Spanish Equestrian Federation: Mavambo uye Mabasa

Royal yeSpanish Equestrian Federation

Muchinyorwa chanhasi tichaenda kutaura nezveRoyal Spanish Equestrian Federation, kwayakatangira uye kuranga uye zviitiko zvekutasva zvavanoshanda nazvo.

Asi kutanga ngatitaurei zvishoma nezve nyika yekutasva bhiza, sezvazvinozivikanwa izvozvo Bhiza rakabata chinzvimbo chakakosha pakati pevanhu kunyange hazvo mashandiro acho anga achichinja pamusoro pemakore. Wakagadzirira kuwana zvimwe zvishoma?

Nhoroondo yekutasva bhiza

Iko kumhanyisa kweequines kwakaita kuti dzive nhubu dzakaoma dzemurume anofamba-famba prehistoric murume, uye vaifanira kuenda kunovandira kuti vavatore nekudya nyama yavo.

Gare gare, kana vanhu vagadzikana uye anotanga kushanda ivhu nezvipfuyo, anoziva kuti bhiza rinogona kunge riri chishandiso chebasa chinobatsira. Nekudaro iyi mhuka yakave yakakosha kune vanhu.

Mabhiza Dzakashandiswa pabasa rezvipfuyo nezvekurima, asiwo kuita hondo. Imwe yemabhiza ane mukurumbira mukati memasoja evatasvi vemabhiza angave Bucephalus, naAlexander Mukuru. Kune iri basa rehondo bhiza kugadzirwa kwe stapes Yakanga yakakosha kwazvo.

Zvaakatangira uye kutanga kwemabhiza akatasva semutambo

MuMiddle Ages, ma Knights akadzidziswa muChikoro che Knights kana Spanish Chivalry vakawana mukurumbira mukuru. Kupfuuridza nguva Kutasva mabhiza emitambo uye makwikwi akawedzera kuwanda, kutasva mabhiza kwakabuda semutambo. Varaidzo yeiyi makwikwi inoenderera ichiitwa sezvingaonekwa mumufananidzo.

Tournament_horse

La Yekutanga kutasva chikoro yakabuda muItaly muna 1539. Kwemazana emakore, hunyanzvi hwakasiyana hwakabuda muhunyanzvi hwekutasva, senge chimiro chekutanga chekuzendamira apo bhiza riri kusvetuka (maitiro akaunzwa muna 1902).

En 1921 iyo International Equestrian Federation yakavambwa (FHI), ichibvumidza mirau yemakwikwi epasi rose, Mitambo yeOlympic uye zvimwe zvinodzidziswa pabhiza. Iyo FHI yakasikwa nevamiriri vemasangano masere emunyika: Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Japan, Norway, Sweden neUnited States. Ikozvino pane gumi nematanhatu nematanhatu emubatanidzwa kune iyo FHI.

Kugadzirwa kweRoyal Spanish Equestrian Federation

Chikumi 22, 1901 iyo Spanish Equestrian Society yakavambwa muMadrid sachigaro naDuke weUkubatsira. Ichi chiitiko chakaratidza kutanga kweyaizove Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation. Iyo nzvimbo yakasarudzwa yekutanga kirabhu ichave munyika dzegomo reEl Pardo, ye64 hectares yekuwedzera.

Muna Ndira 1908 pakukumbira kwechikwata, Mambo Alfonso XIII vakamupa zita rehumambo, vachizvidaidza ivo mushure mezvo "Royal Spanish Equestrian Society yeMadrid".

Pakutanga kwa1936, kirabhu yenyika yakavambwa uye ichishanda mushe, kunyangwe Hondo yeVanhu yakanganisa kukura kweiyo kirabhu hupenyu uye nezvivakwa zvacho. Zvakatora makore mana kuvaka zvivakwa zvakare. Nyika yakabatwa uye yakaderedzwa sezvo vamwe vavo vakave chikamu chebazi rezvekurima. Ichokwadi, zvakadaro, kuti iro Ministry pacharo rakakwanisa neMadrid City Council iyo kupihwa kwenzvimbo padyo neLa Zarzuela.

Mabasa akatangwazve uye Royal Spanish Equestrian Society uye Nyika Kirabhu zvakasanganiswa nemitemo mitsva, ichizvidaidza kubva panguva iyoyo iyo Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation. Yaive kubva panguva ino, mu1942, iyo kuvakwazve kwezvivakwa kwakasimudzirwa yeRoyal Spanish Equestrian Federation, kutanga nguva yekubwinya izvo zvaizogara kusvika makumi manomwe.

Muna 1983, kodzero dzenzvimbo dzavaive nadzo mumugwagwa weCastilla dzakadzimwa, vakatanga kutsvaga nyika nyowani. Vhura 1990 purazi rinotengwa muSan Sebastián de los Reyes uye basa rakatanga kunzvimbo idzodzo kutsvaga zvivakwa zvitsva.

Iyo kirabhu inoenderera mberi nekuvandudzwa kwayo munzvimbo idzi kubvira payakavhurwa muna 1997.

Zviitwa kana kurangwa kunoitwa

Miyedzo_yebhiza

kubvuta

Chirango chinosanganisira kuyedza kumhanya, kugona uye kuramba kwemuviri nepfungwa kwebhiza nemutasvi. Ivo vaviri vanofanirwa kufamba madaro marefu munzvimbo dzakasiyana siyana, muchikamu chezuva. Mutasvi anofanirwa kuziva maitiro ekuyedza iko kwakaitwa nebhiza rake. Pakupera kwemujaho, kumenya kwemhuka kunoyerwa uye kana ivo vari pamusoro peizvo zvinotenderwa, mutasvi anobviswa pamuedzo.

Basa kukwira mabhiza

Kupfuura kurairwa, iko kuita kwebhiza uye mutasvi webasa, iyo kurovedza nechinangwa chekusimudzira hunyanzvi hune mhuka nekuwana hunyanzvi yebasa nemombe mumunda. Kune makwikwi emunyika ebasa kutasva mabhiza ayo ane budiriro ye bvunzo ina, mumwe nemumwe kana muzvikwata: Dressage, Maneuverability, Speed ​​uye Kure kubva kumombe

Dressage

Iyi ndiyo imwe yedzidziso dzeOlympic. Izvi zvichibva pakabatana pakati pebhiza nemutasvi waro, richiita mafambiro akasiyana ekuoma kukuru yakasimbiswa muchirongwa. Mabhiza anofamba zvishoma nezvishoma, anozvishandura, anoita Passage kana Piaffe, munzira ye20m x 60m, pasi pekucherechedzwa kwevatongi. Kunyangwe kumwe kufamba kuri kwechisikigo kumhuka, zvinoda kudzidziswa kwakakura uye kugadzirira.

Nyaya inoenderana:
Kupfeka chirango cheOlympic

Dressage

Makwikwi akazara

Makwikwi akazara chirango icho mapoka echirango chekupfeka, kuratidza kusvetuka munzira uye kuyambuka.

Uku kuranga kunoitwa kwemazuva matatu, nguva dzose iine bhiza rimwe chete, rekutanga iro rinotanga nekupfeka, rechipiri bvunzo refu-refu uye kwekupedzisira bvunzo dzekukwira panzira.

Cowgirl Dressage

Cowgirl dressage inosanganisira kuita akateedzana e kurovedza kwakatorwa kubva kune anoitwa mukushanda nemombe. Aya maekisesaizi anoitwa mukati medu quadrilateral.

Hitch

Uku kuranga kunouya kubva kumakwikwi akakwana ekukwira, kunze kwekuti mune ino kesi inoshandiswa ngoro inodhonzwa nemabhiza kana maponi.

Kune zvikamu zvitatu: miti yemononi (bhiza rimwe), matangi (mabhiza maviri) uye yechina (mana mabhiza). Kukwikwidza kwekukwikwidza kwakanyorwa, sezvatakaona mumakwikwi akazara ekukwira, e bvunzo nhatu: Dressage pamhete 40m x 100m panoitwa imwe ongororo, inotongwa nedare rinokoshesa kuchinjika, kugara, kureba, kubata, kutyaira, kusangana nekutumira. Bvunzo yechipiri ndeye Muurayi, bvunzo yekuramba kuburikidza nedzidzo ine zvese zvakasikwa uye zvakagadzirwa zvipingamupinyi, mune iyo anokunda ndiye anogadza yakanakisa nguva. Muedzo wekupedzisira kugona, panogadziriswa zvipingamupinyi zvakasiyana, senge makoni kana mabhora) kana akawanda. Mune ino kesi, zvinokosheswa kusagogodza pasi izvo zvimhingamupinyi uye iyo sitampu yenguva iyo mumwe nemumwe anokwikwidza anoita.

Maponi

Izvo zviitiko nemaponi zvave zvichiwedzera muSpain kwemakore mashoma, izvi zvinoreva kuti madiki anogona kukwira mhuka dzehukuru hwakakodzera. Icho chiitiko chinoitika nemaponi Iyo inoenda kubva kune yakakwirwa yekutasva kusvika pakakwirira kusvetuka kana yakazara makwikwi.

achitonga

Iyi kuraira mutambo wehasha, mukati mekuraira kweMonta Western, umo mutasvi nebhiza vanofanira kuita nhevedzano yekufambisa kunofumura hunyanzvi hwemhuka.Iye mutasvi anofanirwa kubhadhara zvakanyanya kukurumidza, chinodikanwa mune yega yega manejimendi, ayo anotemwa nepateni. Mune bvunzo idzi bhiza rinofanira kugara rakatarisa uye rakagadzirira rairo yemutasvi waro. Hunhu, kutsetseka, kupenya, kumhanyisa, chiremera uye kumhanya kwebhiza zvinokosheswa.

Chipingamupinyi svetuka

Uku kuranga kunoedza kukwira bhiza kosi yezvipingamupinyi yakaitwa nemabhawa. Kuti uite chirango ichi nemazvo, zvipingamupinyi zvese zvinofanirwa kupfuudzwa pasina kugogodza chero mbariro.

Zvipingamupinyi makosi anokwikwidzwa nezviyero zvakasiyana-siyana: kutongwa kwenguva, kuvhima, simba kana nechitopu semuenzaniso. Iwo zvakare akaiswa mumapoka akasiyana zvichienderana nehurefu, pakati pe1,10 ne1,60.

Jumping_contest

trec

Mukuranga uku, kugona kwemutasvi kuita equestrian kutarisa mumaruwa.

horseball

Bhiza i mutambo apo mapoka maviri, enhengo nhanhatu akatasva bhiza mune yega, anotarisana. Kutakura bhora rine nhanho nhatu dzematehwe, vanofanirwa kuwana yakanyanya kuwanda zvibodzwa mumabhasikiti echikwata chinopesana. Izvi zvinofanirwa kuitwa nekupindira kwenhengo dzinosvika nhatu dzechikwata chinorwisa mumutambo wega wega, kutora bhora pasina kuburuka kubva pabhiza.

Para-equestrian

Ndiyo Yakagadziriswa dressage, yanga iri iyo Paralympic chirango kubvira 1996. Iwo masisitimu akajairika akafanana nehembe. Vatasvi, kuti vaongorore kukanganisa kwehurema hwemunhu mumwe nemumwe, vachitevedzera musimboti wekusiyana, vanofanirwa kuita izvo zvinonzi "Kurongwa kwevakaremara kweMitambo". Izvi zvinoitirwa kuti makwikwi ave akanaka sezvinobvira.

Flip

Kuranga uko kunogona kutsanangurwa se jimunasiti pane kumhanya bhiza. Bhiza rinotungamirirwa netambo nemutyairi. Iwo mutambo unokwikwidza zvikuru uye hunyanzvi uye imwe yeaya anozivikanwa neInternational Equestrian Federation.

Uye zvakare, kune ese aya maitiro, iyo Spanish Equestrian Federation zvakare inoita equestrian Tourism.

Tourism_horse

Masangano anodzivirira

Kune akasiyana masangano akazvimiririra akadai se: Andalusian Horse Riding Federation kana iyo Aragonese Horse Racing Federation. Saka kana iwe uchida kuwedzera ruzivo rwakanangana nenzvimbo yako yenzvimbo, tinokurudzira kuti ubvunze kune yakatarwa webhusaiti yemubatanidzwa wekuzvimiririra kwako.

Ndinovimba iwe wakanakidzwa nekuverenga ichi chinyorwa zvakanyanya sekuita kwandakaita kuchinyora.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako