Kunjani ukuzala kwamahhashi?

Mare nenkonyane

Emhlabeni wehhashi sithola izici eziningi nokuhlukahluka okungaba mnandi kakhulu kubo bonke labo abathanda lesi silwane esihle. Akukhona nje ukuthi ukuba nehhashi kusho ukuhamba, ukugibela, njll., Kodwa kukhona nezinye izindlela ezifana nemincintiswano yezemidlalo (ukugijima noma ukugibela amahhashi), imincintiswano lapho i-morphology yayo ibaluleka khona nokuthile okukhangayo kakhulu: ingane.

Ama-hobbyist amaningi afisa ukuthi athole inzalo kumahhashi abo. Izwa inqubo yokukhulelwa, ukuzalwa nokunakekelwa kwethole elincane. Kepha, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi lokhu Akuwona umsebenzi olula. Kuyadingeka ukuthi sibe nenani elikhulu lolwazi futhi sithole uchungechunge lokufunda okufanele sikwenze ukuze sithole isipiliyoni esizosiza kakhulu, ikakhulukazi uma sihlose ukuqhubeka nokuzala kwehhashi kuze kube seqophelweni lokukwazi ukuqeqesha eyethu imbuzi noma umhlambi.

Kuyadingeka, cishe ngaso sonke isikhathi, ukuphendukela kochwepheshe noma kothile ukuze asinikeze izeluleko ezinonembeza ngalezi zinkinga, ukugwema inani elikhulu lezinkinga ezivelayo. Kodwa-ke, ngezansi sizozama ukubakhombisa ngokubanikeza uchungechunge lokuqukethwe okuthokozisayo nolwazi ukwenza le adventure yokuzalanisa ihhashi okuthile okujabulisa kakhulu.

Azalela nini amahhashi?

UMare uklaba nethole lakhe

Isikhathi esifaneleka kakhulu sonyaka sokuzalwa kwamahhashi amancane ngu intwasahlobo, njengoba kwenzeka kwezinye izinhlobo eziningi zezilwane, ikakhulukazi kuzo zonke lezo eziseqenjini lezilwane ezincelisayo. Isizathu noma imbangela ukuthi ngalesi sikhathi ukudla kuvame kakhulu kakhulu futhi izimo zezulu azivamile ukweqisa kepha zimnene, amahora emini adlala indima ebalulekile.

Ukukhanya okwandisiwe kukhuthaza kakhulu lokho okuthiwa "Izikhungo zokwamukela" etholakala ebuchosheni obusolwa ngokuqala ukukhiqizwa kwamahomoni, kufaka phakathi ezocansi.

Icebo elincane, abanye abakhiqizi bezinye izilwane ezifuywayo abasebenzisa futhi, besebenzisa ama-ornithologists njengesibonelo nikeza ukukhanya okwenziwe esibayeni noma indawo yokuzalanisa. Le ndlela ibangela ukuthi iwashi lemvelo lamahhashi ethu liqale futhi ngaleyo ndlela sikwazi ukuqhubekisela phambili isikhathi sokuzala.

Ukuvuthwa ngokocansi kulawa ma-equines kuvame ukuza ku eneminyaka emithathu ubudala. Ezimweni ezingavamile, kube nezimo lapho imazi noma ithole elincane livundile ezinyangeni eziyishumi nesishiyagalombili kuphela, kodwa ngiyagcizelela ukuthi kuyinto ehlukile nokuthi akwenzeki kaningi.

Isikhathi esikahle sokuzalwa kwamathole siphakathi kwenyanga kaMeyi noJuni.

Ukukhulelwa emahhashini

Inkonyane egijimayo

Isikhathi sokukhulelwa, njengokujwayelekile, simayelana izinyanga eziyishumi nanye, cishe izinsuku ezingama-340. Kepha, njengakwezinye izinto eziningi, lo akuwona umthetho oqinile. Kukhona ukukhulelwa kuma-mares lapho inkonyane likhule kahle futhi lizalwe ekupheleni kwezinyanga eziyishumi zokuqala, elidinga uchungechunge lokunakekelwa okukhethekile. Ngokuphambene nalokho, kunezimo lapho le nqubo iqhubeke khona kuze kube unyaka, imvamisa lapho inzalo kungowesilisa.

Iqiniso elithakazelisayo ukuthi imvamisa ukuzalwa kwama-mares kuvame ukwenzeka ebusuku. Kusho ukudiliva ungeqi kakhulu ngaphezu kwemizuzu eyishumi nanhlanu. Yize kufanele kwaziwe ukuthi uma umama ehlangabezana noma ezwa uhlobo oluthile lwengozi, uyakwazi ukuphazamisa ukulethwa.

Ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa kuyadingeka ukuthatha inombolo enkulu yokuqapha. Kubalulekile ukusho ukuthi ukukhula kwabancane kwenzeka ngaphakathi kwesibeletho ezinyangeni ezintathu ezedlule zokukhulelwa. Ngakho-ke, ezinyangeni eziyisithupha zokuqala zokukhulelwa, ama-mares angambozwa ngaphandle kwenkinga, kepha kusukela kulo mzuzu kuqhubeke kungaba yingozi enkulu engadala nokufa kwethole elincane.

Ukudla kuhlale kubaluleke kakhulu, futhi kubaluleke kakhulu ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa. Ukuhlinzeka ngemazi yethu ngokudla okunothile futhi okuhlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi izithasiselo zamaprotheni, kubalulekile.

amavithamini nezakhi zomzimba zamahhashi
I-athikili ehlobene:
Amavithamini nezakhi zomzimba zamahhashi

Ithiphu labo bonke labo balimi izilwane zabo ezingatholakali ngaphandle, kodwa zihlala ezindlini zezitebele nasezindaweni ezincane usuku lonke, ukuzivocavoca umzimba. Ukuthatha uhambo olufushane, nokugijima okulula, kuma-mares ethu akhulelwe kuwumkhuba omuhle kakhulu.

Ukunakekelwa kwezingane

Inkonyane elisanda kuzalwa

Uma sifuna ukuthi inkonyane lethu likhule liqine futhi libe nempilo, kubalulekile ukuba nochungechunge lwemibono eyisisekelo ngokuziphatha kwalo, imikhuba yokudla, njll.

Esinye sezithombe ezisishaya kakhulu ngehhashi elincane yimilenze yaso emide. Imbongolo esanda kuzalwa inezitho ezinde, eziyivumela sukuma ihora elilodwa nje emva kokuzalwa, bese ugijima amahora amabili ngemuva kwalowo mzuzu.

Lemilenze emide futhi iyayivimba ukuthi ingafinyeleli empumelelweni yayo ngotshani obusemhlabathini, okusho ukuthi, endaweni engokwemvelo, amankonyane adla ubisi olukhiqizwa ngunina kuphela. Ubisi olunothe ngamaprotheni asheshisayo futhi athuthukise ukukhula kwentsha. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ubisi lokuqala olukhiqizwa yimbuzi lubizwa "ikholostramu", enenqwaba yama-antibody.

Amathole imvamisa ziyancela futhi zondle njalo ngemizuzu engama-XNUMX, cishe. Uma sibona ukuthi kukhona okungahambi kahle kulokhu kuziphatha, kungenzeka ukuthi inkonyane alikwazi ukufinyelela kahle emabeleni emazi, noma mhlawumbe ubisi lwembuzi alunalo ikhwalithi enhle, okuholela ekunqatshweni kwethole.

Lapho inkonyane seliqedile ukuncelisa ubisi lwayo, kungakuhle ukuthi unikeze okuphakelayo okuseqophelweni eliphezulu ukuvala noma ikuphi ukusilela ekukhuleni kwalo. Kuyalulekwa ukumnikeza uhlobo oluthile lwezithasiselo, ikakhulukazi uhlobo lwamavithamini (amavithamini A, D no-E ikakhulukazi).

El inkinobho yesisu kuyinto ekhathaza kakhulu abalimi. Ukunakekelwa kwakho, phakathi nezinsuku zonke ngemuva kokubeletha, kubaluleke kakhulu. Uma sibukeka sijwayelekile, asikho isidingo sokuthatha noma yisiphi isenzo ngaphandle kokusihlanza ngomuthi wokubulala amagciwane. Kepha uma sibona ukuthi ayikho esimeni esihle, kokunye kuyindlela yokubalekela umchamo, ungacabangi kabili futhi kufanele uye ngokushesha kudokotela wezilwane. Uma kungenjalo, kungalandelwa izingozi ezibulalayo.

Yize esemncane, amahhashi amancane yizilwane ezikhuthele kakhulu, ngakho-ke uma sibona ukuthi inkonyane yethu ichitha isikhathi sayo esiningi ilele, kungenzeka ukuthi ibuthakathaka noma iyagula.

Ukuzalanisa amahhashi kungaba yinto eyanelisa kakhulu futhi ezuzisayo, inqobo nje uma sicacile ngezinto ezithile ezisisizayo kukho konke. Siyethemba ukuthi sisizile kakhulu futhi sikwazile ukucacisa ukungabaza okuthile okungaba khona ngale ndaba.

Ngamafuphi, amahhashi ahlangana kanjani?

Ukuncela inkonyane

Kumahhashi, isigaba sokuzala siqala ngokuthomba, okwenzeka kwabesifazane abaphakathi kweminyaka yobudala Izinyanga eziyi-15 nezingama-24 ubudala, ngenkathi kwabesilisa kuvame ukuvela eminyakeni yobudala engaphezulu ngoba kuvame ukukhula phakathi kwe Izinyanga eziyi-14 no-18, lo mzuzu ubaluleke kakhulu kumahhashi kwazise inqubo ayigxili ekumataniseni kuphela, kepha futhi ibalulekile ekukhuleni okunempilo nasekusebenzeni okulandelayo kwesilwane.

Kepha inqubo iyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ngoba ekuzalweni kobuciko, hhayi ekusetshenzisweni kunezigaba eziqhutshwa ngamahhashi nezimbuzi futhi ezidingekayo ukufeza ukukhwelana, njengoba phambilini kumele kube khona isikhathi sokuqomisana, lapho ihhashi lidlala ngenkathi owesilisa ebusa kuze kube ngesinye isikhathi imazi likhombisa ngokuphelele ukulethwa kwalo futhi kungaleso sikhathi lapho ukukhwelana kwenzeka khona.

Umjikelezo we-estrous kuma-mares uncike esikhathini sokuthwebula izithombe, ngoba ama-mares ayizilwane zonyaka ezi-polyestric, ukuba nomjikelezo wayo wenyanga izinyanga ezingama-21, ukuthola ukushisa kwayo isikhathi esiyizinsuku eziyisi-5 ngakho-ke kufanele sazi kahle, uma silinde ukukhiqiza ukuzaliseka kwamahhashi, ngisho nochwepheshe bathi isikhathi esihle kakhulu sowesilisa ukuyikhweza siphakathi kuka-12 no-o ' Amahora angama-36 kusukela ekuqaleni kokushisa ngoba kuyisikhathi lapho imazi likhipha amaqanda ngakho amathuba okuthola imazi likhulelwe maningi kakhulu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.