Ihhashi laseCarthusi, enye yenzalo ye-Andalusian

Uhlu lozalo lukaCartuja

Umthombo: i-YouTube

Ihhashi laseCartujano, elibizwa nangokuthi «Cerrado en Bocao», lithola leli gama ngoba yaqala ukukhuliswa yizindela zaseCarthusian eSanta María de la Defensión (UJerez de la Frontera), cishe ngo-1484. Ipulazi lezindela lezindela lalineminyaka engaphezu kwamakhulu amathathu laziwa kakhulu ngenxa yokunethezeka ekuhambeni, ubuhle balo, izikhulu zalo kanye nesitembu salo. Kwakunwebela ezindaweni ezifanekisela kakhulu ngaleso sikhathi, njengeSikole SaseVersailles noLouis XVI. Ngaphezu kwalokho, babenjalo labo abathandwa ngamakhosi, amakhosi nama-consuls.

Umjaho waseCarthusi kuyinto a uhlu lozalo ngaphakathi kweHhashi laseSpain eliSuselwe (PRE), owaziwa nangokuthi i-Andalusian Horse. Lawa ma-equines akha ukugcinwa kwezakhi zofuzo kwenani elikhulu le-PRE Noma kunjalo, hhayi kuphela ivelele ngokuba nezakhi zofuzo ezimsulwa kakhulu lapho kungenelela kuphela izibonelo zalo mndeni (yingakho igama elithi "kuvaliwe"), kepha futhi, kwi-morphology yabo umehluko uyahlonishwa. Kuluhlobo olunobuhle obuyisici njengoba sizokuthola kulo lonke lesi sihloko.

Ngabe sibazi kangcono?

Ukuqonda kahle ihhashi laseCarthusian, kufanele siqale sibale izimpande ze- Ihhashi lase-Andalusi. I-Pure Spanish Blood Breed ingumphumela wokufuna ukuphelela kobuhle nobuhle.

Ngokwesiko laseSpain, imvelaphi yehhashi namandla alo aqondana nokuchuma kwemiphakathi yokuqala emikhulu yeNhlonhlo Yase-Iberia. Ake sibheke ezinye zezibonelo: amaCarthagini afaka amahhashi amaningi emabuthweni awo, eqaphela amandla nokuqina kwawo. AmaRoma ayazi ukuthi angalithokozela kanjani iHhashi Lase-Andalusi futhi alithuthukise njengelokuthutha futhi njengelifanele ukuhlukanisa amakhosi nababusi. Ukubaluleka kwama-equines kubonakala kubufakazi obuningi obabhalwa ngababhali abanjengoHomer noma uPliny.

Ngenhlanhla Izici zamaHhashi ase-Andalusi azizange zithinteke ekuhlaselweni kwabantu baseJalimane ngoba ikakhulukazi babehamba ngezinyawo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwenziwa umthetho waseRoma, owawugcinwa isikhathi esithile, ukuvikela lezi zinhlobo zezinhlobo zezinhlobo zezinhlobo zezinhlobo zezinhlobo zezinhlobo zezilwane zaseSpain.

Ihhashi laseCarthusian

Ngabe Ekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX, lapho eMonastery yaseLa Cartuja kwavela ukuzalaniswa kwemithambeka yehhashi lase-Andalusi: Ihhashi laseCartujano. Cishe cishe amakhulu amathathu eminyaka lezi zindela zaseCarthusian zaguqula ipulazi lazo laba elinye lezidume kakhulu nelaziswayo ngaleso sikhathi. Kepha sizobona umlando walezi zingwe kamuva, ake siqale sazi ukuthi zinjani.

Kanjani?

Bayizilwane ze ukuzala okukhulu, okuvelele, ngokunyakaza okubanzi nokuphakeme, into ebenzayo ifiseleka njengezikopelo ngisho nasemhlambini ongazalisi amahhashi aseCarthusian.

Ngokuphakama lapho kubuna kuzungeze u-160 cm, angama-equines of isitokisi, umzimba omile kahle, ngesifuba esijulile nangemuva kwemisipha.

Intamo inemisipha emihle kakhulu evumela ukuthi ithwale ikhanda elincane elinomusa liqondile ngesikhathi sokugibela. Isethi yonke ikhombisa a isibalo esihle kakhulu nobuhle. 

Kuyi-equine lokho ivumelane kahle nezimo zezulu zaseMedithera. Inamakhala amakhulu ayivumela ukuthi iphefumule kahle esimweni sezulu esishisayo nesinomswakama ezindaweni eziningi zaseMedithera. Esinye isici sokuzivumelanisa nesimo sezulu sitholakala eboyeni. Kulezi zilinganisa i- izigqoko ezimpunga ezinhlobonhlobo zezikali ezimpunga namabala amnyama lokho siza izilwane zingashiswa yimisebe yelanga ngokusabalalisa imisebe yenkanyezi ngaphandle kokulimaza isikhumba sehhashi. Ezimweni ezingavamile, kungabonakala namakhanda amnyama noma ansundu.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, sathola ipulazi elithile lasenyakatho yeSpain. Lapho, ama-equine azivumelanise nezimo, aba ngundabamlonyeni ngenkathi egcina ubuhle obubonisa lolu hlobo. Isibonelo esihle yileso esiboniswe kuvidiyo engezansi:

Ngokuqondene nohlamvu lwayo, sibhekene ne- uhlanga oluhloniphekile noluthobekile, ngokusabela okulungile. Inamandla futhi inamandla futhi ngasikhathi sinye ithambile.

Umlando omncane wenu

Phakathi nekhulu leminyaka I-XV kube nokwehla okwethusayo kwama-mares e-Andalusia, ikakhulu ngenxa yokuthengiswa kwezinye izifunda noma amazwe nokukhiqizwa kweminyuzi. Lokhu kwaholela ekutheni UMkhandlu Wedolobha laseJerez ukushicilela i-oda elinqabela ukuthengiswa kwalezi mares ngaphandle kwendawo ngaphandle kwemvume yeCorregidor. Kamuva kwavunyelwa ukumboza lezi zimbongolo ngezimbongolo.

Eminyakeni engamashumi amabili nane emva kwalezi zivimbelo, ama-Carthusian friars kaJerez akha umhlambi wawo, okungagcina sekuvela futhi kwaziwa njenge- «Cartuja» ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Bazoba ngokwabo futhi, ngubani izogcina lolu hlobo ngesikhathi sokuhlasela kweFrance ngokuzihambisa nokuzifihla kwelinye ipulazi.

Umlando walawa ma-equine uxubene nezinganekwane. Omunye wabo usho kanjalo umpristi uPedro José Zapata, umlimi omuhle kakhulu nomlimi ngaleso sikhathi, cishe ngo-1810 kwaqala ukukhethwa kwalolu hlobo lwamahhashi ekuthengeni amahhashi nezimbuzi kusukela ngaphambi kweCartuja de Jerez, lapho lawa mahhashi ayegcinwe khona kusukela ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-XNUMX. TO inzalo yalezi zingulube zaqala ukubizwa ngokuthi "Hierro de Zapata" futhi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi babezobizwa ngokusemthethweni ICartujano noma amahhashi aseCerrados eBocao.

Umjaho uqala ukusabalala. Indlalifa kaZapata, ngo-1857, yathengisa inqwaba yama-mares namahhashi kuVicente Romero, umshana wakhe owayengathengisa amaqoqo amabili, elilodwa kuCurro Chica elinye kuJuan Pedro Domecq. Izindlalifa zokugcina zazizothengisela uRoberto Osborne, okwathi ngo-1949 athengise ama-equine akhe amaningi kuFernando de Terry, kuthi amanye asale eMarques de Salvatierra noJuan Manuel Urquijo.

Namuhla singakuqinisekisa lokho wonke amahhashi aseCarthusihusi avela kulemihlambi emithathu: i-Urquijo, iTerry neSalvatierra. 

PuraSangreSpanish

Umthombo: youtube

Lawa mapulazi ama-stud ane- Inani elingenakulinganiswa kusukela ekubukeni kofuzo nasekuthuthukisweni kweSpanishi Elicwengekileyo, njengoba yahlala phakathi kwento engaphezu kwamakhulu amahlanu eminyaka ngaphandle kwamathonya angaphandle. Ngaphezu kwalokho, iTerry's Stud ngoMashi 1990 yaba yingxenye yeGugu. Kamuva, ngoDisemba wonyaka ofanayo, iYeguada Cartujana del Hierro del Bocado yatholakala ngokusemthethweni ku-EXPASA, inkampani ephethwe yiSpain State Heritage.

Uhlobo lwamahhashi lwaseCarthusi luyisibonakaliso esihle sezimpande ze-Spanish Thoroughbred. Yini enye, Ufake isandla ekwakhiweni nasekwenzeni ngcono imihlambi eminingi edumile yaseYurophu neyaseMelika ngaphezu kwakho konke.

Namuhla, i- I-Yeguada de La Cartuja ingabhekwa njengendawo yokugcina enkulu kunazo zonke yamahhashi alolu hlobo. Izilwane ezingaba amakhulu amabili ziklaba lapho ngesibhengezo se “Hierro del Bocado” esenziwe nguZapata ngo-1810.

Ngiyethemba ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.