Izingxenye zehhashi

Amagama wezitho zomzimba zehhashi

Ihhashi lingesinye sezilwane ezinhle kakhulu akhona. Akumangazi ukuthi abantu bakhethe wena njengomuntu ozohamba naye amakhulu eminyaka. Umzimba wayo omuhle uyenza ihluke. Umzimba olula kodwa oyinkimbinkimbi.

Okulandelayo, sizokwenza imininingwane zonke izingxenye zehhashi, i-morphology yalo, njll

Ubukhulu behhashi

Njengezinye izilwane, cishe akunakwenzeka ukuthola izilinganiso ezijwayelekile zehhashi, ngoba lokhu kuncike ezintweni ezingenakubalwa: ukuzala, ubulili, isimo sempilo, njll. Kodwa-ke, ngokususelwe kulokho okuye kwabonwa futhi kwaseshwa emithonjeni ehlukahlukene yolwazi, sizokunikeza imininingwane ethile.

Ngokuya kokuphakama, i abesilisa balinganisa cishe amamitha ayi-1.42, ngenkathi i- abesifazane abangamamitha ayi-1.40. Uma sithuthela e-cinch, ku abesilisa bangamasentimitha angu-1.67 y abesifazane 1.68 amasentimitha. Ekugcineni, abesilisa banenduku engamasentimitha ayi-18.45 y abesifazane 17.9 amasentimitha.

Ukugaba ihhashi elinsundu

Sishintshe isithathu, njengoba umuntu angasho embizeni yokulwisana nezinkunzi, futhi sathuthela e-peso. Imvamisa, futhi njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, kunzima ukusungula indinganiso echaziwe. Lezi zilwane, iduna nensikazi, ngokuvamile zinesisindo esicishe sibe uhhafu wethani, cishe ama-450 kilograms.

Bese kuthi sibe namaponi. Kuleli qembu kukhona wonke amahhashi amancane. Kunezinhlobonhlobo, kepha iponi par ubuhle bungaba nokuphakama, kubalwa ikhanda hhayi kuphela ukuphakama, Amamitha angu-1.40.

Amathambo ehhashi

Isilwane esikhulu kangaka ngokunengqondo sinomzimba oyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu. Ihhashi linezibalo eziphezulu zamathambo, ncamashi 205.

Amathambo ehhashi

Umgogodla walesi silwane wakhiwe ngama-vertebrae angama-51, futhi ayinayo i-clavicles, ngakho-ke imilenze yayo inamathiselwe esiqwini yimisipha eqinile nemisipha ephethwe yi-scapulae. Lokhu kubonakala kuyabonakala futhi, imilenze kanye nezinselo.

Amahhashi awanawo amadolo, noma ngabe kubukeka sengathi anawo. Amadolo akhe akhiwa ilunga, elifana kakhulu nesihlakala somuntu. I- i-hock (i-anterior anterior to the hooves) isebenza ngendlela efanayo naleyo yeqakala lomuntu. Emilenzeni yangaphambili, i-ulna ne-radius zihlangane zakha ithambo elilodwa, ngendlela efanayo ne-tibia ne-fibula. Esinye isici ukuthi ihhashi alinawo amathambo endaweni engezansi yemilenze, kodwa linezicubu ezikhethekile (izicubu ezinama-horny) ezisebenza ukumunca imithelela eyenziwe izinselo.

Lesi sicubu esine-horny sitholakala nasendaweni yangaphandle yezinselo, siyamboza futhi siyenze imelane kakhudlwana. Okwamanje, ingaphandle lalezi zakhiwo linikezwe uqwanga nezicubu zegazi ezinjengezicubu zomzimba.

Ngokwamazinyo, amahhashi okungenani, Umlomo womlomo ongu-36. Kuzo zonke, I-12 ingama-incisors (ngaphambili), ukusebenza kwawo okungekho ngaphandle kokuluma nokudiliza utshani. Amanye ama-24 ahlukaniswe ngama-molars kanye nama-premolars (ngemuva), ezisetshenziselwa ukuhlafuna nokugaya ukudla, imifino ezimweni eziningi.

Unjani umzimba wehhashi?

Iso lehhashi

Uma kukhona okuthile okuphawuleka ngehhashi, kunjalo ikhanda. Lokhu kukhulu, kunamathambo avulekile, ikakhulukazi imihlathi. Phezulu kunebunzi elikhulu lapho izindlebe zihlala khona. Izindlebe ezincane kakhulu ngokulingana nomzimba wonke, futhi ezitholakala ezinhlangothini zombili, futhi ezihambayo, okuvumela ukwenziwa ngcono kokuzwa.

Kakade ekugcineni kwekhanda kukhona umlomo, ikhala nodebe (ekugcineni kwekhala).

Amehlo amakhulu nawo atholakala ezinhlangothini zombili zekhanda, okungezincane nakancane. Ukuba sezinhlangothini hhayi endaweni engaphambili, benza ihhashi libe nombono ohlangothini. Kakade ngemuva kwekhanda kuphumule i-nape.

Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi wonke umphambili wekhanda ubizwa esiphongweni.

Nayi ifayili le- intamo. Le ndawo ibuye ivelele futhi, ngaphezu kwakho konke, inemisipha kakhulu. Kuphakathi kwekhanda nokwaziwa ngokuthi isiphambano (indawo lapho intamo iphela khona, kuqala umkhawulo kanye nemiphetho yangaphambili). Ngaphambili kukhona umphimbo nangemuva kwe- isinwele sehhashi (isethi yezinwele ezinde ezihamba entanyeni).

Isiqu sakhiwa yi okhalweni (phezulu), i- pecho (etholakala ngezansi nje kwentamo, ngemuva kwekhanda futhi kungukuqala komzimba) kanye ne- iqembu (emuva kwehhashi). Isifuba, ikakhulukazi, kufanele sithuthukiswe kahle, njengoba isifuba esincane singafana nezinkinga zempilo njengokuphazamiseka emilenzeni yangaphambili.

Ngaphezu kwalezi ezibalulwe ngenhla, esiqwini somzimba kukhona nezinye izindawo eziningi njenge uhlangothi (indawo etholakala ngaphansi kokhalo, ikakhulukazi phakathi kobambo lokugcina nethanga), i- lungisa (okwenziwe izinhlangothi zesiqu) kanye ne- umama (isisindo semisipha esinemizila esigxila ngaphambili kwesifuba).

Imilenze nayo ingenye yezingxenye eziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu. Uma sihambela emilenzeni yangemuva, sine- ithanga (okungekho ngaphezu kwendawo engenhla yazo), i- haunch (ilunga elijoyina imilenze yangemuva ngezinqe noma okhalweni) kanye ne- izinqa (ingxenye enomzimba esendaweni ephezulu yangaphandle). Ngokwengxenye yabo, imilenze yangaphambili ibizwa ngemilenze.

Izintambo zehhashi

Emilenzeni kukhona i-hock (ingxenye yomlenze etholakala ngemuva kwedolo), i- vimba (etholakala phakathi kwethanga ne-kneecap), i- umhlanga (phakathi kwe-hock ne-fetlock), i- i-giblet (phakathi kukamoba nephasika), i- iphasika (okulingana ne-phalanx yokuqala) kanye ne isigqoko sokuzivikela (ungqimba lwendwangu ehlangene lapho imilenze iphela khona futhi yakhiwe ngesigqoko sokuzivikela nomqhele).

Lezi yizici nezici ze-morphological zamahhashi, okuthile okuthakazelisayo kubo bonke abathanda lesi silwane esimangalisayo, njengoba sishilo, sinesibalo esisinika ubuhle nobuhle obungashiyi muntu engenandaba.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.