ka hana mahi mahi, ua hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui nā hiʻohiʻona o kēia ʻano i loko o kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku o ka 1982, ke ʻike ʻia hiki ke nalo ka lāhui. Mai ia manawa e ulu ana helu ka helu o ka American Cream Draft i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia (ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi papa inoa lawaiʻa i 1944), ʻoiai he helu haʻahaʻa nō naʻe ia.

appaloosa

Manaʻo ʻia kekahi o nā lio maikaʻi loa ma ka honua e huakaʻi i kahi mamao, ʻike maʻalahi ʻia e kāna kekahi huluhulu mottled, he wahi ʻeleʻele i hoʻopili ʻia me ka ʻili poni a me nā hopena i ka ʻili freckled.

Wahi a ka noiʻi archaeological, ʻōlelo ʻia kēia No ka ʻāina ʻo ʻAsia ka lāhui a hoʻolauna ʻia ma ʻAmelika e ʻAmelika mai kahi o 1519.

appaloosa

ʻO ka inoa ʻO "Appaloosa" mai ka muliwai ʻo Palouse, que hele i nā ʻāina o nā Nez Perce Indians. ʻO kēia mau kamaʻāina nā mea i ʻike i ke ʻano maikaʻi, ke aliʻi hanohano, ka ikaika a me ka mākaukau piha o kēia mau equine me kahi kapa makamee wehewehe. ʻO ia ka lio kūpono no nā hana a Nez Perce, e like me ka hopu holoholona a me ke kaua paha, a no laila ua hoʻomaka lākou e hānau a hoʻomaʻamaʻa iā lākou.

Mai ke keʻa ma waena o ka lio Appaloosa a me ka lio ʻAlapia, e ala aʻe ka AraAppaloosa. ʻO kekahi Hoʻohālikelike ke kūʻē kiʻekiʻe i kūpono loa e like me nā lio bipi, i nā hoʻokūkū track a me nā hoʻouka kaua.

Me kahi kiʻekiʻe e kū ana ma waena o 142 cm a me 152 cm, aia kēia lāhui mai ka Appaloosa nā ʻano i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia a me nā kūlana o ka lāhui ʻAlapia, me kahi poʻo liʻiliʻi, huelo kiʻekiʻe a me nā neʻe lokomaikaʻi, akā Hoʻohui ʻia, loaʻa iā ia ke ʻano o ke kapa komo o ka Appaloosa. Mālamalama ʻo AraAppaloosa a ʻoi aku ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ma mua o Appaloosa hou aʻe o ka ʻano lio Kālā.

Lio holoholea

ʻO ka lio Buckskin a ʻO ka lāhui ʻAmelika i hānai ʻia i kēia manawa i ka mea i manaʻo ʻia kona wahi i hānau ai: Kaleponi. He lahilahi ia, ikaika a kūpaʻa hoʻi, kūpono loa i ka hana paniolo.

ʻUckshinahina

Kūlike like lākou me kahi kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 145 cm a me 155 cm, o ke kino kuikahi a kaulike, me nā kinona poepoe. He mau lālā pōkole a lahilahi hoʻi, ʻoiai kūpaʻa loa.

Mālama ko lākou huluhulu i melemele a me nā kala ʻulaʻula, ʻoiai ʻahuʻula kona poʻo poʻo. ʻO ke ʻano o ka Buckskin kā lākou ka huelo a me ka mane ʻeleʻele, Eia no hoi He laina, maʻamau maikaʻi, holo hoʻi ka ʻeleʻele i ke kua mai ka mae a ka huelo.

Lio Creole

ʻO ka lio Creole a lāhui Equine ʻano o ka Cone Hema akā hāʻawi ʻia i nā ʻAmelika āpau, ʻoiai ua ulu ʻokoʻa ia i kēlā me kēia o nā ʻāina o ka ʻāina. I kēlā me kēia makahiki he nui ka poʻe e hānai iā ia, hoʻohana lākou ia mau mea ʻelua no nā hana paʻakikī o ke kula a i ko lākou mau manawa o ka leʻaleʻa.

Lio Creole

ʻO nā ʻohana o ka hema o Chile a me ka wahi cordilleran i hele aku i ka pāpū hikina i ʻume ʻia e nā lio hihiu e noho ana iā lākou, a hoʻomaka lākou e lawe iā lākou i ko lākou mau ʻāina e hoʻokipa iā lākou i kā lākou ala ponoʻī. Hoʻololi kēia mau kaulike i ke kaiapuni kahi a lākou e noho ai a hele ʻia me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe a hiki i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka lio Creole o kēia manawa. ʻO lākou nā holoholona kaiāulu, o ka ikaika a me nā mākala e hiki ke ʻaneʻane ke ʻano o ke kapa.

Ua kokoke e nalowale ka lāhui lio Creole mālama ʻole ʻia kā lākou hānau ʻana me ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā equine hou, nā hoʻohana hou, a pēlā aku. Akā i loko I ka makahiki 1910, ua hana ʻia ka mahele koa Lio wahine ʻo Chile ma Chile, a ua hoʻomaka ka hoʻōla ma lalo o ka moʻolelo kūʻauhau o ka lio Creole kumu.

Ka Lio Pahu mawaho

ʻO ka lio Outer Banks kahi ʻano o Lio hihiu que noho ma nā mokupuni o ka Outer Banks o North Carolina. Hiki ke loaʻa nā holoholona ma Ocracoke Island, Shackleford Banks, Currituck Banks, a me Rachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary.

Lio mau panakō waho

ʻO nā moʻopuna o nā lio Paniolo, he ʻano lio ia i hiki ke lilo i holoholona hihiu ma hope o ke ola ʻana o ka moku a haʻalele ʻia a haʻalele paha i kekahi o nā huakaʻi i alakaʻi ʻia e Lucas Vázquez de Ayllon a i ʻole Sir Richard Grenville.

He mau lio lākou liʻiliʻi, ikaika a paʻa i ke ʻano que Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa lākou i ke ola ma nā mokupuni a ʻauʻau i waena o lākou e ʻimi ana i ka wai hou a me nā mauʻu hou.

Lio Paso Lūkia

ʻO ka lio Paso Peruvian he lāhui ʻōiwi, e like me ka inoa e hōʻike nei, mai Peru. He laha ʻike ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau kenekulia a ke ulu nei ʻo ia i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe o ʻAmelika Hema e like me Colombia a i ʻole Pokoliko, a ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa hoʻi.

lio pākua peruvian

Me kahi kiʻekiʻe o kahi o 145 cm, ke alo nei mākou i Medium i ka lio liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi, me kahi kino kuʻina, ākea a me ke kino nui. ʻO ko lākou mau lālā, ʻoiai pōkole, ikaika loa. ʻO ka ʻāʻī, kaulike kaulike ʻia i ke koena o ke kino, e pau i kahi poʻo ākea a pālahalaha e ʻike maka.

ʻOiai hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa ʻaneʻane i nā ʻano o nā papa, ʻO ka chestnut a me ke kala o ka chestnut ke poʻokela i ko lākou hulu.

Mile hapaha

El Lio hapahā aiʻole ka lio hapahā, he ano lio mai ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa kūpono kūpono no nā lāhui pōkole, kikoʻī i nā 402 mau mika mai kahi e loaʻa ai ka inoa. ʻLelo ʻia ʻo ia ka lio o kēlā poʻe paniolo a me nā mahiʻai e noho ana a make e kau ana i luna o kā lākou mau lio. ʻOiai he lio poʻokela poʻokela me he lio bipi kauō a ma nā ʻano hoʻokūkū a me nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā holo.

ʻO ia ka lāhui lio me nā holoholona i hoʻopaʻa inoa nui ʻia ma ka honua, ʻoi aku ma mua o 4 miliona, hana kēia i kekahi o nā ʻano Equine kaulana loa.

Hapaha mile hapahā

Pōkole nā ​​wahi o kēia manawa (ma waena o 143 cm a me 160 cm) a kūpikipiki, me ka hana muscular a me ka pahu nui a ākea. Loaʻa iā lākou hoʻokahi nui nā haʻuki a me ka hiki i ka hana, ke kaulana no ko lākou hoʻomaka wikiwiki, ko lākou hiki ke huli a kū, ko lākou wikiwiki i kahi mamao, ko lākou ʻike a me ka hana maikaʻi.

Morgan

ʻO ka lāhui Morgan ka kekahi o nā hānau equine mua i hoʻomohala ʻia ma United States. No laila, ua hoʻohuli i nā lāhui he nui o ka ʻāina, e like me ka lio Quarter, Tennessee Walking Horse a i ʻole Horse Standardbred. He aha hou aʻe, ua hoʻolilo ʻia i nā ʻāina he nui ma nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX. Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e like me ʻEulopa a me Oceania, hānai ʻia a ulu ʻia kēia ʻano. I ka 2005, ua koho ʻia ma mua o 175.000 mau lio Morgan ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Morgan noho ʻAmelika

ʻO ka lāhui Morgan ka mea maʻamau o nā mokuʻāina ʻo Vermont a me Massachusetts. E pili ana i nā kaulike kuikahi a hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia me ka hulu, maʻamau, ʻeleʻele a ʻeleʻele paha, ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke hōʻike i nā papa like ʻole, me ka pint. Nui loa lākou ʻike ʻia no ko lākou mākaukau nui a hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻano aʻo like ʻole. He mau lio koa hoʻi lākou i ka wā o ke Kaua Kivila ʻAmelika.

E like me kā mākou i ʻike ai me ka Appaloosa, ke hele nei i ka Morgan me ka lio ʻAlapia e kū aʻe kahi equine hou ka Morab. Me ka pahuhopu o ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi lio lio māmā e hiki ke hana i ka mahi mahiʻai, hoʻomaka lākou e hele i kēia mau ʻano ʻelua. Mai ka 1880. ʻAʻole ia a hiki i ka 1973 i ka manawa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ai ka lio Morab mua, ma mua o kēia lā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ai lākou i ka papa inoa inoa Morgan.

Ke hoʻohui nei i ka hanohano a me ka mana, he Morab loa kēia kūpono no nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū no kona hoihoi. Hoʻohui, no kāna Kaha maikaʻi He kaʻa pono ia no ka holo leʻaleʻa a me he lio hana kaulike.

Mustang

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke nalo na lio hihiu o Amerika Akau:ʻO mustang a mustangs. Kuhi ʻia kēia ʻano Equine kekahi o nani loa ma ka honua. I ko lākou mau papa, hiki iā lākou ke hōʻike i nā ʻano o nā aka like ʻole, akā naʻe sʻo ʻoe ke ʻano pale lole ʻo ia ka mea nāna Hoʻohui ia i nā leo brown a me nā leo polū, kahi e hāʻawi i ka holoholona i kahi ʻālohilohi kū hoʻokahi. ʻO kēia pale kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona aesthetic waiwai nui loa i kēia mau equine.

Mustang

Mahalo nui ʻia lākou no ko lākou kūpaʻa nui a me ka ikaika, he mau hiʻohiʻona liʻiliʻi lākou i loaʻa ke kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 135 knm a me 155 cm. Kona ke ʻano impetuous a kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa hoʻi he ano ia no na lio koa. 

I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua hoʻomaka kēia mau kaulike ʻo lio lio, holoholona i hoʻololi i ka nahelehele, ma hope o ka pakele a hoʻokuʻu ʻia paha no kekahi kumu. ʻO nā pāpū ʻo ʻAmelika nui a me ka ʻole o nā mea kūlohelohe i hāʻawi i kāna hoʻonui wikiwiki. I kēia lā aia lākou i ka makaʻu o ka make.

nokota

ʻO ka lio Nokota a ka māhua o ka maroon a me ka semi-maroon equines i hoʻomaka ʻia ma nā ʻāina ʻino o Teodoro Roosevelt National Park.

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona o kēia lūlū ʻo ia wale nō kahi ʻO ka hulu roan-blue he mea maʻamau, ma ka hoʻohui i ka ʻeleʻele a me ka hina. I kekahi o nā laina hānau, uhi ʻia nā māka uhi e like me ka hulu keʻokeʻo ma ka helehelena a me nā ʻaoʻao.

nokota

ʻO nā kaulike mua mai kēia ʻano he holoholona hihiu i lilo i kaʻawale i ko lākou neʻe ʻana mai Dakota. 

He laha me a ka hiki ke hoʻololi i nā kūlana maikaʻi ʻole, agile a me ke akamai, nā hiʻohiʻona i kōkua iā ia e ola. ʻOiai he lāhui lākou i hoʻāʻo e hoʻopau. 

I kēia lā nā lio Nokota noho ma Teodoro Roosevelt National Park, noho me nā lio kahu i hoʻolauna ʻia i ka paka, a ma kahi pūnaewele o nā mahiā a me nā mahiʻai ma lalo o ka lima o ka Nokota Horse Conservancy (NHC). ʻO ka pahuhopu o ka NHC ka mālama ʻana i ka heluna Nokota maoli a kākoʻo i kēlā mau lio o ko Nokota kūpuna.

Pinto ʻAmelika

Hānau ʻia as "Lio o nā India" ʻoiai ʻo nā Indanc Comanche, a me nā Redskin nāna i koho i ka hoʻohana o kēia mau hiʻohiʻona no ko lākou nani a me ke kala, ko lākou hiki a me ke kūʻē nui.

mākia

I ka makahiki 1800, ua noho ʻia nā kula o ke komohana o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻāhiu hihiu o nā lio pinto, que ua lilo lākou i kumu no nā equine no nā Indians ʻAmelika. ʻO kēia mau ʻInia ʻAmelika lākou ua hoʻomaka lākou me ka hānau ʻana o kēia laha, ke ʻimi nei i nā mea hihiu loa a me nā ʻano ʻoi loa e keʻa me nā lio Sepania.

ʻO ka hopena nā lio paʻa, me nā mākala i wehewehe pono ʻia, ʻike ʻia e kahi poʻo liʻiliʻi a pālahalaha hoʻi, ka ʻāʻī lōʻihi a me nā wāwae pōkole a ikaika loa hoʻi. He mau lio lākou o ka ikaika a me ke kūʻē nui.

I kēia lā, hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o kēia mau lio i ke keʻa ʻana iā lākou me ka lāhui Quarter-Mile, e hoʻokiʻekiʻe aʻe i ko lākou hiki i ke kino i ka wikiwiki a me ke ahonui.

Polo Argentina

ʻO ka Lolo Polo Argentina he lāhui Equine i hoʻomohala ʻia ma Argentina no ka hana o Polo. Ua hoʻolauna ka ʻEnelani i ka polo iā ʻAtetina i 1890 e ka lawe ʻana mai i nā lio e pāʻani i kēia haʻuki. Ua lilo i mea makemake nui ka poʻe Argentina i kēia pāʻani. I ka 1920 mau makahiki he nui nā mea pāʻani kaulana i hoʻomaka e hoʻohana i nā lio Creole wale nō no kēia kumu. ʻO Polo Argentina Ua hānau ʻia ia mai ke keʻa o nā lio Pura Sangre de Carrera me nā lio kaiāulu.

Polo Argentina

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka Lio Polo Argentina ma muli o ia ke kūpaʻa nui a me ka wikiwiki, ma muli o kā lākou genetics a no ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa i loaʻa iā lākou. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻia nā lio Polo no kekahi mau makahiki ma mua o ka hiki ʻana i ke ʻano kūpono e pāʻani ai.

ʻO ka mea nui o ka hoʻoulu ʻana i kēia lāhui aia i ka wikiwiki a me ka dexterity, e waiho ana i nā ʻaoʻao nani. He mau hiʻohiʻona lākou kino wīwī, ʻāʻī lōʻihi a me nā lālā ikaika e kūpono no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kēia haʻuki.

Lio mauna pōhaku

ka "Pōhaku Pōhaku", e like me ka manaʻo e hōʻike nei, kumu o na Mauna Pōhaku o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.ma kahi o ka XNUMX kenekulia, ke kū mai kahi equine ʻōpio i nā ʻāina ma ka hikina o Ketucky, ʻo kēia hiʻohiʻona e hoʻomaka e kapa ʻia ʻo "lio o nā Pōhaku Pōhaku." aʻo ka mea e lilo i makuakāne o kēia lāhui i mahalo nui ʻia ma ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau.

Lio mauna pōhaku

Me ke kānalua ʻole, kekahi o ka mea koʻikoʻi o ka Mauna Pōhaku ʻo kona huluhulu. E like me ka mustang, kū lākou i waho no kahi kikoʻī i koho ʻia no ka laha, ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke uhi ʻaneʻane i kekahi kala paʻa i loko o ko lākou kapa. ʻO kēia kapa ʻōniʻoniʻo a nani a mākou e kuhikuhi ai ʻO nā aka kokoleka ma ke kino, ka mane blonde a me ka huelo huluhulu me nā kani kālā.

ʻO kekahi kumu e ʻike ʻia ai a kū ai paha kēia lāhui, me ka hoʻohui i kona ʻano maikaʻi, no ka leʻaleʻa o ka hui kanaka, i kahi mea i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā ʻīlio.

ʻAulana noho ʻAmelika

ʻO ka noho noho ʻAmelika a ʻAmelika paha. i kapa ʻia hoʻi ka noho noho ʻAmelika a i ʻole ʻAmelika, he ʻano lio i hoʻomaka ʻia ma United States. O ia ʻike ʻia he lio kauō maikaʻi. Aia ʻelua mahele o ka hōʻike: ʻo ia me ʻekolu mau ʻanuʻu (hele wāwae, trot a me canter) a me nā ʻanuʻu he ʻelima, kahi e hoʻohui ai i nā ʻanuʻu hele wāwae i loko o ka mahele i hala, pono mākou e hoʻohui i ka ʻūpā a me ka ʻanuʻu lohi.

ʻAmelika ʻAmelika

Me kahi kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 150 cm a me 160 cm, ʻo kēia ʻano hana ʻia e ke kaʻe ʻana iā Thoroughbreds, Standardbreds a me Morgans me nā wahine kūloko he paepae maʻalahi kā lākou. He mau aka kona i loko o ke kapakomo ʻokoʻa ma waena o ʻeleʻele, bay, brown, brown a hina hina.

ʻO ka noho Argentina

ʻO ka lāhui Argentina Silla, ua hoʻomaka e hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia i ka papa inoa Silla Argentino mai 1941, ma muli o ka nui o ka homogeneity i nā hiʻohiʻona i kū mai nā pipi i wae ʻia, me ka mea i hoʻomaka i ka heihei i wehewehe ʻia.

ʻO ka noho Argentina

Mai kēia laha hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokalakala i kona ʻano ʻeleu a me ke ola, kūpono loa no ka haʻuki a me kāna morphology. ʻO ia o ka hanana ikaika a kaulike, o ka nui o ka leo a me ke kaumaha. ʻO kona kapa, ʻoluʻolu a maʻalahi hoʻi, hiki ke lilo i ka chestnut, chestnut a i ʻole tordillo.

Walness ʻo Tennessee

ʻO ka lio holoholo Tennessee, i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka Lio Paso Tennessee, He ʻano lio ia i kū aʻe i ka hema o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO kēia ʻano lio ʻike ākea ʻia he kūpono no kekahi ʻano hana, mai ka huki ʻana i nā palau, ma ke ʻano he lawe. He lāhui maʻamau ia e noʻonoʻo ʻia e nā mahiʻai.

ʻO kekahi o nā mākau nui loa o ka Tennessee Walking, kou ʻanuʻu. Hana ʻia ka neʻe ʻana o ka holoholona e ka kuʻe lima. Hoʻopili ʻia lākou a me nā neʻe rhythmic, ke hāʻawi nei i ka mea hoʻoholo i kahi hōʻoluʻolu nui loa a ke hoʻoili nei i kahi neʻe liʻiliʻi loa iā ia.

Hele wāwae ʻo Tennessee

ʻO nā Narragansett Walkers o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Rhode Island, i ka ʻākau hikina o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa o ʻAmelika, aʻo nā lio Kanada nā kūpuna o kēia laha. No ka hana ʻana o Tennessee Walking, ua koho ʻia nā equines i hana ma nā mahiko. Ua loaʻa iā lākou nā ʻano o ka neʻe ʻana me ka maʻalahi ʻoiai ka ʻāina mauna, nā ʻano e hoʻoilinaʻi ai kā lākou poʻe mamo.

Lana koʻu manaʻo ua hauʻoli ʻoe i ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia ʻatikala e like me kaʻu kākau ʻana.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Paul coudenys ia

    ua nele kekahi mau lāhui ʻAmelika nui, e like me ka lio Azteca (Mekiko) ka Mangalarga Marchador (Brazil), Campolina (Brazil), Pantaneiro (Brazil), ka Colombian Creole, etc.