Asturcón, kavalo wakutchire womaliza ku Europe

Hatchi ya Asturcón

Wachibadwidwe ku Asturias, Asturcón Ndi gawo lamipikisano yomwe, kalekale, idakhala ndi madera omwe amachokera kumapiri a Cantabrian kupita ku Pyrenees.

Amatchedwanso pony ya Asturian, Ndi mtundu wawung'ono komanso wamaluwa wa equine, yomwe yasungabe morphology yofanana kwambiri ndi nthawi mpikisanowu udayamba pafupifupi zaka 2.800 zapitazo. 

Kodi tadziwa zambiri za nyama zosangalatsa izi?

Asturcón ndi imodzi mwamahatchi akale kwambiri kapena ma ponyoni padziko lapansi. Zasonkhanitsidwa kale maumboni omwe amalankhula za iwo mzaka 80 a. C. kuwonetsa momwe anali amtengo wapatali chifukwa cha awo kuthamanga ndi kulimba mtima pomenya nkhondo, kuwonjezera pa mayendedwe ake osalala. 

Iwo akhala mwamwambo ankachita ntchito zaulimi, ngakhale mpikisano unali kufalikira ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito zina. Mu XNUMXth century Paris, mwachitsanzo, adagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kukonzekera mahatchi pamagalimoto ang'onoang'ono.

Masiku ano ma Asturcones adalowanso mu masewera ofanana. Mitundu ingapo yamtunduwu yafika pamwamba pomwe akatswiri okwera pamahatchi m'njira zosiyanasiyana ku Spain. 

Monga iwo?

Ndi kutalika mozungulira 125 cm., Ma Asturcones ndi ochepa mofanana omwe mawonekedwe ake ndi a mahatchi olimba, agile ndi osagwira, chifukwa cha minofu yake yodziwika bwino.

Mutu wake wamkati wapakatikati wokhala ndi mawonekedwe pang'ono a concave, uli ndi mphumi yayikulu yokutidwa ndi mphonje wakuda; zazikulu, zakuda, maso amoyo; makutu ang'onoang'ono komanso othamanga kwambiri, ndi mphuno yayikulu komanso yolimba.

Khosi lokwanira bwino, lolingana nthawi zambiri limakhala lopindika mwa amuna akulu. Ili ndi magalasi apambuyo, owulungika ndi ang'ono, pomwe omaliza amakhala ochepa kapena osakhalapo.

Thupi, la eSpalda ikutsika kwambiri, monganso rump, ndi nthiti za arched bwino, zotsalira pamiyendo yopyapyala yaziboda zazing'ono, zozungulira komanso zosagonjetseka.

El ubweya zamtunduwu ndizolimba kwambiri mane okhwima kwambiri ndi mchira wotsika. Mtundu wa Cape wake ndi wakuda, ngakhale zimasiyanasiyana ndi nyengo. Asturcón imazolowera nyengo yamapiri ndikuphimba thupi lake ndi chovala chaubweya wofiirira chomwe chimakutetezani ku nyengo yozizira.

Asturcon

Gwero: Wikipedia

Ponena za chikhalidwe chawo ali wolemekezeka komanso wamphamvu. Zakhala amawongolera, amawonetsa kupsa mtima, abwino kwa ana. Ndi ma equines omasuka kwambiri ndimikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri yolumpha. 

Mbiri ya inu pang'ono

Zolemba zakale zikuwonetsa kuti ma Asturcones adakhalako zaka zopitilira 2.000. Zochuluka malemba omwe Aroma amatchula akavalo amenewa chifukwa anali m'gulu lankhondo la Roma. 

Pa nthawiyi Zaka zapakati ndi Zamakono, nyamayi zinali zofunika kwambiri pachuma cha Spain. Adatumizidwa kumayiko ngati Ireland kapena France komwe adakoka ngolo zazing'ono. Kuphatikiza apo, zowonadi, kugulitsidwa kumadera osiyanasiyana aku Spain ngati kavalo wolima.

Mtundu wamtunduwu wasungidwa kuyambira nthawi zonse mpaka pano Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazomwe zimatulutsa mitundu yakumwera kwa Europe. 

Habitat

Mtundu uwu ndi gawo la banja lalikulu la akavalo ang'onoang'ono kapena mahatchi zomwe zimagawidwa ku Atlantic Arc, mbali ya m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Pacific yomwe imachokera ku Portugal kupita ku Scotland ndipo ikuphatikizapo Spain, France, England, Wales ndi Ireland.

Lero titha kupeza mitundu isanu ndi inayi yomwe mawonekedwe ake ndi ofanana: Garrano, Pottok, Dartmoor, Asturcón, Exmoor, Wales, Shetland, Highland ndi Connemara.

Koma tiyeni tibwerere ku Asturcón. Chifukwa chokhala dera lamapiri komanso lolimba la Asturias, ndi kulumikizana kovuta mpaka zaka za makumi awiri, mpikisanowu adatha kuteteza chiyero chake popewa mitanda zomwe zinawapangitsa kuti ataye mikhalidwe yawo, Kuphatikiza apo, idachepetsa kuwulula komanso kutumiza kunja. 

Mkhalidwe wa malo omwe mahatchiwa adakhazikika, wakomera zina mwazinthu zomwe mtunduwo uli nazo, monga, omwe amatchulidwa m'njira yotchuka "Corru." Ndi njira yodzitetezera m'magulu omwe ma Asturcones amakhala kuti athane ndi mimbulu yomwe idawazunza mwachizolowezi. Pakakhala zoopsa, gulu la mahatchi limakhala lokonzeka bwalo lokhala ndi ziphuphu mkati ndi mitu yakunja kuti adziteteze ndi miyendo yakutsogolo. Kuphatikiza apo, amayika ana aang'ono pakati wa bwalo komwe amatetezedwa kwambiri.

Masiku ano, ma Asturcones akupitilizabe kukhala kumapiri, ngakhale kuswana minda kumafalikiranso komwe mitundu yabwino kwambiri imasankhidwa, ikuthandizira kukulitsa ndi kulimba kwa mtunduwo.

Kubalana

Zotumiza zimafika ndi kasupe. Pambuyo pobereka miyezi khumi ndi chimodzi, maresiwo amasiyana pagulu kuti apeze malo abata komanso otetezedwa kuti abereke Asturcón watsopano. Pafupifupi nthawi zonse izi zimakhala zachangu kwambiri komanso mobisa usiku, motero zimachepetsa mwayi woukira.

Chizindikiro china cha kulimba mpikisanowu ndichoti chokha patatha masiku asanu ndi anayi chiberekere, mitimayo imayambanso kutentha, zomwe zimawatsogolera kuti aziwalera pafupipafupi mpaka atakwanitsa zaka makumi awiri ndi zisanu.

M'zaka za m'ma 80, mabungwe apadera ndi mabungwe omwe akutuluka monga Ana (Asturian Association of Friends of Nature), pamodzi ndi kukwezedwa kwa kuzindikira zachilengedwe nthawiyo, Adakwanitsa kuletsa kuchepa modabwitsa kwa mtunduwo. Pulogalamu ya Bungwe la Asturcón Breed Pony Breeders Association (ACPRA). Kutha kwa mtunduwo kunkawoneka kuti kuli pafupi koma zochita zomwe zidachitika zidachita bwino ndipo mtunduwo udapezedwanso. 

Phwando la Asturcón

Kuti timalize nkhaniyi komanso ngati chidwi, tikambirana za chikondwerero chomwe chimachitika ku Asturias mozungulira nyama izi.

Ku Majada de Espineres, pakati pazachilengedwe (Sierra del Sueve, Piloña), kuli chikondwerero chomwe chimakondwerera kuchira kwa kavalo waku Asturian, mtundu wobadwira, wamtchire komanso wamaluwa. Ndi tsiku lodzaza ndi zochitika pomwe ziwonetsero zamavalidwe ndi chiwonetsero cha mitundu yoweta yomwe ili ndi okwera pamahatchi ndikukoka magalimoto akale amaonekera.

Phwando lakhala alengezedwa ndi chidwi cha alendo mu ukulu wa Asturias.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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