Ko kutenderera kwebhiza kwakadii

mabhiza

Muchinyorwa che Nhasi tinokuudza nezve chimwe chezvinhu zvakakosha kune chero munhu mupenyu: kutenderera kweropa. Uye chaizvo izvo zveequines.

Biologist ayo ari nyanzvi mune idzi mhuka akataura kuti angangoita mazana matatu emarudzi akasiyana emabhiza anogona kuwanikwa. Rudzi rumwe nerumwe rune hunhu hwarwo zvese mukuonekwa kwekunze kwemhuka, zvisinei maererano ne kushanda kwemuviri ese equines anokudziridza uye anoshanda nenzira inenge yakafanana nekuva wedzimwe mhando yemhuka yenyika. Naizvozvo, maererano nehurongwa hwekufamba kweropa, zvisinei nerudzi, izvo zvaunogona kuwana muchinyorwa zvinoshanda kumabhiza ese, chero awo rudzi.

Isu tinoziva zvishoma zvirinani chikamu ichi chemuviri wemhuka idzi dzinoshamisa?

Kushanda kweropa rinotenderera kwakafanana kune vanhu uye kune zvimwe zvipuka. UyeIyo yeropa system inoumbwa neyemwoyo system, inoumbwa nemoyo uye makoronga anotenderera neropa, uye neiyo lymphatic system. Nhengo yakakosha yesystem circulatory ndiyo saka moyo, uri mukutarisira kupomba ropa kumativi ese emuviri kuburikidza netsinga, tsinga uye capillaries. Kune rimwe divi, iyo lymphatic system inoumbwa nemidziyo yeLymphatic, nema lymph node uye nhengo mbiri: spleen uye thymus. Inotarisira immune system yeiyo mammalian muviri.

kutenderera system yebhiza

Kwayaka: pinterest

Iyo Cardicovascular system

Sisitimu iyi inoona nezve kufambisa uye kufambisa ropa kuitira kuti ridiridze muviri wese. A bhiza rakakura riri pakati nepakati rine marita mapfumbamwe eropa mumuviri wako Ropa rakakosha sekutakura zvinhu zvakakosha zvemuviri zvakaita se: chikafu, oxygen, maseru ezvirwere zvemuviri, nezvimwe. Uye zvakare inobatsira kuchenesa muviri nekutakura marara kana carbon dioxide. Sokunge kuti izvi zvaive zvisina kukwana, iri zvakare mutariri wekugadzirisa tembiricha yemuviri.

Iyi system Ine matunhu maviri, rimwe rinoona nezve kufukidza nzvimbo yemapapu uye rimwe rinotakura ropa kuenda kune rese muviri. Matunhu ese ari maviri akatenderera, achitanga uye achigumira mumoyo.

Aya macircuit anoratidzira iwo maitiro maererano nenzvimbo dzinopfuura neropa: moyo, arteri, arterioles, capillary network, venule, mutsinga uye moyo.

El pulmonary circuit inokonzera kugadziriswa kwegasi kunoitwa mumapapu. Kupararira kweropa munzvimbo yemapapu kunoita basa rakakosha mukusimbisa zvikamu zvemapapu, kuvaka patsva materu emapapu uye nekuparadzira oxygen yakatorwa nemuviri.

Mwoyo

Moyo unogadzirwa nemhasuru yemhasuru uye unomiririra chimiro chakakomberedzwa mune zvevanhu. Mwoyo webhiza rakura unogona kurema anenge 3,5 kg. Sedzimwe mhuka dzesimba, moyo wemabhiza ine mativi mana: ma ventricles maviri, ayo ari iwo anofambisa ropa, uye maviri atria, rimwe racho rinotora ropa kubva mumapapu uye imwe kubva kune imwe muviri wese.

Mwoyo wakarongedzwa pakati pechipiri uye chechitanhatu intercostal nzvimbo muequines.

Isu tataura nezvemhando dzakasiyana dzemadhiri aripo mukutenderera kweropa, isu tichavatarisa izvozvi nekutarisa kushoma pane mumwe nemumwe.

Tsinga

Iwo makondakita ayo kutakura ropa kubva pamoyo kuenda kune dzimwe nhengo mumuviri. Iwo machubhu matete sezvo achifanira kumira neiyo BP inokonzerwa nekupomba kwemoyo. Mukati meritsinga mune akasiyana maratidziro atinozotumidza zita muchinyorwa chino, uye aya ndeakakura kana akasununguka, ari pakati kana musimba, uye diki kana arterioles.

Capillaries

MaCapillariari mitsipa midiki kwazvo yeropa. Mavari, kuchinjana kwemamorekuru kunoitika pakati pemasero ezvinyama neropa.. Iwo akarongwa mumapoka anonzi vascular network, ayo akawandisa uye anovhara nhengo dzese.

Tsinga

Dzine chimiro chakafanana chaizvo neicho chetsinga uye zvakare dzinoiswa muzvikamu zvichienderana nehukuru hwadzo mu: tsinga hombe, mitsipa yepakati uye huturu kana tutsinga tudiki. Pakati mutsinga, iyo ingangoita gumi mm, ndiyo yakanyanya kuwanda.

Tsinga Ivo vane basa rekutakura ropa kubva kuma capillaries eropa kuenda nawo pamoyo. Ndo izvo izvo kazhinji dzinotakura marara uye carbon dioxide. Kune zvimwe kusarudzika senge pulmonary vein inoitisa oxygen kuti ugovere vanhu.

Iyo lymphatic system

MaLymphatic ducts anotakura lymph, mvura inounganidzwa mumatumbu nenhengo mumuviri wese uye inoiswa mutsinga huru.

Iyo lymphatic system ndiyo iyo mukutarisira kuchengetedza fluid fluid nekudonhedza yakawandisa yemukati fluid kuropa, iri zvakare basa rekuzvidzivirira ku kuita sefaira kurwisa utachiona hwakasiyana iyo inopinda mumuviri uye nekudaro ichivimbisa kudzivirira kwemuviri. Izvo zvinobatsirawo yemoyo system ne kudzora venous uye arterial BP.

Kana ino sisitimu ikashanda zvisirizvo kana kusakara, chirwere cheLymphatic chinonzi lymphangitis chinoonekwa.

Lifangitis inogona kuve ulcerative (bhakitiriya chirwere chinotapukira) kana epizootic (fungal chirwere chinotapukira).

Nhengo mbiri dzakakosha dzinouya mukutamba muiyo lymphatic system: iyo spleen uye thymus. Izvo zvatinoda kutaura zvishoma.

Spleen

Ndicho chikuru chiridzwa nhengo uye ndiye inotarisira immune uye hematopoietic mashandiro. Yakadiridzwa zvine simba neropa system, inobvisa masero matsvuku eropa kubva mukutenderera uye inobata masero eropa pamwechete.

Timo

Iyi nhengo yakabikwa iri padyo nemoyo, inopihwa nemidziyo yeropa. Ane rake chikuru basa kubva pakuzvarwa kusvika pakuyaruka uye ndipo panokura maT lymphocyte.

Chekupedzisira, tinoda kupa chikamu chidiki kune kukosha kwekuongororwa kwekiriniki yemabhiza edu, kubvira Kunyangwe maronda emoyo mavari asingaratidzi zvakanyanya sekune mamwe mammalian marudzi, pane akawanda akakosha maronda anofanirwa kuongororwa nemazvo. Naizvozvo, zvinokurudzirwa kuti nyanzvi itarise bhiza redu nguva nenguva.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako