Just like us before practicing a sport we must stretch and move a little, the horse must do the same. Therefore, before starting our training session, we must prepare muscles of the horse to make that effort. It is very important to heat up at the beginning, and cool down at the end; Although, although there are a series of exercises designed to be carried out when warming up, when cooling down we can simply go at a more leisurely pace, lowering the heart rate. Still, it is advisable to perform exercises that stretch your muscles again, such as working at long reins.
After warming up, we will have a horse more receptive to our help, easier to handle, more attentive and more willing. This will help to complete the training in a satisfactory and profitable way, as well as favor the mental health of the horse and make it have better experiences with you.
El heating It must constitute, as we have already advanced, a fundamental part of the horse's day-to-day life, before starting the training and the most sacrificed exercises. To achieve this end, there are numerous exercises that, practiced during this training session, will help us avoid possible injuries.
- Long reins: Within the long reins exercises we include techniques such as "long and low", "low, deep and round" or "long, deep and round", as well as free reins. As we already know, help us to stretch the horse's neck, as well as its upper line, later helping its bend and positioning, and avoiding stiffness.
- Changes within the airs: This category includes lengthening and shortening, whether at a walk, trot or gallop. It allows you to introduce the horse to work, see how it is that day and warm up the muscles of the hindquarters and rump.
- Transitions: we must make many transitions between gaits, allowing the horse to find its balance and permeability, as well as keeping it alert and active.
- Side work: Concessions, a little back in, or rump in, are a good way to stretch the horse's muscles so that it bends with greater flexibility. The same amount should always be performed on both hands, so that the bodybuilding between them is not unbalanced.
- Circles: They are essential in warming up, since they help us with all of the aforementioned; both stretch the neck, as well as all the muscles on both sides of the horse. They also put the horse in your hand and help you gain contact with the embouchure. The horse is focused on work, and allows you to "check" its response to your leg, hand and trunk aids.