Igciwane leNile fever emahhashini

igciwane

FUmkhuhlane weNayile emahhashini Kuyindlela ye- isifo segciwane, okubangelwa i-flavivirus eyaziwa njenge-West Nile Virus, futhi esebenzisa omiyane njengezimoto zokudlulisa. Yisifo esingaziwa namanje.

Izindawo ezisakazeka kakhulu ngegciwane yilezo lapho kukhona khona i- umiyane ophakeme nobuningi bezinyoni, ehambelana nezindawo ezinesimo sezulu esipholile futhi esinomswakama lapho kukhona ukuqoqana kwamanzi, njengezindawo ezingamaxhaphozi, ama-deltas emifula, namachibi, futhi lapho kukhona khona inqwaba yomiyane nezinyoni.


Idluliselwa kanjani

Omiyane bathola ukutheleleka ngokudla izinyoni ezinegciwane bese bedlulisela leli gciwane kwezinye izinyoni, izilwane, ngisho nakubantu. Ngakho-ke uba i-vector yalesi sifo. Lapho i- ihhashi lilunywa umiyane onaleli gciwane, igciwane lingena egazini lehhashi lisuka lapho, lingabi yilo elihlala kulo, liyanyamalala ngesikhathi esifushane kakhulu.

Umiyane osanda kutheleleka ungadlulisela leli gciwane kubantu nasemahhashini. Kokubili lokhu nabantu kuyabhekwa izivakashi ezifile ngoba, yize bethelelekile, abasisabalalisi lesi sifo. Amahhashi athelelekile akuyona ingozi kwamanye amahhashi.

Izimpawu

Phakathi kwezimpawu ezingabonakala kungukuthi ukulahlekelwa isifiso sokudla, ukudangala, izinguquko zokuziphatha, ukwehla komlomo ophansi, izinkinga zokugwinya, ukushintsha kobuso nokuzwela, ukwehla kokubona, ukugaya amazinyo, ubuthakathaka obujwayelekile. Yize ihhashi lingatheleleka ngaphandle kokubonisa izimpawu zomtholampilo. Akuvamisile ukuveza izithombe zomkhuhlane.

Alukho uhlobo oluthile lokwelashwa komkhuhlane weNile. Kumele umane uzikhulule izimpawu ngokunikeza induduzo. Kancane kancane ihhashi lizolulama.

Prevención

Indlela engcono yokuvimbela ihhashi ekuthintekeni yigciwane leNayile ukuvimbela. Owokuqala yi- ukugoma. Yibe usugwema ukuvezwa ezindaweni ezivame omiyane. Cukubekwa kwamanethi omiyane ezindaweni ezivalekile kanye nokusetshenziswa kwezibulala-zinambuzane.

Gwema ukunqwabelana kwamanzi amile ngoba ingumthombo oyinhloko womiyane wokuzala. Futhi ikakhulukazi ngezikhathi zonyaka lapho omiyane banda kakhulu, amasokisi kufanele aphindwe kabili ukuwavimbela ekutheleleni nasekulumeleni ihhashi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.