Mahatchi oyeserera ndi mitundu yawo yoyimira kwambiri

Choyesera mahatchi

Mahatchi oyeserera ndi awa amagwiritsidwa ntchito chifukwa chakukoka kwawo kwakukulu. Mwachikhalidwe akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito pantchito zaulimi, ngati oyendetsa komanso ngati mahatchi onyamula nthawi zina omwe amafunikira makina osunthira.

Hatchi yosanja, imafunikira chisamaliro chapadera ndikudyetsa kutengera mtundu ndi kuchuluka kwa ntchito zomwe amachita tsiku ndi tsiku.

Ambiri ya mitundu yamahatchi yoyambira kunalibe zaka za zana la XNUMX zisanachitike. Kuyambira zaka za zana lino zosowa zankhondo ndi zaulimi zomwe zimafotokoza mafuko ntchito yolemetsa. Kuphatikiza pa kutengera kusintha kwa mafakitale, kukonza magaleta ndi makina azaulimi.

Awo Mayiko omwe anali ndi njira zamalonda anapeza ma equine atsopanowa komanso amphamvu kwambiri. Ngakhale malo omwe anali ndi ngalande amawagwiritsa ntchito kupatsira mphamvu kumadzi pogwiritsa ntchito zingwe zama waya komanso zida zamagetsi.

Ku Spain kunalibe akavalo olemera opita usilikali kufikira m'zaka za zana la XNUMX.

mtundu wamahatchi

Mitundu yamahatchi oyambira

Titha kupeza mitundu itatu ya kavalo wosanja malinga ndi mawonekedwe ndi kagwiritsidwe, onse okhudzana mwakuthupi: akavalo olemera, mahatchi othamangitsana olemera komanso mahatchi opepuka.

Mahatchi olemera

Ndiwo mahatchi akuluakulu kwambiri Analemera mpaka 180 cm atafota. Zilinso zazikulu, zolemera 600kg kupitilira 1000kg. Awo Miyendo ndiyofupikitsa ndipo mafupa ake ndi olimba ndi minofu yolimba. Kuphatikiza apo, nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi bata.

Mitundu ina yolemera kwambiri ndi: American cream draft, Ardennes kavalo, kavalo waku Belgian, Breton horse, Percheron, Shire horse, Bolognese kavalo kapena Catalan Pyrenean horse.

Mahatchi oyenda mwamphamvu

Mahatchi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyendera monga mabasiketi amafunikanso mphamvu mwachangu. Ichi ndichifukwa chake akavalo olemera omwe sankagwira ntchito mwamphamvu sanali oyenera kuthamangira pantchito zothamanga izi. Mahatchi oyenda molimba kwambiri ndi nyama zopepuka zomwe zimatha kupita patali pang'ono.

Mitundu ina yolemera kwambiri ndi Percheron komanso mitundu yochepa ya Breton, yotchedwanso Breton Postire, Ardenes akavalo.

Mahatchi owala pang'ono

Awa ndi mahatchi opepuka kwambiri pakati pa akavalo oyenda. Nthawi zambiri amachita ntchito monga kukweza ngolo zazitali kwambiri kuposa ziwirizi.

Timapeza mgululi monga: Morgan kapena Hackney.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwachikhalidwe kwamahatchi onyamula

Agriculture

Akavalo olemera ankagwiritsidwa ntchito kulima ndi kusuntha makina amitundu yonse mpaka akavalo ndi nyulu zidasinthidwa ndikupita patsogolo kwaukadaulo.

mahatchi olima

Kuyendetsa katundu ndi anthu

Ndizodziwika bwino kuti munthawi zosiyanasiyana katundu anali kunyamulidwa ndi ngolo zokokedwa ndi akavalo. Ngolozi zitha kukhala zamitundu yosiyana ndi kukula kwake, malinga ndi zomwe anali ndi dzina limodzi: ngolo, ngolo, tartata, galley.

Mutha kudziwa mitundu ingapo yamagaleta omwe akokedwa ndi mahatchi munkhani yathu: Magalimoto okwera pamahatchi: mbiri, mitundu ndi ntchito

Monga mfundo zazikuluzikulu tikutchula ziwiri, imodzi yogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri ndipo yachiwiri kuti ichite chidwi:

Zochitika

Kwa nthawi yayitali mayendedwe pakati pa mizinda kapena matauni adachitika atakwera pamahatchi. Misewu, yomwe imagwirizana ndi yomwe Aroma anamanga, inali yoipa kapena kunalibe. Kugwiritsa ntchito kwa chonyamulira kunafalikira ndipo misewu idamangidwa pakati pa mizindayi, ndikukhazikitsa mizere yamagalimoto apakati pamizinda yayikulu. Anali mahatchi okakamiza omwe adakwaniritsa ntchito yotsogolera milanduyi.

Njanji

Ku Paris kunali ma trams okokedwa ndi ma equines.

Kuweruza mahatchi

Monga tanena kale, mizinda yomwe inali ndi mayendedwe amtsinje, akavalo amathandizira. Nyamazo zinakoka malondawo pogwiritsa ntchito zingwe m'malo mwa anthu kapena nyulu zomwe zinkakoka malondawa mpaka mahatchiwo atayamba kuwonekera.

Kuyendetsa makina

Mahatchi oyeserera adagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati chida chamagetsi kapena zida zamagetsi monga ma loom, mphero, makina osindikizira, mapampu amadzi, ndi zina zambiri. Nyama zimamangiriridwa pa winch yolumikizana yolunjika pamzere wazitsulo zopangidwa mwaluso. Akavalo adakonzedwa kuti azizungulira mozungulira ndi mphamvu zofunikira kuti akwaniritse mphamvu zomwe zikufunika pakugwiritsa ntchito makinawo.

Ntchito ya nkhalango

M'malo ovuta, ndi akavalo okoka kumene omwe amakoka kukoka mitengoyo.

kavalo wogwira ntchito m'nkhalango

Mitundu yayikulu yamahatchi oyenda

Tsopano tiwona ina mwamipikisano yayikulu mkati mwa Draft akavalo. Koma choyamba tikambirana za zomwe zimawoneka bwino zomwe mahatchi amakoka.

Zizindikiro zodziwika bwino za mitundu yamahatchi yosanja

Mahatchi akapangidwe amadziwika bwino chifukwa cha mphamvu zazikulu ndi chipiriro. Ndi zazikulu, zazitali, zazikulu zazikulu, ngakhale monga momwe tafotokozera kale, kutengera mtundu wamahatchi omwe ali nawo, udzakhala wokulirapo. Amatha kusiyanasiyana kuyambira 160 cm mpaka 180 cm ndikufota ndikukhala pakati pa 600 ndi 1000 kg, ngakhale zolembedwa zolemetsa zitha kupitilira kulemera kotsiriza.

Mafupa a akavalo awa ndi olimba komanso akulu. Minofu yake yotukuka kwambiri. Mbiri ya mutu nthawi zambiri imakhala yaifupi komanso yosalala, ndipo miyendo ndi yayifupi.

Zikhotho zimatha kukhala zosiyanasiyana kutengera mtundu womwe ukukambidwa, ngakhale amakhala ndi malaya ochepa. Mitundu ina, monga ma Percherons, imakhala ndi ziboda zawo zokutidwa ndi tsitsi. 

Ponena za mawonekedwe ake, ndi za nyama zodekha kwambiri.

Ndipo tsopano inde, tikambirana za mitundu inayi yamagulu awa.

Mahatchi achi Ardenes

Tili kale amodzi mwa mitundu yakale kwambiri yamahatchi. Mitunduyi imabadwira ku Ardennes, Belgium, Luxenburg ndi France, koyamba ndi komwe amatchedwa. Komabe, mbiri ya izi imagwirizana idayambiranso zambiri m'mbiri, ku Roma wakale. Mahatchi a Ardennes kapena Ardennes ndi makolo amitundu ina yambiri.

Hatchi ya Ardenes

Poyambira kwawo adali okoka akavalo m'malo mwa gulu lolemera, koma m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, mtunduwo udasakanikirana ndi akavalo aku Arabia kuti uchepetse. Lero limawerengedwa kuti hatchi yolemera kwambiri. 

Anali zofunika kwambiri kuti muchite ntchito yankhondo, onse ngati kavalo wonyamula anthu komanso ngati okwera pamahatchi okwera pamahatchi.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za mtunduwu mutha kupeza zambiri m'nkhani yathu: Mahatchi a Ardennes, amodzi mwa mitundu yakale kwambiri yosindikiza

Chojambula cha American Cream

Mtundu uwu wa kavalo ndiye kavalo yekhayo amene amakonzedwa ku United States komwe kulipo lero. Amadzitcha dzina kuchokera ku kirimu wake wamtengo wapatali wa champagne ndi maso ake a amber.

Ndi mtundu wokhala ndi zitsanzo zochepa ngakhale ntchito ikuchitidwa kuti isatayike.

Chojambula cha American Cream

Gwero: youtube

Hatchi yosanja yaku Italiya

Es amodzi mwa mitundu yaying'ono kwambiri yosanja, makamaka amatha kufikira 160 cm. Kuphatikiza pa kukhala wolimba, ndi mtundu wachangu womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kavalo woweta. Ili ndi pompadour ndi mchira wa blonde.

ChiLatvia

Pakati pa mpikisanowu, timapeza mitundu itatu yamahatchi oyenda: ntchito yolemetsa ya ku Latvia, theka la ntchito yolemera ya ku Latvia komanso kuunika konyamula magetsi ku Latvia.

Kavalo wosanja waku Belgian

Poyamba kuchokera ku Belgium, ndi amodzi mwamitundu yomwe yakhalapo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ku United States ndi Canada. Ankagwiritsidwa ntchito koposa zonse kunyamula katundu wambiri.

Hatchi Yaku Belgian

Nkhonya ya Suffolk

Mitunduyi idachokera kudera lomwelo. Anapezeka posankha mitundu yakomweko m'derali. Ndi mtundu wautali womwe umafunikira chakudya chochepa kuti upulumuke. Lero kulibe makope ambiri.

Percheron

Izi mtundu wochokera ku Le Perche, ku France, sikudziwika kokha chifukwa cha mphamvu zazikulu ndi umphumphu koma chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake okongoletsa adayamikiridwa kotero kuti amaziyika pamndandanda wambiri wa akavalo okongola kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Percheron

Pang'ono ndi pang'ono, mtunduwu unali kufalikira ndikutenga mitundu yosiyanasiyana kutengera dziko lomwe likupitilizabe kukula. Ngati mukufuna kudziwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamtunduwu, tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwone nkhani yathu: Percheron kavalo

Breton kavalo

Takumananso ndi kavalo wina wochokera ku France. Ndi mtundu wopangidwa mu Zaka za zana la XNUMX ndipo ali ndi luntha lalikulu. Dzinalo limachokera kumapiri a Breton, komwe analipo kwambiri.

Ndi mtundu wa rustic, woyenda mwachangu komanso wowonda mosangalatsa ngakhale wokulirapo.

Chibretoni

Clydesdale, PA

Mtundu uwu wamahatchi okonzekera ndi chifukwa cha kuwoloka mahatchi olemera achi Scottish ndi akavalo achi Flemish. Zinasinthidwa powoloka ndi a Shire ndi Aarabu. Zonsezi zimapangitsa mtunduwu kukhala wokongola kwambiri.

kutchfuneralhome

Bolognese

Ndi mawonekedwe a akavalo aku Arabia ndi Berber, uwu ndi mtundu wa kukula kwakukulu ndi kulemera (pafupifupi 850 kg). Ndi mtundu chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pantchito zokoka pang'onopang'ono. 

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


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