Ihhashi lekota

Ikota yekota yemayela

Ihhashi lekota, noma iQuarter horse, liyi- Izinhlobo zamahhashi ezivela e-United States zilungele izinhlanga ezincane (amamitha ayi-400), ngazo zonke izinhlobo zemincintiswano nemibukiso ephathelene nama-rodeos futhi njengehhashi lenkomo. Kuluhlobo lwe-equine nezilwane ezibhaliswe kakhulu emhlabeni, ngaphezu kwezigidi ezi-4, lokhu kukwenza kube ngesinye sezidume kakhulu.

Kuthiwa ngaye uyihhashi lalabo bafana bezinkomo nabalimi abaphila futhi bafe begibele amahhashi abo. Ingabe simazi kancane?

Kanjani?

Amathambo aqinile, isisindo esinamandla semisipha futhi ubude obuphakathi kuka-142 cm no-163 cm, i-Quarter Horse inesifuba esibanzi nesinqe esiyindilinga. Ikhanda laso elincane elinephrofayili eqondile, linezindlebe ezimfushane nezishukumiseka kakhulu, kanye namehlo aphilayo alinika ukubonakaliswa kokuhlakanipha. Okuthile akuhlali ekubukekeni kuphela, ngoba kuthiwe ngabo bangaqagela izinhloso zomgibeli wabo ukwenza ukunyakaza okusheshayo endaweni elinganiselwe. Lokhu kwenza kube njalo i-cowboy equine ekahle, Hhayi kuphela ngekhono lakhe elihle lokugibela, kepha ngoba ngokungeziwe ku umgijimi oncomekayo emabangeni amafushaneube ne ukumelana okukhulu nokuhamba okude uma kunesidingo.

Kubuye kube yi- isilwane esihle kakhulu ukusebenza nemfuyo futhi lokho kune- umlingiswa ozolile, othanda ubudlelwano futhi ozwelayo kakhulu, uthanda ukuba nabantu kakhulu.

amahhashi amaningana amakota-mile

Amahhashi Ekota, bangaba cishe nanoma yiluphi uhlobo lombala wejazi. Singathola noma yimaphi amajazi ayisisekelo: amnyama, ansundu, ama-chestnut kanye ne-chestnut; izinhlobo ezahlukene ezihlanjululwe njengokhilimu, i-dun, i-champagne neparele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kokunye kuvela amaphethini wokubhonga kanye nowama-liart, noma amaphethini amachashazi, ake akhishwa ngaphandle futhi namuhla avunwa kulezo zinhlobo ezinohlobo olumsulwa olubonakalayo. Isendlalelo esivame kakhulu yi-saura noma i-sorrel (ngombala obomvu) ezinhlobonhlobo zayo «sorrel»Lokho kusho ukuthi ama-manes ombala ofana nezinwele zomzimba (kwabanye lokhu kuhlukahluka kuchaza ama-manes ageziwe, kepha akunjalo).

Amanani ngaphakathi kweKota ye-Mile ngokusetshenziswa kwawo

Ihhashi laseNtshonalanga («Uhlobo lwesitokwe»), Isetshenziselwa imincintiswano yokuqinisa, ukusika nokuhlukanisa, ukubopha ithole, ukuqinisa ukuhlangana, ukugoqa ukuqondisa, ukuba kube ukusikwa nokuhlukaniswa lapho lolu hlobo limi khona.

Khombisa ihhashi («Uhlobo lweHalter»), lapho kutholakala khona imisipha eyihaba, igcina ikhanda lincane futhi licwengisisiwe. Ukuphakama kuphakathi kuka-154 no-163 cm kanti isisindo singafinyelela kuma-546 kg.

I-Racehorse ("Uhlobo lomjaho nomzingeli"), Imvamisa zinobude obude nemilenze emide, kepha lapho zigqama khona kungukuhlangana okuqinile okubavumela ukushesha okuqhumayo. Imijaho ibanjelwa ngokusemthethweni ezinkundleni zemijaho ezinamabanga ayi-11, njengamanje amukelwa yi-American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), kusuka ku Amagceke angama-220 kuya kumayadi angama-870.

Umlando omncane wenu

Ngaphambi kokuqala ukukhuluma ngomsuka weKota Horse, sizobiza amagama sichaze kancane amanye amaqiniso omlando athinte, ngaphezu kwalawa ma-equines, inani elikhulu lezinhlobo zamahhashi zamanje.

Cishe phakathi kweminyaka engu-711 kanye no-726, ukuhlaselwa kwamaSulumane eNhlonhlweni Yase-Iberia kwenzeka. Kungaleso sikhathi-ke lapho izinhlobo ezimbili ze-equine ezinethonya elikhulu ekusungulweni kwezinhlobo ezintsha, zafika eYurophu: ihhashi lase-Arabia nele-Berber elivela eNyakatho Afrika. Bobabili banendima ebalulekile emahhashini aseSpain, ePortugal naseFrance.

Emakhulwini amaningi eminyaka kamuva, Ngo-1519, uHernán Cortés wafika eNew World enamahhashi angama-32, phakathi kwawo kwakukhona lawo avela eGuadalquivir Valley noma eMarshes namahhashi avela kuma-Arabhu nakumaBerbers. Indaba elandelayo yaziwa kancane, amanye amahhashi abaleka, baba ngamahhashi emaroni ayekhiqiza futhi esakazeka kulo lonke izwekazi. Izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zama-equine zavela kulawa mahhashi asendle njenge-Mustang.

Ngo-1800, amathafa asentshonalanga ye-United States ayegcwele imihlambi yamahhashi yasendle, umthombo wama-equine amaNdiya aseMelika, que Bafunda ukuzithambisa, baba ngabagibeli bamahhashi abaphambili, futhi baqala ukuzala amahhashi. Babengofakazi abahle futhi benza iziphambano ezahlukahlukene ukuthola amahhashi angcono empi nomsebenzi. Isibonelo esihle yihhashi le-pinto, elaziwa ngokuthi "Ihhashi lamaNdiya."

I-Quarter Mile Herd

Eminye imicimbi engokomlando eyayinethonya elikhulu eQuarter Mile kwakuyikoloni lamaNgisi nelaseFrance lezindawo ezisenyakatho. Ngokufika kwamaNgisi, asibhekiseli ekuletheni amaNgisi apheleliswe nabo, lowo mjaho wawungakabi bikho kanjalo.

EYurophu ngokujwayelekile, hhayi kuphela ENgilandiKwakungavamile ukuba namahhashi uma engacebile, njengoba ama-equine ayebiza kakhulu. Ngakho-ke, labo ababephethe lezi zilwane babizwa nge- "Knights", ababezisebenzisa futhi empini. Lawa ma-equine bekufanele angasekeli isisindo somgibeli wawo kuphela kodwa nezesibhamu sakhe, babengamahhashi amakhulu acishe afane nalawo abhalwa ngamahhashi. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kokufuduswa kwabo babenamanye amahhashi amancane njenge iConnemara yase-Ireland noma iGalloway yaseScotland. Lokhu, yize kunjalo abancane, babenjalo enemisipha, eqinile, enethezekile yokugibela ihhashi kanye nenhlamvu ethambile.

Elinye iphuzu okufanele likhunjulwe ukuthi iningi labahlali baseNgilandi babengabantu basemadolobheni befuna ikusasa elingcono nokuthi uma babenehhashi, kwakungolunye lwezomnotho.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, kukho konke lokhu, kufanele sengeze umkhawulo wokuthi amahhashi ohlobo lwamaNgisi, amahle, awakwazanga ukushiya izwe liye kuzala eNew World. Lo mkhawulo wawenzelwe ukuqinisekisa ukuhlanzeka kohlobo futhi kuyinto esasebenza nanamuhla kwamanye amazwe, njengamahhashi ase-Iceland.

A lawa mahhashi eza namaNgisi, Kwenzeke kubo okufana nokwabaseSpain, baphunyukile noma badedelwa futhi bajoyina imihlambi yamahhashi asendle esivele imisiwe.

Elinye iqiniso okufanele lishiwo ngu- AmaNgisi kunjalo Badlulisele uthando lwabo lokujaha amahhashi eMelika, lapho umjaho webanga elifushane wawusuvele udumile.

umjaho wekota wamahhashi

Ukuntuleka kwezinsizakusebenza kwenziwe imijaho yekota emfushane (Amamitha angama-402 cishe) ithandwa kakhulu, njengoba lokho kwakuyisilinganiso esijwayelekile semigwaqo yamadolobha amaningi, futhi nokwenza umjaho wamahhashi kwakudingeka kuphela ukuthi kuvunyelwane ukuthi uqale ekuqaleni komgwaqo futhi uphele ekugcineni kwawo.

Cishe ngo-1730, amakholoni anemali angenisa amahhashi amaNgisi Aqediwe ukuqhudelana nokuzala nama-mares aseMelika. Elinye lamahhashi adume kakhulu kwakunguJanus, umzukulu kaGodolphin Arabian, owazalwa ngo-1746 futhi wangeniswa eVirginia nguJohn Randolph ngo-1756.

Angeke ukusho lokho Janus kwakuyihhashi elasungula umjaho wamaQuarter-Mile, kodwa elakhe inzalo eyayihlangene futhi enamandla, yayizoba nomthelela omkhulu kulolu hlobo olusha.

Elinye ihhashi ebelibaluleke kakhulu kwaba Mnumzane archy, owazalwa ngo-1805, ozalo lwakhe lwaba nomthelela omkhulu ekuthuthukiseni umjaho wamaQuarter-Mile. ICooper Bottom, i-Steel Dust neShilo kuzoba yizingane lezo babenokubaluleka okukhulu njengoba kuyizitashi ukuthi basungule umjaho weQuarter Mile. Ngo-1844, kwafika i-Steel Dust eTexas kwathi eminyakeni embalwa kamuva kwafika uShililo, evela enyunyaneni yendodakazi yokuqala neyendodana yesibili, i-stallion Billy okuzovela kuyo iTexan Quarter Horses.

Kungaba ngokunembile eTexas kuphi Lolu hlobo lwamahhashi luyekile ukuba umjaho omfushane nje, futhi luzoba uhlobo oluzimele lwamahhashi angabelusi. Lapho, kulapho iQuarter Mile yaba negalelo elikhulu khona emhlabeni wemboni yezinkomo, ngobuchwepheshe bayo obukhulu ekuhlanganiseni izinkomo.

ikota ihhashi

Ngemuva kwempi yombango, kwaqala ukuvela izizinda zezinkomo. Ekuqaleni, izinkomo zaziqoqelwa endle, zahlanganiswa ndawonye zadluliselwa kumakhorali. Ukuhambisa le mihlambi enqamula enyakatho yezwe, basebenzisa ujantshi wesitimela eningizimu yeTexas. Ukufika kwe-Quarter Mile kwakuyingxenye yenguquko encane. Ama-cowboys athola umuzwa wokuthi lolu hlobo lwe-equine lunalo lokwenza umsebenzi emapulazini, ukubopha izinkomo nokwelusa izinkomo, ngaphezu kokuncintisana emijahweni njengoba bekwenziwa kuze kube manje.

Kule ngxube yezakhi zofuzo, kubonwe kuze kube manje, kufanele ungeze okukodwa ukuze uqede lolu hlobo olusha: i-mustang. Lawa mahhashi amahle asendle awelelwa nenzalo kaJanus noSir Archy, kwaqedwa iQuarter Race.

e 1940, iqembu labantu elihlobene namahhashi eningizimu-ntshonalanga ye-United States, kufaka phakathi abalimi nabafuyi, wasungula i-American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) ukugcina uhlu lozalo lwamahhashi akhe eCowboy Quarter.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.