Amahhashi aseMelika: izinhlobo eziyinhloko

. amahhashi aseMelika

Ngaphambi kokukhuluma ngezinhlobo zamahhashi aseMelika, ake sithathe imivimbo emfushane emlandweni wama-equines eMelika. Kuyaziwa ukuthi ku umlando wokuqala, ngesikhathi sePleistocene kwakukhona amahhashi omdabu cishe kuyo yonke iMelika, nokuthi indawo ehambelana nesifunda sasePampean yayicebe kakhulu kulezi zilwane.

Kepha ukufika komuntu esikhathini esingaphezu kweminyaka eyi-11.000 edlule kubukeka kube ngesinye sezici ezinqumayo ku ukuqothulwa kwe-equine Abomdabu baseMelika. Kungaba yisikhathi eside kamuva, ngesikhathi sokunqotshwa kweMelika, lapho abanqobi baseSpain baphinde baletha lesi silwane esihle kakhulu esabalele kulo lonke izwekazi kusukela ngekhulu le-XNUMX. Kancane kancane, amahhashi avela kwamanye amazwe afana neNgilandi noma iFrance, ayesefika eMelika futhi, jKanye nezinkomo zaseSpain ezazivele zihlala ezweni laseMelika, kwakwakhiwa izinhlobo ezintsha; Izinhlobo zamahhashi aseMelika.

Okusalungiswa kwe-American Cream

I-American Cream Draft, yiyona okuwukuphela kohlobo lwehhashi olubhalwayo olwenziwe e-United States olukhona namuhla. Iyaziwa ngesici sayo uboya obukhilimu noma i-champagne yegolide, neyayo amehlo amber.

Okusalungiswa kwe-American Cream

Umthombo: youtube

Ngokusetshenzwa komsebenzi wokulima, izinhlobo zalolu hlobo zancipha kakhulu emashumini ambalwa eminyaka ngaphambi kowe-1982, lapho kutholakala ukuthi uhlobo lwalungalahleka. Kusukela lapho ibilokhu ikhula inani lama-American Cream Draft abhalisiwe lilingana (irejista yohlobo lwenziwa ngo-1944), noma kunjalo kuseyinombolo ephansi.

I-Appaloosa

Kuthathwa njengelinye lamahhashi amahle kakhulu emhlabeni ukuhamba amabanga amade, ihlukaniswa kalula yi- uboya obunamabala Inezindawo ezimnyama ezifakwe esikhunjeni esibomvana futhi iba nomphumela esikhunjeni esinezinqa.

Ngokuya ngocwaningo lwemivubukulo, kuthiwa lokhu uhlobo luvela ezwenikazi lase-Asia futhi lwethulwa eMelika ngabaseSpain kusuka cishe ku-1519.

I-Appaloosa

Igama "I-Appaloosa" ivela emfuleni iPalouse, ukuthi anqamula emazweni amaNdiya aseNez Perce. Laba bantu bendabuko yibo abathola isimilo esihle, izikhulu, amandla nokuguquguquka okukhulu kwalezi zingubo ezinejazi elinamabala anjalo. Kwakuyihhashi elifanele lemisebenzi kaNez Perce, njengokuzingela noma impi, futhi ngenxa yalesi sizathu baqala ukuzizala nokuzithambisa.

Kusukela esiphambanweni esiphakathi kwehhashi i-Appaloosa nehhashi lase-Arabia, kuvela i-AraAppaloosa. Abanye Ukumelana okuphezulu kulingana okulingana kakhulu namahhashi wezinkomo, emincintiswaneni yethrekhi nasekugaseleni.

Ngokuphakama okuphakathi kuka-142 cm no-152 cm, lolu hlobo oluvela e-Appaloosa lunalo amafomu acwengekile nezimo zohlanga lwama-Arabhu, enekhanda elincane, umsila ophakeme nokunyakaza okunomusa, kodwa ngaphezu kwalokho, inengubo enemibala ye-Appaloosa. I-AraAppaloosa ilula futhi icwengisiswe kakhulu kune-Appaloosa okuningi kohlobo lwe-Quarter Horse.

Ihhashi leBuckskin

Ihhashi leBuckskin li Izinhlobo zaseMelika okwamanje ezifuywa ikakhulukazi kulokho okubhekwa njengendawo evela kuyo: California. Luhlobo oluqinile, oluqinile futhi olungazweli, olulungele kakhulu umsebenzi we-cowboy.

IBuckskin

Zilingana ngobude obuphakathi kuka-145 cm no-155 cm, womzimba icwecwe futhi ilinganisiwe, enezimo eziyindilinga. Inezitho zomzimba ezimfushane nezizacile, yize imelana kakhulu.

Uboya babo buvame ukuba nemibala ephuzi nebomvu, ngokuba ingubo yakhe yekhanda ikhanya ngokukhanyayo. Isici seBuckskin ukuthi banayo umsila nomhlwenga omnyama, futhi Umugqa, ngokuvamile kulungile, futhi emnyama igijima yehle ngomhlane isuke ekubuneni iye emsileni.

Ihhashi lesiCreole

Ihhashi lesiCreole liyi uhlobo lwe-equine isici seSouthern Cone kepha sisatshalaliswa kuwo wonke amazwe aseMelika, yize ithuthuke ngokuhlukile ezweni ngalinye laleli zwekazi. Njalo ngonyaka kunabaningi abayikhulisayo, bayisebenzisela imisebenzi enzima yasensimini nangezikhathi zabo zokungcebeleka.

Ihhashi lesiCreole

Izizwe zaseningizimu yeChile nendawo yase-cordilleran zaya emathafeni asempumalanga zihehwa amahhashi asendle ahlala kuwo, zaqala ukuwayisa emazweni awo ukuwafuya ngendlela yawo. Lawa ma-equines aguqukele ukuzivumelanisa nemvelo abebehlala kuyo futhi awela nezinye izinhlobo aze athola ihhashi lamanje lesiCreole. Ziyizilwane ezingama-rustic, ezinamandla amakhulu nemisipha ezingaba cishe nanoma yiluphi uhlobo lwejazi.

Uhlobo lwamahhashi aseCreole lwaluzolahleka ukuzalanisa kwabo kunganakwa lapho kufika ama-equine amasha, ukusetshenziswa okusha, njll. Kepha Ngo-1910, iChilean Horse Breeders Section yadalwa eChile, kwaqala ukululama ngaphansi komlando wohlu lozalo lwehhashi lokuqala lesiCreole.

Ihhashi Langaphandle Lamabhange

Ihhashi lama-Outer Banks liwuhlobo lwe Ihhashi lasendle que uhlala eziqhingini zama-Outer Banks aseNyakatho Carolina. Imihlambi ingatholakala e-Ocracoke Island, eShackleford Banks, eCurrituck Banks, naseRachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary.

Ihhashi lamabhange angaphandle

Izizukulwane zamahhashi aseSpain, kuwuhlobo lwamahhashi olungaba yindlala ngemuva kokusinda ekuphahlazekeni komkhumbi noma ukushiywa noma ukuphunyuka kolunye uhambo olwaluholwa nguLucas Vázquez de Ayllon noma uSir Richard Grenville.

Bangamahhashi mncane, uqinile futhi uyashesha ngesimilo que Bazivumelanisa nempilo eziqhingini futhi babhukuda phakathi kwabo befuna amanzi ahlanzekile notshani obusha.

Ihhashi lasePeruvia lasePeru

Ihhashi lasePeru lasePeru i ubuhlanga bomdabu, njengoba igama liphakamisa, kusuka ePeru. Kuzala eyaziwa iminyaka engaphezu kwamakhulu amane nokuthi ubekhula kwamanye amazwe aseNingizimu Melika afana neColombia noma iPuerto Rico, nase-United States.

ihhashi le-peruvian paso

Ngokuphakama okuzungeze i-145 cm, sibhekene ne- Ihhashi eliphakathi nendawo kuya kwelincane, elinomzimba ohlangene, obanzi futhi onemisipha kakhulu. Izitho zabo zomzimba, yize zimfushane, ziqine kakhulu. Intamo, ilinganiswe kahle nawo wonke umzimba, iphelela ekhanda elibanzi nelisicaba elinamehlo azwakalayo.

Noma singathola cishe zonke izinhlobo zezendlalelo, umbala we-chestnut kanye ne-chestnut ubusa kakhulu eboyeni babo.

I-Quarter Mile

El Ihhashi lekota noma ihhashi lekota, wuhlobo lwamahhashi odabuka e-United States ilungele ikakhulukazi imijaho emifushane, ikakhulukazi leyo engamamitha angama-402 ukusuka lapho ithola khona igama layo. Kuthiwa yihhashi lalabo bafana bezinkomo nabalimi abaphila futhi bafe begibele amahhashi abo. Ukuba i-equine evelele njengehhashi le-cowboy nakuzo zonke izinhlobo zemincintiswano nemibukiso ehlobene nama-rodeos.

Uhlobo lwehhashi olunezilwane ezibhaliswe kakhulu emhlabeni, ezingaphezu kwezigidi ezi-4, lokhu kuyenza ibe olunye lwezinhlobo zamahhashi ezithandwa kakhulu.

Ikota yekota yemayela

Ama-Quarters akhona mancane (aphakathi kuka-143 cm no-160 cm) nama-stout, anokwakhiwa kwemisipha nesifuba esikhulu nesibanzi. Banayo eyodwa ezemidlalo ezinkulu namandla omsebenzi, ukuduma ngokuqala kwazo okusheshayo, ikhono lazo ngokushintshana nokuma, ijubane lazo emabangeni amafushane, ubuhlakani bazo nokuziphatha okuhle.

Morgan

Uhlobo lukaMorgan Olunye lwezinhlobo zokuqala zamahashe ezenziwa e-United States. Ngakho-ke, ithonye izinhlanga eziningi zakuleli, njenge-Quarter horse, iTennessee Walking Horse noma i-Standardbred Horse. Yini enye, yathunyelwa emazweni amaningi phakathi nekhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX. Kokubili e-United States, njengaseYurophu nase-Oceania, lolu hlobo luye lwakhuliswa futhi lwakhiwa. Ngo-2005, kulinganiselwa ukuthi amahhashi angaphezu kuka-175.000 kaMorgan alinganiselwa emhlabeni wonke.

Isihlalo sikaMorgan American

Uhlobo lukaMorgan lujwayelekile ezifundeni zaseVermont naseMassachusetts. Imayelana nama-equines icwecwe futhi yahluzwa ngoboya, ngokujwayelekile, mnyama noma nsundu, yize bengakwazi ukwethula izendlalelo ezahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi iphenti. Bakhulu kakhulu aziwa ngokuguquguquka kwawo okukhulu futhi asetshenziswe emikhakheni ehlukahlukene. Futhi kwakungamahhashi empi phakathi neMpi Yombango yaseMelika.

Njengoba sesibonile nge-Appaloosa, lapho uwela iMorgan ngehhashi lase-Arabia kuvela i-equine entsha iMorab. Ngenhloso yokwakha uhlobo lwamahhashi alula obekwazi nokwenza umsebenzi wasepulazini, baqala ukweqa lezi zinhlobo ezimbili. Kusuka ku-1880. Kwakungeke kuze kube ngo-1973 lapho kubhaliswa khona ihhashi lokuqala laseMorab, ngaphambi kwalolu suku babhaliswa kubhaliso lweMorgan.

Ukuhlanganisa ubuhle namandla, uMorab wamanje kakhulu ilungele imincintiswano yombukiso ngokuheha kwayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, nge Isimilo esihle iyi-equine enhle yokugibela ezokungcebeleka futhi njengehhashi lomsebenzi olinganiselayo.

Mustang

Vele, azikwazi ukulahleka amahhashi asendle eNyakatho Melika: I amadevu noma amadevu. Lolu hlobo lwe-equine lubhekwa njengenye ye- enhle kakhulu emhlabeni. Ezingqimbeni zabo, bangeza izinhlobo eziningi zemibala, kepha, sijazi elinobuntu kakhulu nguyena Ixuba amathoni ansundu namathoni aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, okunika isilwane ukukhanya okuhlukile. Leli jazi lingesinye sezici zobungcweti ezibaluleke kakhulu kulawa ma-equine.

Mustang

Zibongwa kakhulu ngokumelana kwazo okukhulu namandla, zingama-compact specimens anokuphakama okuphakathi kuka-135 cm no-155 cm. Kwakhe umlingiswa ongenamqondo futhi ozimele ngokuphelele kuyisici samahhashi asendle. 

Eqinisweni, lawa ma-equine aqala njenge amahhashi amakhulu, izilwane ezijwayele zasendle, ngemuva kokuphunyuka noma ukukhishwa ngasizathu simbe. Amathafa amakhulu aseMelika kanye nokungabikho kwezilwane ezidla imvelo kube nomthelela ekwandeni kwawo ngokushesha okukhulu. Namuhla basengozini yokuqothulwa.

UNokota

Ihhashi lakwaNokota li uhlobo lwe-maroon kanye ne-semi-maroon equines eyavela ezindaweni ezimbi zaseTeodoro Roosevelt National Park.

Isici salolu hlobo ukuthi kungukuphela kwaso okukhona kuso uboya obuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka buvame kakhulu, ngaphezu kokumnyama nokumpunga. Izimpawu ze-Coverall ezifana noboya obumhlophe zingatholakala nakwezinye imigqa yokuzala ebusweni nasemikhawulweni.

UNokota

Ama-equine okuqala avela kulolu hlobo kwakuyizinkomo zasendle ezazihlukanisiwe njengoba zazisuka eDakota. 

Luhlobo olune- ukuzivumelanisa nezimo okukhulu ezimweni ezimbi, beshesha futhi behlakaniphile, izici ezikusizile ukuthi zisinde. Njengoba bewumjaho abazama ukuwuqeda. 

Namuhla amahhashi akwaNokota uhlala eTeodoro Roosevelt National Park, ukuhlala namahhashi afuywayo okwethulwe ngamabomu epaki, nakuxhaxha lwamapulazi kanye namapulazi ngaphansi kwesandla seNokota Horse Conservancy (NHC). Inhloso ye-NHC ukugcina inani lokuqala labantu baseNokota futhi ixhase lawo mahhashi okhokho bakwaNokota.

I-American Pinto

Wazalwa njengo "Ihhashi lamaNdiya" ngoba kwakungamaNdiya aseComanche, kanye namaRedskins akhetha ukusetshenziswa kwalezi zinhlobo ngobuhle nombala wazo, ikhono lawo nokumelana okukhulu.

pinto

Ngo-1800, amathafa asentshonalanga ye-United States ayehlala abantu imihlambi yasendle yamahhashi e-pinto, ukuthi baba umthombo wama-equine kumaNdiya aseMelika. Kungaba amaNdiya aseMelika lawo baqala ngokuzalaniswa kwalolu hlobo, Ngifuna i-wildest futhi enezici ezinhle kakhulu ezizowelwa ngamahhashi aseSpain.

Umphumela waba amahhashi ahlangene, anemisipha echazwe kahle, ebonakala ngokuba nekhanda elincane futhi eliyisicaba, intamo ende futhi imilenze emifushane futhi enamandla kakhulu. Kwakungamahhashi yamandla amakhulu nokumelana.

Namuhla, amaningi ala mahhashi athuthukiswa ngokwezakhi zofuzo ngokuweqa nohlobo lweQuarter-Mile, ukuqhubekisela phambili amandla abo ngokomzimba ngejubane nokukhuthazela.

Ipolo yase-Argentina

I-Polo Horse yase-Argentina uhlobo oluthile lwamahhashi olwenzelwe e-Argentina ukwenza iPolo. AmaNgisi aletha ipolo e-Argentina ngo-1890 ngokungenisa amahhashi azodlala lo mdlalo. Ngokushesha ama-Argentina awuthanda lo mdlalo. Ngawo-1920 abadlali abaningi abadumile baqala ukusebenzisa kuphela amahhashi esiCreole ngale njongo. IPolo yase-Argentina, Kuzalwa kusukela ekuweleni kwamahhashi ePura Sangre de Carrera anamahhashi asezweni ase-rustic.

Ipolo yase-Argentina

I-Polo Horse yase-Argentina ibonakala ngayo ukumelana okukhulu nesivinini, kokubili ngenxa yofuzo lwabo nangenxa yoqeqesho abalutholayo. Amahhashi ePolo aqeqeshwa iminyaka eminingana ngaphambi kokufinyelela ezingeni elidingekayo lokudlala.

Ukubaluleka kokuzalanisa lolu hlobo kulele ekusabeleni nasekuxekeni kwalo, kusale eceleni izici zobuhle. Ziyizibonelo ze- umzimba omncane, intamo ende nezitho ezinamandla ezilungele ukuthuthukiswa kwalo mdlalo.

Ihhashi lezintaba ezinamadwala

I-Los "Rocky Mountain", njengoba igama liphakamisa, kunjalo okwangempela wezintaba ezinamadwala ase-United States. Fue cishe ngekhulu lama-XNUMX, lapho i-equine encane ivela emazweni asempumalanga yeKetucky, kungaba lesi sibonelo esizoqala ukubizwa ngokuthi "ihhashi lamaRocky Mountains." futhi owayezoba nguyise walolu hlobo waziswa kakhulu eYurophu naseNyakatho Melika.

Ihhashi lezintaba ezinamadwala

Ngaphandle kokungabaza, eyodwa ye okuvelele weNtaba iRocky uboya bakhe. Njengaku-mustang, bagqama ngokukhethekile omele uhlobo, yize bekwazi ukumboza cishe noma imuphi umbala oqinile emajazini abo. Lejazi elimangazayo futhi elihle esikhuluma ngalo lenziwe I-chocolate shades emzimbeni, i-blonde mane nomsila we-blonde ngamathoni esiliva.

Esinye isizathu esenza lolu hlobo lwaziwe noma luvelele, ngaphezu kobumnene balo, kungenxa yokuthokozela kwalo inkampani yabantu, kangangoba lifaniswa nezinja.

I-American iboshwe

I-American noma i-American iboshwe, obizwa nangokuthi isihlalo saseMelika noma i-American, luhlobo lwehhashi loluvela e-United States. Ikona eyaziwa ngokuthi umdlalo omuhle wokuhudula ihhashi. Kunezigaba ezimbili zombukiso: lezo ezinezinyathelo ezintathu (ukuhamba ngezinyawo, i-trot ne-canter) kanye nezinyathelo ezinhlanu, lapho ngaphezu kwezinyathelo ezijwayelekile zokuhamba ezifakwe esigabeni esedlule, kufanele sifake i-rack kanye nesinyathelo esisheshayo.

american aboshelwe

Ngokuphakama phakathi kuka-150 cm no-160 cm, lolu hlobo lwalungu kudalwe ngokuwela i-Thoroughbreds, i-Standardbreds neMorgans enezimbila zasendaweni babenesinyathelo esilula. Inemibala ejazi eyehluka phakathi komnyama, ithebe, nsundu, nsundu noma mpunga.

Isihlalo se-Argentino

Uhlobo lwe-Silla yase-Argentina, yaqala ukufakwa kwirejista yeSilla Argentino kusuka ngo-1941, ngenxa yokuthi kwakukhona ukufana okukhulu emifanekisweni eyavela emihlambini ekhethiwe, nalokho okwaqala kwaba uhlanga oluchaziwe.

Isihlalo se-Argentino

Kusukela kulolu hlobo singagqamisa ubumnene balo inamandla futhi inempilo, ilungele ezemidlalo kanye ne-morphology yayo. Inokwakheka okuqinile nokulingana, kwevolumu ephakathi nesisindo. Ijazi layo, elibushelelezi ngokumangazayo nelisilika, kungaba i-chestnut, i-chestnut noma i-tordillo.

Ukuhamba Tennessee

Ihhashi Lokuhamba laseTennessee, elaziwa nangokuthi iHhashi laseTennessee Paso, Luhlobo lwehhashi olwavela eningizimu ye-United States.

Lolu hlobo lwehhashi kwaziwa kabanzi njengokufanele kunoma yiluphi uhlobo lomsebenzi, ekudonseni amageja, njengendlela yokuhamba. Kuvamise ukuthi kube uhlobo okumele lubalwe ngabalimi.

Elinye lamakhono amakhulu Ukuhamba Tennessee, kuyisinyathelo sakho. Ukuhamba kwesilwane kwenziwa ngendololwane. Ziyindlela ehambisanayo futhi enesigqi, ukunikeza umgibeli induduzo enkulu kakhulu engenzeka nokudlulisa ukunyakaza okuncane kakhulu kuyo.

UTennessee uhamba ngezinyawo

AbakwaNarragansett Walkers boMbuso WeRhode Island, enyakatho-mpumalanga ye-United States of America, namahhashi aseCanada angokhokho balolu hlobo. Ekwakheni i-Tennessee Walking, kukhethwe ama-equines abesebenza emasimini. Babenezici zokuhamba kalula ngisho nasezintabeni, izimfanelo inzalo yabo engazizuza njengefa.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UPaul coudenys kusho

    izinhlobo ezimbalwa ezinkulu zaseMelika ziyashoda, njengehhashi i-Azteca (Mexico) iMangalarga Marchador (iBrazil), iCampolina (iBrazil), iPantaneiro (iBrazil), iCreole yaseColombia, njll.