Amavithamini nezakhi zomzimba zamahhashi

amavithamini nezakhi zomzimba zamahhashi

Emhlabeni wezilwane, uhlobo ngalunye lwezinhlobo ludinga iminikelo elinganiselayo yezakhamzimba ukuze ikhule kahle, ukuze ikwazi ukwenza imisebenzi yansuku zonke futhi, ekugcineni, ube nempilo enhle. Amahhashi ahlukile futhi adinga ukudla kwawo amavithamini kanye nezinye izakhi zomzimba ukuze abe nempilo.

Uma sikhuluma ngezakhamzimba sibhekisa ezingxenyeni ezithile ezibalulekile njengamaprotheni, amaminerali, amanzi, ifayibha, amavithamini, njll. Lezi zakhi zomzimba zivamise ukufinyelela esilwaneni ngokudla, ngakho-ke ukudla okunomsoco kubalulekile.  

Ake sibone ukuthi yiziphi ezibalulekile kuma-equines ethu.

Amavithamini

Emakethe singathola inani elikhulu lezithako zamavithamini zamahhashi. Kodwa-ke, ngaphambi kokuqala ukuzinikeza izilwane zethu, kubalulekile ukusazisa ngezakhi zazo, ukuthi zenzelani nokuthi ihhashi lethu liyazidinga ngempela yini.

I-Las amavithamini yizona izakhamzimba ezithengiswa kakhulu uma zisebenzisa izithasiselo, lokhu kungenxa yokuthi kunjalo okuhlobene nokuncipha okukhulu kwezifo emahhashini. Kepha, ngaphezu kokuba ngumthengisi othengisa kakhulu, iyona esetshenziswa kakhulu.

Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuqaphela lokho ngokudla okunomsoco akufanele kudingeke ukuthi ukhethe izithasiselo ngaphandle kwezimo ezithile noma kwezinye izikhathi zomsebenzi omkhulu noma ukuzivocavoca umzimba. Uma isilwane sethu sidinga ukunikelwa okwengeziwe, njengomthetho ojwayelekile, kuzobonakala ngandlela thile. Futhi esimweni sokufuna ukunikeza isengezo silindele ukwanda kokuvivinya umzimba noma komsebenzi wehhashi lethu, kungcono thintana nochwepheshe bezilwane ngaphambi kokuzethula thina ngokwethu ukuphatha izithasiselo, ngoba amavithamini amaningi noma izakhamzimba ezithile zingaba yingozi. 

Amavithamini ayizinhlanganisela ezingokwemvelo esingazithola zihlukaniswe ngamaqembu amabili ngokuncibilika kwawo: okuncibilikayo okunamafutha noma okuncibilikayo okunamafutha (Amavithamini A, D, E no-K) kanye nokuncibilika kwamanzi noma okuncibilikiswa ngamanzi (Vitamin C, of Iqembu B nabanye). Ezokuqala zinokususwa okuhamba kancane futhi zingagcinwa ngamafutha omzimba, kuyilapho lezi zokugcina zisuswa ngokushesha ngomchamo, okwenza zingabi nobuthi kangako.

Kulungile manje Yimaphi amavithamini adingekayo ukugcina impilo nokusebenza kwamahhashi?

Ukudla kwamahhashi

I-Vitamin A

Le vithamini yaziwa kakhulu ngayo indima ebalulekile embonweni, kodwa futhi, kubaluleke kakhulu ekwahlukaneni kwamaseli, ekukhiqizweni kwamathole, umbungu, ukuzalwa nokukhula futhi, sengathi konke lokhu bekunganele, kuyangenelela ekuphenduleni komzimba ekulweni nezifo. 

Kubalulekile ukuthi unake ukwedlula le vithamini kuyingozi emathanjeni, ukubenza babe brittle, futhi kubangela i-teratogenesis nokuqothulwa kwe-epithelia. 

Njengoba sikwazi ukubona, konke kuhle ngesilinganiso sako esifanelekile, yingakho kubalulekile ukuthi kuqinisekiswe ukuthi sizinikeza nini futhi nini izilwane zethu futhi sibonisane nabachwepheshe.

Uvithamini A ungatholakala ekudleni okuthile okufana ne-pro-vitamin A (retinol, beta-carotene) oke wangeniswa kuguqulwa kube uvithamini A. Lokhu kudla kuyizifolishi ikakhulukazi uma kuluhlaza.

Vitamin B1

Futhi kubizwa thiamine, kunjalo kubalulekile ukusikwa kwemisipha ngakho-ke ihlobene ne-carbohydrate metabolism. Ukushoda yale vithamini kungafaka ukungahambisani kwemisipha, ukundindizela, ukungathandi ukudla nokuthi lokho kubandakanya ukulahlekelwa isisindo.

Itholakala kuphi le vithamini? Kokusanhlamvu okuningi futhi ikakhulukazi kwimvubelo yebhiya.

Izitshalo

Vitamin B2

Ebizwa nangokuthi iRiboflavin, yivithamini leyo Kubandakanyeka ekusebenzeni kwamandla kagesi kanye nezindlela zokuvikela i-antioxidant.

Kuyiqiniso ukuthi emahhashini azikho izimpawu ezithile ezibangelwe ukushoda kwazo eziye zaziswa, kepha kube nezimo ze-conjunctivitis njengesinye sezimpawu.

Singabathola ku- ukuhlushwa okukhulu ngemidumba, isibonelo esihle i-alfalfa, futhi nakwezinye okusanhlamvu yize kukuhlushwa okuncane.

I-Vitamin C

Uvithamini C noma i-ascorbic acid kubalulekile emisebenzini ye-antioxidant Njengoba ivikela izicubu zokuphefumula, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuvimbela izifo zokuphefumula nokunciphisa ukukhathala ekuzivocavoca umzimba.

Amahhashi angafaka le vithamini ku-glucose.

Kuyathakazelisa ukunikeza izithasiselo zalawa mavithamini lapho amahhashi ethu eseneminyaka engaphezu kwengama-20 ubudala, enezinqubo zokuphefumula eziphazamisayo noma imisebenzi ethile.

Vitamin D

Le vithamini isiza ukwenziwa, ukulawulwa kanye nokukhishwa kwezinso kwe-calcium ne-phosphorus, ngaphezu kokuhlanganiswa kwawo womabili amathambo.

Ukushoda yale vithamini kungaholela ekushoneni kwamathambo ngenxa yokushoda kwe-calcium ne-phosphorus. Ngenkathi ukweqisa kungadala ukubalwa kwezicubu ezithambile.

Le vithamini ingahlanganiswa yisikhumba samahhashi ngemuva kokuvezwa yilanga.

Uma inikezwa kuma-supplements, kulula ukuthi inikezwe nge-calcium ne-phosphorus ngesilinganiso sezingxenye ezi-1.5 kuya kwezi-2 ze-calcium kuya ku-1 ye-phosphorus.

inkonyane elangeni

Vitamin E

Yaziwa kakhulu nge umsebenzi we-antioxidant. Le vithamini ivikela ama-lipids wezingqamuzana zamaseli nemisipha, okuwavimbela ekutheni angangeni. Iphinde ingenele ekuphenduleni kwamagciwane kanye nasetabolism yamandla. Ngakho-ke kuyasiza ukunciphisa ukuqina futhi kunjalo kunconyelwe ukuncintisana kwamahhashi.

Ukushoda uvithamini E kungadala izifo ezahlukahlukene njengesifo semisipha emhlophe ematholeni noma isifo somgogodla esiwohlozayo.

Sikutholaphi? ezinhlotsheni eziningi zokudla njengotshani obusha, amafolokhwe aluhlaza ekugxileni okuphezulu, nasekugxileni okuncane okusanhlamvu. Izitshalo zinezinga eliphakeme le-vitamin E lapho zincane.

UVitamin E, kanye ne-selenium, kungalawulwa ukuvimbela ukonakala kwe-oxidative kumaseli.

Kumele sikhumbule ukuthi i-selenium ingaba nobuthi, kepha ngenxa yalokhu kuzofanele sinikeze isilwane sethu izinsuku ezimbalwa nenani eliphakeme. Ngakho-ke kunzima ukwenza ihhashi lidakwe. Noma ngayo yonke into, futhi sizoyiphinda kaningi kuyo yonke i-athikili, ukhiye usekulinganisweni kokudla kwesilwane kanye nezithasiselo ezinikezwa uma kunesidingo.

Uvithamini K

Le vithamini Isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwamaseli abomvu egazi, ngenqubo yokujiya, kuyaziwa nangokuthi lokhu njengevithamini elwa nokopha.

Kuyaqabukela kakhulu ukuthola ukushiyeka kwaleli vithamini ngakho-ke asikwazi ukukhuluma ngemiphumela yalo.

Amafolishi anenani elikhulu lokuhlushwa yale vithamini yize ingatholakala nasezinhlamvwini.

ifolishi

Amaminerali

Amaminerali elinye lamaqembu abalulekile ezakhamzimba adingwa ama-equine ethu. Ziyadingeka ekukhuleni kwamathambo nentuthuko, ngaphezu kwalokho, zibhekene nokujikeleza okufanele.

Amaminerali abalulekile ekudleni kwamahhashi ethu yilena:

  • Calcio, ukuba nesakhiwo samathambo namazinyo aqinile nokwenza imisebenzi efanele egazini nasemisipheni.
  • I-sodium chloride, abalulekile uketshezi lomzimba kanye negazi.
  • I-Cobalt, ukuhlanganiswa kwamavithamini b12.
  • Copper, eyisisekelo kanye nensimbi.
  • Iphosphorus, ukuthola ibhalansi efanelekile ye-calcium nokulungisa izicubu.
  • hierro, ekwakhekeni kwe-hemoglobin. Qaphela njengoba ukusetshenziswa okungafanele kwezithako zensimbi kungaba yingozi.
  • Iodine, isiza ukusebenza kahle kwe-thyroid.
  • magnesium, ithoni yemisipha kanye nokukhula okulungile kwamathambo.
  • Manganese, ibalulekile emsebenzini wokuzala kanye nasekwakhiweni kwethambo.
  • Potassium, kubalulekile kumaseli abomvu egazi namaseli emisipha, kanye ne-carbohydrate metabolism.

Ungazi kanjani ukuthi ihhashi lethu lidinga ukunikezwa kwamavithamini?

Okokuqala kukho konke ukubheka ukudla kwesilwane sethu, sihlaziye ukuthi sidlani nokuthi sinikeza umsoco onjani. Ukufeza lokhu, sizobheka imininingwane yokudla okunikezwe ngumkhiqizi wokuphakelayo, sibheka okuguquguqukayo kobulili, usayizi, ubudala, njll. kwe-equine ngayinye.

Uma ukudla okunikezwe i-equine yethu kulinganisiwe, kungenzeka kakhulu ukuthi ayidingi mnikelo owengeziwe ngaphandle kwezikhathi ezibaluleke kakhulu kusuka ekusebenzeni kanzima, ukuzivocavoca umzimba okuningi noma izinkinga zempilo.

Ukudla kwamahhashi

Ayikho iphethini evumelekile yamahhashi, njengoba isilwane ngasinye sihlukile futhi sinezimo nezidingo ezihlukile. Ngalesi sizathu, sigcizelela ukubaluleka kokubonisana nodokotela wezilwane okhokhelwayo.

Uma singancoma ezinye imihlahlandlela ejwayelekile: 

para ezemidlalo amahhashi, Isibonelo, yena ukudla okunamavithamini kufanele kube kuphelele kakhulu.

En amahhashi ngokuvamile asesitebeleni, izakhamzimba abazithola ngotshani ne-alfalfa zivame ukungasebenzi kahle. Kulezi zimo, ukuphakelwa okwengeziwe kwamavithamini kunganconywa kakhulu.

Okwezingane kuyadingeka ukuthi babe nokudla okubanikezayo amavithamini A, C no-D ngaphezu kwe-calcium ne-phosphorus. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ku amahhashi amadala, ngaphezu kwamavithamini amathathu edlule, i-zinc iyadingeka kakhulu.

I-Los amahhashi angadla ngokukhululeka awavame ukudinga izengezo ezingeziwe ngaphandle kwesikhathi esithile somncintiswano noma somsebenzi.

idlelo lehhashi

Iphutha elijwayelekile livame ukunikeza isengezo ukuxazulula inkinga ethile efana ne-biotin yezigqoko zokuzivikela. Kodwa-ke, zonke izakhamzimba ziyasebenzisana njengoba zisebenza ngokubambisana. Yingakho sigcizelela ukubaluleka kokudla okufanele futhi okulinganiselayo. Futhi, uma kudingeka izengezo ezingeziwe, khetha ngaphambili izinketho ezisinika inhlanganisela yamavithamini namaminerali.

Futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke, ungaphazami ngokunikeza ihhashi lethu ukungezelelwa okwengeziwe njengoba sibonile ukuthi kungaba yingozi.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UJose Antonio kusho

    Ngifuna uvithamini wamahhashi, anemizimba emincane futhi abuthakathaka, nginehhashi elinengane elincane nelikhulelwe.