Ihhashi le-Mustang

i-american mustang herd

Ama-Mustang noma ama-Mustang amahhashi asendle eNyakatho Melika. Ithathwa njengelinye lamahhashi amahle kunawo wonke emhlabeni nolunye lwezimpawu zase-United States, kepha ... Ubuwazi ukuthi imvelaphi yayo yiSpanish?

Uma sihlaziya igama ngokwegrama "Mustang" sikubonile lokho sivela ngqo egameni lesiCastilian elithi "mustang" incazelo yayo ichaza igama elithi Mesteño amahhashi endle futhi ngaphandle komnikazi. Lawa mahhashi, eCastile yekhulu le-XIII, kwenzeka ukuthi angawo wonke umuntu okwazile ukuwabamba.

Ekupheleni kwePleistocene ama-equine ayengasekho eNyakatho MelikaKodwa-ke, ngesikhathi kunqotshwa iMelika, abanqobi baseSpain baphinde baletha lesi silwane esihle kakhulu. Amanye ala mahhashi aphenduka ama-maroon (izilwane ezibalekayo noma ezilahlekile futhi ezifundelwe endle) futhi zazisakazeka kulo lonke izwekazi kusukela ngekhulu leshumi nesithupha leminyaka. Amathafa amakhulu aseMelika kanye nokungabikho kwezilwane ezidla imvelo kube nomthelela ekwandeni kwawo ngokushesha okukhulu.

Manje, bangobani okhokho bakho? I-Andalusian yenze kahle iSpanish, i-Arab noma i-Hispano-Arab. Kodwa-ke, amanye amafayela we- izifundo zakamuva ze-DNA, eyenziwa yiYunivesithi yaseCórdoba nozakwabo e-United States, baqinisekisa ukuthi ihhashi laseMelika i-Mustang livela ngqo emaHhashini eMarisma Yemvelo YaseDoñana.

Kunenganekwane ethi uChristopher Columbus, owayefuna ukusebenzisa amahhashi ase-Hispano-Arab ekunqobeni iNew World, wanikezwa ukushintshaniswa ngamanye amahhashi akhuliswa eduze kwaseSeville. Amahhashi aseMarsh mhlawumbe?

ihhashi le-mustang lasendle

Namuhla, i-Mustang isengozini yokuqothulwa, yize ukukhathazeka okukhulayo ngemvelo nezidalwa ezihlala kuyo, kusenza sibe nombono omuhle ngalolu daba. Kodwa-ke, kuyiqiniso ukuthi yize kuvikelwe futhi kuwuphawu lwaseMelika, inani lamahhashi e-mustang liyaqhubeka nokwehla. Isidingo sedlelo lemfuyo singesinye sezizathu ezisemqoka zokuthi kungani le nzalo yamahhashi eyaholwa ngabanqobi baseSpain, iqhubeka nokuzingelwa ezindaweni eziningi e-United States.

Iyini ihhashi le-Mustang?

Amahhashi anamuhla e-Mustang izinhlobo ezihlanganisiwe nezinamandla ezinokuphakama okuphakathi kuka-135 cm no-155 cm. Inhloko nentamo yayo nayo incane, ivumelaniswe nobukhulu bomzimba wayo. Yize engewona amahhashi amakhulu ngokukhethekile, anamandla nokukhuthazela kangangokuthi angabaleka amamayela ngaphandle kokuzikhandla.

Uhlobo oluqinile impela lokho kwazi ukujwayela ubunzima nokuphila emathafeni nasemadlelweni, kudla izitshalo zombili eziluhlaza nezihlahla ezinameva futhi ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuphuza amanzi amaningi. Abazange babekezelele isimo sezulu esibi, kusukela ebusika obungamakhaza kuya ehlobo elishisayo. Ama-Mustags avelele imisipha yakhe enkulu nokuzivumelanisa nezimo que ibavumela ukuthi basinde hhayi emathafeni amakhulu kuphela kepha kunoma yiluphi uhlobo lwendawo yaseMelika, kusukela endaweni eyomile kuze kufike ezintabeni kakhulu.

Ukubukeka kwabo kuvame ukunganakwa futhi okukhohlisayo, into ebanikeza ubuhle obukhethekile. Amajazi angahluka kakhulu, ukuthola noma yiluphi uhlobo lwethoni ngisho namajazi ama-pinto namabala. Noma, ihhashi i-Mustang, lingabonisa uhlobo lwe ijazi elithe xaxa: inhlanganisela ensundu enamathoni aluhlaza okukhanyisa ngokukhethekile.

i-american mustang herd

Cishe engahlanjululwa futhi ehlakaniphe kakhulu, lolu hlobo lwe-equine lunomlingiswa osheshayo futhi ozimele ngokuphelele. lokho kukusizile wasinda ezimweni ezingezinhle. Ziyizilwane ezingathembeki, okuthile okubalulekile ekusindeni kwazo kanye nokwomhlambi.

Okujwayelekile ukubhekwa njengelinye lamahhashi amahle kakhulu emhlabeni, akunjalo?

historia

Njengoba besivele simemezele ekuqaleni kwendatshana, ama-Mustangs, amahhashi asendle aseNyakatho Melika, awaqhamuki kuleli. Kukhona, noma kunjalo, amarekhodi ama-equine ayehlala emazweni aseNyakatho Melika eminyakeni eyizinkulungwane eyedlule, yize okwamanje engenayo inzalo eyaziwayo. Amahhashi avela eNyakatho Melika, agcina ephelile esikhathini esithile ngaphambi kokuphela kwePleistocene, okungukuthi, eminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-12.000 XNUMX edlule. Emakhulwini ambalwa eminyaka kamuva, Ngo-1492, abanqobi baseSpain bafika kulo Mhlaba Omusha begibele amahhashi abo, futhi ngokushesha amahhashi aphinda ahlala kulawo mazwe.

Amahhashi okuqala abizwa ngamahhashi akwaMustang ayeyinzalo yalaba baseSpain abafika eminyakeni edlule emabhishi aseFlorida naseMexico. Abanye abavela ehhashi lase-Arabia, abanye abavela e-Andalusian abahloliwe, noma njengoba ucwaningo lwamuva lwe-DNA lufakazela, kusuka kuCaballo de las Marismas. La mahhashi baba ama-maroon, asakazeka emathafeni nasezimfundeni, okwandisa ngokushesha inani labo labantu.

umhlambi we-mustang

Zimbalwa kulezi zidalwa ezabanjwa Abomdabu baseMelika, ukuthi babazi ukuthi bangawabona kanjani amandla nokumelana nalokho lenze lesi silwane saba yindlela enhle yokuhamba ikakhulukazi kepha futhi kubenze balungela inani elikhulu lemisebenzi ehlukile. Amahhashi abuye abe ngumlingani abawazisa kakhulu kangangokuba eza esikhundleni sezinja njengesilwane esihamba naso.

Esibalweni esikhulu semfuyo yasendle evelile, ukwanda kufanele kungezwe ngalawo mahhashi akhishwe ngabanikazi bawo, njengabafuyi bezinkukhu abawadedela ukuyofuna ukudla ebusika hhayi ukuthi bawagcine.

Ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-XNUMX, abalimi baseMelika babecabanga ukuthi kwakunenqwaba yamahhashi asendle nokuthi lokhu, kwengeza ekwandeni okuqhubekayo kwemihlambi, kubeka engcupheni ukudla kwemfuyo yabo. Ngakho-ke, baqala ukuzizingela. Kancane kancane isibalo samahhashi aseNyakatho Melika i-Mustang sancishiswa baze bafika ukuzizingela ngobuningi, okwenza lezi zinhlobo zibe sengozini ekupheleni kweminyaka engamashumi ayisithupha. Kwakunjalo impela eminyakeni engamashumi ayisikhombisa lapho E-United States Congress, kwaqaliswa umthetho owenqabela ngokuqinile ukuzingelwa kwama-equine futhi wababiza ngokuthi bayizinhlobo ezivikelwe. Ngenxa yalo Mthetho, inani lama-Mustang liyeke ukuncishiswa kakhulu.

ihhashi le-mustang

Ekupheleni kwekhulu lama-30.000, kwakukhona cishe ama-XNUMX Amahhashi akwa-Mustang eNyakatho Melika kanye nochwepheshe balinganisela ukuthi leli nani lizokwehla laya ku-10.000 XNUMX. Lokhu kwaxwayisa abaseMelika abaqala ukudala amaphrojekthi afana ne- "Adopt a horse" ngo-1973 eMontana, lapho kuzanywa khona ukugwema ukuzingelwa noma ukuzidela kwalezi zidalwa ezinhle kakhulu.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Andrea kusho

    NGITHANDA AMAHHashi KAKHULU KANYE LOLWAZI LONKE LUNGISIZE KAKHULU, KULE QUARANTINE NGIZOFUNA LONKE ULWAZI MAYELANA NAMAHHASI KULE webhusayithi. :)