U-Akhal-Teke, itshe eliyigugu laseTurkmenistan

USilver Akhal-Teke

Umjaho U-Akhal-Teke, ayitholakali kuphela kunqwaba yohlu lwe- amahhashi amahle kakhulu emhlabeni, kodwa kunjalo kubhekwe uhlobo oluhle kakhulu lwe-equine lokho kukhona. Okuthile ngenxa yejazi layo elimangazayo kanye ne-morphology yalo ezacile.

Futhi angama-equines ifanele izinhlobonhlobo zemikhakha yamahhashi, ukugqama ikakhulukazi emijahweni yokukhuthazela nasemincintiswaneni ephelele yokugibela amahhashi.

Kepha akupheleli lapho, bekuyi- uhlobo oluthandwa kakhulu ngamasosha namakhosi kusuka eKazakhstan kuya eChina. U-Alexander the Great waziwa ngisho nokuthi wayegibele umanduleli wakhe ku-Akhal-Teke ezimpini zakhe.

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Izici

Sibhekene nehhashi elinemvelaphi yaseTurkey elinalo amakhono amahle kakhulu wokugijima, lokho kuyakhombisa uhamba kahle, a i-jumper enkulu futhi kabani ukumelana lifanelwe ukugqanyiswa. Emincintiswaneni yama-500 km yokukhuthazela ebibanjelwe eRussia, lo mjaho ubuhlale usezikhundleni eziphezulu.

Noma kuyiqiniso lokho namuhla kunguhlanga isetshenziselwe ikakhulukazi ukwenziwa okweqile nokokweqa lapho kwatholakala khona ukuthi banamandla amakhulu.

Akukho okuningi okwaziwayo ngokunyuka kanye nemvelaphi yalolu hlobo. Leli qiniso, kanye nokubukeka okumangazayo kwalawa ma-equine, kubenze baduma njengamahhashi angaqondakali. Zibhekwa njengezinye zezinhlobo ezindala kunazo zonke emhlabeni, ngoba kunjalo Kukhuliswe amakhulu eminyaka yisizwe sakwaTeke, e-Akhal oasis enkangala yaseKarakum eTurkmenistan. Izinhlobo zenze izinguquko ezahlukahlukene maqondana negama lazo, kepha zisaziwa njenge «ihhashi lasezulwini"Noma"igugu leTurkmenistan".

Isilwane esinencazelo yaso engenakuba ngaphandle kwezichasiso: mncane futhi uyisitayela.  Ngokuphakama okuzungezile I-160 cm kwabesilisa no-155 cm kwabesifazaneSiphambi kwamahhashi anolayini abade. Bane- intamo ezacile ende okuthi kwesinye isikhathi kube nesimo sika-'S 'okunikeza ukuthwala okuziqhenyayo ekhanda. Ingemuva lide njengemikhawulo, mncane, lapho imisipha imakwa khona kakhulu.

La ikhanda elikhanyayo nelizacile, unamehlo amakhulu futhi azwakalayo, futhi izindlebe ezinhle zibekwe phezulu, futhi yinde.

Imisipha iminyene ngaphansi kwe- isikhumba esincane kakhulu nejazi ngokungangabazeki lishaya. I- umsila nemane kunezinwele ezimbalwaFuthi, azivamisile ukuba nezinwele eziningi eziya ebusweni njengama-bangs.

Ikhanda lika-Akhal-Teke

Umthombo: wikimedia

Ngokuqondene nomlingiswa, kuyi- zala isibindi esikhulu, ukwethembeka nokuzwela. Isimo salo semvelo sokuthuthumela sathokoziswa amaTurkmen ukuthi sikwazi ukuthola kulolu hlobo amandla aso aphelele, sizuze amanye ama-equines anzima futhi aqinile, kwakha ubuhlobo obuseduze kakhulu phakathi kwehhashi nomgibeli.

Ziyi-equines zazo kuthiwa njengoba umgibeli ephezulu bayalalela futhi bayahlonipha kodwa kwehlisiwe kunzima ukuphatha. 

Ukukhazimula okuhlukile kwekapa lika-Akhal-Teke

Manje ake sikhulume ngejazi eliyingqayizivele lalolu hlobo, ngokungangabazeki okungenye yezinto eziheha ukunakwa ekuqaleni.

Bangakwazi ukwethula izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezendlalelo: imibala eyisisekelo, i-dun ehlanjululwe nokhilimu, amajazi amanga, njll.

Labo ukhilimu we-diluted, i-palomino noma i-cream-bay coat ngokuvamile ikhombisa umbala we-metallic lokho kubanikeza ukubonakala kokuba nezinwele zomzimba igolide. En los amahhashi amhlophe, ukuqamba amanga, amaparele ... kwenzeka okufanayo kodwa ukuzwa ukuthi izinwele zinjalo isiliva.

Lo mphumela wokufuna ukwazi uwukuthi Ngoba amaprotheni amajazi akhipha la ma-iridescence ensimbi lapho ukukhanya kuwela kuwo.

Yize izibonelo ze umbala omnyama awulethi lawa ma-iridescence uma benokucwebezela okuphezulu ebhantshini.

Lokhu kwenza izendlalelo zenani elikhulu nezifunwayo ama-albino nama-cremellas, ezinesiliva elithile lensimbi nokubukeka kwamaparele. Futhi kunjalo ama-palominos ngalowo mphumela wegolide omangalisayo ezinikezwa yi-'cream gene', futhi lezi zilwane ezaziwa ngazo 'njengehhashi eligezwe ngegolide'.

Kuthiwa i-Akhal-Teke yokuqala eyafika eMelika impela yayingeyokugcina futhi ingekaNdlovukazi u-Elizabeth wase Spain. Kusukela lapho lolu hlobo seludumile eMelika.

Uboya buka-Akhal-Teke

Umthombo: wikimedia

Umlando omncane wenu

Igama Akhal Teke, livela enhlanganisweni yegama lika a indawo: I-Akhal, kanye ne UTeke, uhlanga lwamaTurkmen.

El imvelaphi yalolu hlobo kubonakala sengathi emahhashini ayehlala kulesi sifunda sase-Akhal, eseningizimu neTurkmenistan yanamuhla, cishe eminyakeni engama-3000 edlule. 

Kukholakala ukuthi zivela emahhashini alethwe amaSkithe, okwakungabantu bokuqala ukuba nekhono lobuciko behhashi.

Izinsalela zemivubukulo ezitholakala e-Altai massif nasendaweni yeTurkmenistan yanamuhla, zibonisa amathambo ezilwane ezinezici zokuziphatha ngokufana kakhulu nomjaho wamanje we-Akhal-Teke.

Izizwe zaseTurkmen ezazizinikele ekuzalelweni kwamahhashi, kungenzeka ukuthi zazihlala ezintabeni zase-Altai ngaphambi kokuhlala emaphethelweni ogwadule eKara Kun, Persia, Anatolia naseSyria.

La mahhashi abewakhulisile ayaziwa ngamagama ahlukahlukene, njengoNiseus.

Isizwe samaTeke wahamba nemikhankaso yokweba nokuthumba izigqila eningizimu, futhi babejwayele ukuthatha amahhashi amabili ngoTeke ngamunye: elinye lokugibela amabhodlela angenacala futhi elinye kube elomthwalo. Bakhethe futhi bagcina uhlu lozalo lwamahhashi abo amahle kakhulu, okwakungazange kuthengiswe ngokwesiko.

Umgibeli we-Akhal-Teke

Umthombo: wikimedia

Ku Ngekhulu le-XNUMX, ibutho laseRussia, lavela kula mazwe, ishiya iTurkmenistan isithathiwe futhi ilawulwa ngokuphelele yiRussia.

Kwakungabantu baseRussia abathi babezoqala ukuzalela uhlobo lwe-Akhal-Teke epulazini lase-stud.

Abantu baseRussia babiza 'argamak ' lawa mahhashi anoboya bensimbi obunelukuluku, i-morphology yawo ekhumbuza leyo yamaTurkmen equines of Persia. Lawa ma-equines adonse ukunakekelwa kwe- Kuropatkin jikelele waseRussia ngubani ozokhetha amanye ala mahhashi ziqale ukuzala kwazo futhi ulayini babezobhapathizwa ngegama lamanje lohlobo: Akhal-Teke.

Namuhla, kunamakhophi angaba yizinkulungwane eziyisishiyagalombili zalolu hlobo olubhalisiwe emhlabeni. Iningi lazo libhaliswe eTurkmenistan, lapho lawa ma-equine aba luphawu lukazwelonke.

Ngaphandle kwezimpawu zayo ezinhle zemidlalo ye-equine, kusese wuhlobo olungajwayelekile futhi olungajwayelekile. Noma kuyiqiniso, lokho kancane kancane kuqala ukusabalala kuwo wonke amazwe. ESpain, ngokwesibonelo, ikhuliswe kusukela ngo-2007.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.