MaAmerican mabhiza: makuru marudzi

. american mabhiza

Tisati tataura nezvemarudzi emabhiza eAmerica, ngatitorei mashoma mapuroti pane nhoroondo yeequines muAmerica. Zvinozivikanwa kuti mu prehistory, panguva yePleistocene maive nemabhiza emuno mune dzese America, uye kuti ndima inoenderana nenzvimbo yePampean yaive yakapfuma mumhuka idzi.

Asi kuuya kwemunhu anodarika makore zviuru gumi nezviuru zvakapfuura zvinoita kunge ndicho chimwe chezvinhu zvine mutsindo mu kupera kwakakwana Vanhu vekuAmerica. Inenge yave nguva yakareba gare gare, panguva yekukundwa kweAmerica, riini vakundi veSpain vakadzorerazve iyi mhuka yakanaka izvo zvakapararira mukondinendi yose kubva muzana ramakore rechi XNUMX. Zvishoma nezvishoma, mabhiza kubva kune dzimwe nyika senge England kana France, aisvika muAmerica uye, jPamwe chete nemaSpanish equines akange atove nevanhu venyika yeAmerica, mhando nyowani dzaiumbwa; American bhiza dzinobereka.

American Cream Dhizaini

IAmerican Cream Draft, ndiyo irwo chete rudzi rwebhiza rinogadzirwa rakagadzirwa muUnited States uripo nhasi. Iyo inozivikanwa nehunhu hwayo ruomba-ruvara rwemvere kana champagne yegoridhe, uye yayo amber maziso.

American Cream Dhizaini

Kwayaka: youtube

Nekugadzira michina yebasa rekuchera, mienzaniso yerudzi urwu yakadzikira zvakanyanya mukati memakumi mashoma emakore 1982 asati asvika, pazvakaonekwa kuti rudzi urwu rwaigona kurasikirwa. Kubva ipapo yanga ichikura iyo nhamba yakanyoreswa American Cream Draft yakaenzana (registry registry yakagadzirwa muna 1944), kunyange ichiri nhamba yakaderera.

Appaloosa

Inofungidzirwa rimwe remabhiza akanakisa pasi rose kufamba nzendo refu, iri nyore kusiyaniswa neayo rakasviba jasi, Iine nzvimbo dzakasviba dzakapindirana neganda repinki uye dzinoguma neganda rakazara.

Maererano nekutsvaga kwekuchera matongo, zvinonzi izvi rudzi rwunouya kubva kuAsia kondinendi uye rwakaunzwa muAmerica neSpanish kubva angangoita 1519.

Appaloosa

Izita "Appaloosa" inobva kuRwizi rwePalouseque kuyambuka nyika dzevaNez Perce maIndia. Vagari vemo ndivo vakawana hunhu hwakanaka, vanokudzwa, simba uye kugona kukuru kwema equines nejasi rakatsetseka kudaro. Yaive iri bhiza rakanakira zviitiko zveNez Perce, senge kuvhima kana kurwa, uye nekudaro vakatanga kuzvichengeta nekuzvidzora.

Kubva pamuchinjikwa pakati pebhiza reAppaloosa nebhiza reArabia, panomuka AraAppaloosa. Vamwe Kukwikwidzana kwakakwirira kunoenzana akakodzera chaizvo semabhiza emombe, mumakwikwi emitambo uye nekupamba.

Nehurefu hwakareba pakati pegumi nemana masendimita nemakumi masere nemakumi masere nemakumi maviri nemashanu, rudzi urwu kubva kuAppaloosa runako mafomu akacheneswa uye mamiriro erudzi rweArabhu, ine musoro mudiki, muswe wepamusoro uye kufamba kunonaka, asi pamusoro pezvo, ine hunhu hune mavara hwakaratidzwa hweAppaloosa. AraAppaloosa yakareruka uye yakanatswa kupfuura Appaloosa zvimwe zveQuarter Horse mhando.

Bhiza reganda

Bhiza reBuckskin ndi Rudzi rweAmerica rwuri kuberekwa zvakanyanya mune izvo zvinofungidzirwa nzvimbo yaro kwazvinobva: California. Iyo inesimba, yakasimba uye isingadziviriri marudzi, akakodzera kwazvo kune cowboy basa.

buckskin

Iwo akaenzana nehurefu huri pakati pe 145 cm uye 155 cm, yemuviri compact uye yakaenzana, iine maumbirwo akatenderera Ine mitezo mipfupi uye yakaonda, kunyangwe ichirwisa kwazvo.

Huru yavo inowanzoita yero uye yakatsvuka mavara, ari musoro wake jasi light tawny. Hunhu hweBuckskin ndohwekuti vane muswe uye mane nhema, zvakare Mutsara, kazhinji zvakanaka, zvakare dema inomhanya ichidzika neshure kubva kuoma kusvika kumuswe.

Creole bhiza

Bhiza reCreole ndi equine rudzi hunhu hweSouthern Cone asi hwakagoverwa muAmerica dzese, kunyange hazvo yakagadziriswa zvakasiyana mune yega yega nyika dzenyika. Gore rega rega kune vazhinji vanoisimudza, vanoishandisa zvese kune yakaoma mabasa emunda uye munguva yavo yekuzorora.

Creole bhiza

Marudzi ekumaodzanyemba kweChile nenzvimbo yekodiraira akaenda kumapani ekumabvazuva achikwezhwa nemabhiza emusango aigara mukati mawo, ndokutanga kuenda nawo kunyika dzawo kunodzichengeta nenzira dzawo. Aya maequines akashanduka nekuenderana nharaunda mavaigara uye akayambuka nemamwe marudzi kusvikira vawana bhiza reCreole razvino. Idzo mhuka dzesimba, dzesimba rakakura uye mhasuru dzinogona kuve neinenge chero mhando yejasi.

Rudzi rwemabhiza eCreole rwakanga rwoda kurasikirwa kubereka kwavo kuri kuregeredzwa nekuuya kweequines nyowani, mashandisiro matsva, nezvimwe. Asi mukati Muna 1910, yeChilean Horse Breeders Chikamu chakagadzirwa muChile, uye kupora kwakatanga pasi pechinyorwa chemadzinza chebhiza rekutanga reCreole.

Kunze Kwemabhangi Bhiza

Iyo Yekunze Mabhangi bhiza rudzi rwe Bhiza remusango , que anogara pazvitsuwa zveOuter Banks eNorth Carolina. Mombe dzinogona kuwanikwa paOcracoke Island, Shackleford Banks, Currituck Banks, uye Rachel Carson Estuarine Sanctuary.

Kunze mabhanga bhiza

Vazukuru vemabhiza eSpain, irudzi rwemabhiza anogona kuita musango mushure mekupukunyuka kwechikepe kana kusiiwa kana kupukunyuka mune mamwe mafambiro akatungamirwa naLucas Vázquez de Ayllon kana Sir Richard Grenville.

Ivo mabhiza diki, yakasimba uye yakapfava hunhu , que Vakashandura hupenyu kuzvitsuwa uye kushambira pakati pavo vachitsvaga mvura yakachena uye huswa hutsva.

Peruvian Paso Horse

Iyo Peruvian Paso bhiza ndeye rudzi rwekuzvarwa, sekureva kunoita zita, kubva kuPeru Icho chizvarwa inozivikanwa kwemakore anopfuura mazana mana uye kuti anga achikura mune dzimwe nyika dzeSouth America senge Colombia kana Puerto Rico, uye zvakare muUnited States.

peruvian paso bhiza

Nehurefu hwakatenderedza 145 cm, isu takatarisana ne Pakati nepakati kusvika padiki bhiza, iine compact, yakafara uye ine mhasuru muviri. Makumbo avo, kunyange ari mapfupi, akasimba kwazvo. Mutsipa, wakayananiswa nemutumbi wese, unopera mumusoro wakafara uye wakapamhama une maziso anoratidza.

Kunyangwe isu tichigona kuwana angangoita ese marudzi ezvikamu, chestnut uye chestnut ruvara rinotungamira mune yavo fur.

Quarter Mile

El Quarter bhiza kana Quarter bhiza, imhando yemabhiza kutanga kubva kuUnited States kunyanya inokodzera kumitambo mipfupi, kunyanya iwo emakumi mana emamita kubva kwainowana zita rayo. Izvo zvinonzi ndiro bhiza revaya vafudzi vemombe nevarimi vanogara uye vanofa vakatasva mabhiza avo. Kuve wakakosha equine sebhiza remombe uye mumarudzi ese emakwikwi uye kuratidzira zvine chekuita nemadhodhi.

Ndirwo rudzi rwebhiza nemhuka dzakanyoreswa pasi rose, anodarika mamirioni mana, izvi zvinoita kuti ive imwe yemhando dzinozivikanwa dzeequine.

Quarter mamaira kota

Ikozvino Quarters ipfupi (pakati pe143 cm ne160 cm) uye yakasimba, iine mhasuru inovaka uye hombe uye yakafara bhokisi. Ivo vane imwe mitambo mikuru uye kugona basa, kuve nemukurumbira wekumhanya kwavo, kugona kwavo kutendeuka nekumira, kumhanyisa kwavo munzvimbo diki, njere uye hunhu hwakanaka.

Morgan

Iyo Morgan inobereka iri imwe yemhando yekutanga equine yakagadzirwa muUnited States. Naizvozvo, yakakonzera mazhinji emadzinza emunyika, senge Quarter bhiza, Tennessee Kufamba Bhiza kana Standardbred Horse. Chii chimwe, akanga aivigirwa kunyika dzakawanda muzana ramakore rechiXNUMX nerechiXNUMX. Ose ari muUnited States, senge muEurope neOceania, rudzi urwu rwakaverengerwa nekukudziridzwa. Muna 2005, anopfuura 175.000 XNUMX emabhiza eMorgan akafungidzirwa pasirese.

Morgan American sachigaro

Iko rudzi rweMorgan rwakajairika kumatunhu eVermont neMassachusetts. Icho chiri pamusoro peequines compact uye yakanatswa nehuswa, kazhinji, nhema kana shava, kunyangwe ivo vachigona kuburitsa zvidimbu zvakasiyana, kusanganisira iyo pint. Ivo chaizvo inozivikanwa nehukuru hwavo hwakasiyana siyana uye inoshandiswa mune dzakasiyana siyana. Aivewo mabhiza ehondo panguva yeAmerican Civil War.

Sezvatatoona neAppaloosa, kana kuyambuka Morgan neArabia bhiza imwe nyowani inomuka Morab. Nedonzvo rekugadzira mhando yerudzi rwemabhiza akareruka ayo aigonawo kuita basa rekurima, vakatanga kuyambuka marudzi maviri aya. Kubva 1880. Izvo zvaisazove kusvika muna 1973 apo bhiza rekutanga reMorab rakanyoreswa, risati rasvika zuva iri ivo vakanyoreswa muMorgan registry registry.

Kubatanidza runako uye simba, izvozvi Morab iri chaizvo yakakodzera makwikwi ekuratidzira nekukwezva kwayo. Uye zvakare, kune yayo Unhu hwakanaka iyo yakanaka equine yekutandarira kutasva uye seyakaenzana basa basa bhiza.

Mustang

Ehezve, ivo havagone kupotsa mabhiza emusango eNorth America: The mustang kana mustangs. Iyi equine rudzi inoonekwa seimwe yeiyo rakanyanya kunaka pasirese. Mumatanho avo, vanogona kuunza akasiyana siyana emvuri, zvisinei, siwe wakanyanya hunhu jasi ndiye uyo Inosanganisa toni dzebhuruu nematoni ebhuruu, izvo zvinopa mhuka kupenya kwakasarudzika. Iri jasi nderimwe remhando yepamusoro yezvinhu zvekushongedza zvemabhiza aya.

Mustang

Ivo vanokosheswa nekuda kwekudzivirira kwavo kukuru uye simba, iwo ari macompact macompimens ane urefu hwakareba pakati pe 135 cm kusvika 155 cm. Yake anokurumidza uye akazvimiririra zvachose hunhu hunhu hwemabhiza emusango. 

Muchokwadi, aya equines akatanga se bighorn mabhiza, mhuka dzakashanduka kuita musango, mushure mekutiza kana kusunungurwa nechimwe chikonzero. Mapani makuru eAmerica uye kusavapo kwezvikara zvakasikwa zvakakonzera kuwedzera kwayo nekukurumidza. Nhasi vari munjodzi yekutsakatika.

Nokota

Bhiza reNokota ndi kubereka kwemaroni uye semi-maroon equines iyo yakatanga munzvimbo dzakaipa dzeTeodoro Roosevelt National Park.

Hunhu hwerudzi urwu ndewekuti ndiyo yega mune roan-bhuruu fur inowanzoitika, kuwedzera kune nhema uye grey. Coverall mucherechedzo senge chena furhu inogona kuwanikwa mune mimwe mhuru yekumhara kumeso uye kumagumo.

Nokota

Iwo ekutanga equines kubva kurudzi urwu aive emombe dzesango dzakange dzave dzoga sezvo dzaifamba kubva kuDakota. 

Icho chizvarwa chine kugona kukuru kumamiriro ezvinhu akashata, agile uye akangwara, maficha ayo akabatsira kuti irarame. Sezvo ivo vaive mujaho wavakaedza kubvisa. 

Nhasi uno mabhiza eNokota gara muTeodoro Roosevelt National Park, Kugara nemabhiza epamba akaudzwa nemaune kupaki, uye mune netiweki yemapurazi nemapurazi pasi peruoko rweNokota Horse Conservancy (NHC). Chinangwa cheNHC ndechekuchengetedza huwandu hwepakutanga hweNokota uye nekutsigira iwo mabhiza emadzitateguru eNokota.

American Pinto

Akazvarwa se "Bhiza revaIndia" sezvo yaive maComanche maIndia, uye maRedskins akasarudza kushandiswa kwezvienzaniso izvi nerunako uye neruvara, kugona kwavo uye kurwisa kukuru.

pinto

Pakazosvika 1800, mapani ekumadokero kweUnited States aive nevanhu mapoka emusango emabhiza epintoque ivo vakave sosi yean equine kumaAmerican maIndia. Vaizove maIndia ekuAmerica aya vakatanga nekuberekana kwerudzi urwu, kutsvaga yakanyanya uye ine akanakisa maitiro ekuyambuka nemabhiza eSpanish.

Mhedzisiro yacho yaive compact mabhiza, ane tsananguro dzakatsanangurwa, inozivikanwa nekuve nemusoro mudiki uye wakapetwa, mutsipa murefu uye ipfupi uye yakasimba makumbo. Vaive mabhiza yesimba guru uye kuramba.

Nhasi, mazhinji emabhiza aya anogadziridzwa nemajini nekuvayambuka nerudzi rweQuarter-Mile, kuti vawedzere kusimudzira kugona kwavo panyama maererano nekumhanyisa uye kutsungirira.

Argento polo

Iyo Argentine Polo Horse rudzi rwakaenzana rwakagadzirwa muArgentina kuitira tsika yePolo. MaChirungu akaunza polo kuArgentina muna 1890 nekutenga mabhiza kuti atambe mutambo. MaArginia munguva pfupi akada mutambo uyu. Muma1920s vatambi vazhinji vane mukurumbira vakatanga kushandisa chete maCreole mabhiza nechinangwa ichi. Polo yeArgentina, Iyo inoberekwa kubva pakuyambuka kwePura Sangre de Carrera mabhiza ane rustic yenyika mabhiza.

Argento polo

YeArgentina Polo Horse inozivikanwa neayo kuramba kukuru uye kumhanya, zvese zvemajini avo uye zvekudzidziswa zvavanowana. Mabhiza ePolo anodzidziswa kwemakore akati wandei asati asvika iwo anodikanwa mhando yekutamba.

Kukosha kwekuberekana murudzi urwu kuri mukushushikana kwayo uye hunyanzvi, ichisiya zvekunaka zvakanyanya padivi. Iwo mienzaniso ye mutete muviri, mutsipa murefu uye makumbo akasimba akakodzera kukudziridza mutambo uyu.

Dombo regomo bhiza

ari "Rocky Mountain", sekureva kunoita zita, vari chepakutanga yeRocky Mountains eUnited States. Waive makore zana, pakauya imwe equine mudunhu riri kumabvazuva kweKetucky, chingave ichi chiratidziro chingazotanga kunzi "bhiza reR Rocky Mountains" uye uyo aizove baba verudzi urwu akakosheswa muEurope neNorth America.

Dombo regomo bhiza

Pasina mubvunzo, imwe ye zvakakosha weRocky Mountain ndiye mvere dzake. Sezvakaita nemastangamu, ivo vanomira kunze kune mumwe kunyanya ari anomiririra rudzi, kunyangwe ivo vachigona kuvhara chero chero rakasimba ruvara mumajasi avo. Iri jasi rinoshamisira uye rakanaka ratinoreva, rakagadzirwa chokoreti toni pamuviri, blonde mane uye blonde muswe nemasirivha esimbi.

Chimwe chikonzero nei rudzi urwu rwunozivikanwa kana kumira, kuwedzera kune hunhu hwaro, imhaka yekunakidzwa kwekambani yevanhu, kusvika padanho rekuti ivo vanofananidzwa nembwa.

American akasungirirwa

IAmerican kana America yakasungirirwa, inonziwo chigaro cheAmerica kana chiAmerican, rudzi rwebhiza rwakatanga muUnited States. Zviri inozivikanwa seyakanaka show dhonza bhiza. Pane zvikamu zviviri zvekuratidzira: avo vane nhanho nhatu (famba, trot uye canter) uye avo vane nhanho shanu, uko mukuwedzera kune akajairwa matanho ekufamba akaverengerwa muboka rapfuura, isu tinofanirwa kuwedzera rack uye inononoka nhanho.

akasungirirwa american

Nehurefu huri pakati pe150 cm ne 160 cm, rudzi urwu rwaive yakagadzirwa nekuyambuka Kukwana, Standardbreds neMorgans nemaresi emuno vaive nhanho yakapusa. Iine mimvuri mujasi inosiyana pakati peblack, bay, brown, brown kana grey.

Chigaro cheArgentino

YeArgentina Silla dzinza, akatanga kunyoreswa murejista yeSilla Argentino kubva muna 1941, nekuti pakanga paine homogeneity huru mumienzaniso yakabuda mumapoka akasarudzwa, neuyo wakatanga kuve rudzi rwakatsanangurwa.

Chigaro cheArgentino

Kubva parudzi urwu tinogona kuratidza hunhu hwayo ine simba uye ine hupenyu, inokodzera zvemitambo pamwe neyayo morphology. Iyo yakasimba uye yakaenzana chimiro, chepakati vhoriyamu uye huremu. Jasi rayo, rakatsetseka uye rakasviba, rinogona kuve chestnut, chestnut kana tordillo.

Tennessee Kufamba

Tennessee Kufamba Bhiza, inozivikanwawo seTennessee Paso Horse, Irudzi rwebhiza rakabuda kumaodzanyemba kweUnited States.

Rudzi urwu rwebhiza ndirwo inozivikanwa zvakanyanya seyakanaka kune chero rudzi rwebasa, kubva pakudhonza magejo, senzira yekufambisa. Inowanzo iri mhando inofungidzirwa nevarimi.

Imwe yehunyanzvi hukuru yeTennessee Kufamba, idanho rako. Kufamba kwemhuka kunoitwa negokora. Izvo zvakawiriraniswa uye zvine mutsindo mafambiro, kupa mutasvi kunyaradzwa kukuru uye kuendesa kushoma kushoma kwariri.

Tennessee kufamba

VaNarragansett Vanofamba veHurumende yeRhode Island, kuchamhembe kwakadziva kumabvazuva kweUnited States of America, uye mabhiza eCanada ndiwo madzitateguru erudzi urwu. Nekugadzirwa kweTennessee Kufamba, maequines aishanda muminda akasarudzwa. Vaive nehunhu hwekufamba zviri nyore kunyangwe munzvimbo ine makomo, hunhu hwaizogara nhaka vana vavo.

Ndinovimba iwe wakanakidzwa nekuverenga ichi chinyorwa zvakanyanya sekuita kwandakaita kuchinyora.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Paul coudenys akadaro

    mhando dzinoverengeka dzakakura dzeAmerica dzinoshaikwa, senge bhiza reAzteca (Mexico) Mangalarga Marchador (Brazil), Campolina (Brazil), Pantaneiro (Brazil), Colombian Creole, nezvimwe.