Mahatchi a Appaloosa ndi malaya awo owoneka bwino

Appaloosa kavalo

M'nkhani yamasiku ano, tikambirana za mtundu wa equine ndi malaya apadera kwambiri: Hatchi ya Appaloosa. Mosakayikira mudzavomereza nane kuti ndi a mtundu womwe uyenera kukhala m'gulu la wokongola kwambiri wa ma equine. 

Cape yovunda wa Appaloosa zitha kuwonedwa pazithunzi zaku France zaphanga Zaka 20.000 zapitazo. Ku China, mu nthawi ya MingUbweya uwu unali wamtengo wapatali kotero kuti mafano opaka utoto oyimira ma equine apezeka. Pambuyo pake, m'zaka za zana la XNUMX, panthawi yolanda Dziko Latsopano, pomwe ubweya wambiri umapezeka pakati pamahatchi aku Spain.

Kodi mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za iwo?

Monga m'mitundu ingapo yaku America, chiyambi chake chidachokera ku akavalo omwe ogonjetsa aku Spain adabweretsa ku America. Zaka mazana ambiri zapitazo, akavalo anali atakhalapo ku America, koma adatha zaka zoposa 11.000 miliyoni zapitazo.

Pambuyo pakubwezeretsanso ndalama ku America, awa iwo anali akufalikira Kontinenti yonse mahatchi owetedwa komanso mahatchi abulu. Zomalizazi ndizofunikira kwambiri zikafika ku mtundu wa Appaloosa.

Akavalo a maroon ndi omwe adatsalira aulere, Mwina chifukwa chakuti athawa kapena chifukwa choti eni ake adawamasula nthawi yachisanu kuti asawasunge kapena pazifukwa zina zosiyanasiyana. Izi zimafanana ndi moyo wamtchire ndikupanga ng'ombe ku America konse. 

Appaloosa ndi dontho

Appaloosa wokhala ndi wosanjikiza ndi dontho

Inali panthawiyi yaufulu kwa akavalo ena, pomwe Amwenye a Nez Perce adazindikira izi nyama imeneyo ndi ubweya wodabwitsa, idasinthidwa kukhala mtundu wa nyama zomwe amafunikira pakusaka kwawo komanso pankhondo. Adawona kutchuka kwa ma equine, kusinthasintha komanso mphamvu zawo, zomwe amayenera kuwonjezera kapu yawo.

Kwa zaka zoposa 200, Nez Perce anasankha akavalo omwe anali ndi mawonekedwe abwinoko ndipo adagwiritsa ntchito omwe amayimira bwino mtunduwo womwe anali nawo m'malingaliro. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono Makhalidwe omwe amasiyanitsa mahatchi a Appaloosa adakhazikitsidwa.

Monga iwo?

Amwenye a Nez Perce adakweza akavalo awo posaka komanso kumenya nkhondo ndi mafuko oyandikana nawo, chifukwa chake anali a Mitundu yolimba yomwe imalimbana kwambiri masiku osamwa ngakhale kudya. Makhalidwe amenewa awasandutsa mahatchi lero Amtengo wapatali pamayeso amphamvu ndi kupirira, kuwukira, matani, ndi zina zambiri. 

Ndi kutalika pakati pa 145 cm ndi 160 cm, Appaloosa amalingaliridwa umodzi mwamipikisano yothamanga kwambiri zomwe zilipo lero.

Amapereka fayilo ya Chotupa komanso chotupa kwambiri, msomali miyendo yolimba kwambiri wokhala ndi mafupa. Nthawi zambiri samakhala ndi tsitsi lochuluka kwambiri kumachira ndi manes awo. Makutu awo ndi ang'ono kwambiri ndipo maso awo ndi akulu.

Zambiri ziwiri zomwe zimadziwika ndi mtunduwu, kuphatikiza pakhungu ndi malaya ake zomwe tikambirana mgawo lotsatirali, ndi: mbali imodzi kuti sclera (dera loyera la diso la munthu) ndi yoyera komanso yowonekera kwambiri kuposa mitundu ina akavalo momwe zimangowoneka ngati nyama ikuyang'ana mmwamba, pansi kapena mbali imodzi. Komano, okhala ndi chipewa chamizere yozungulira ndi mikwingwirima yoyera ndi yakuda.

appalosa

Ponena za khalidweli, tili patsogolo pa ma equine ena olimba mtima, olimba mtima komanso achangu, mtundu womwe ipambana kuthamanga kwake komanso changu chake.

Chovala cha kavalo wa Appaloosa

Mkanjo wamawangamawanga wa akavalo a Appaloosa mosakayikira ndi wawo mawonekedwe apadera kwambiri komanso apadera. Koma ndikofunikira kudziwa izi si akavalo onse amawangamawanga omwe ali amtunduwu.

Appaloosa ali ndi khungu lofiirira lokhala ndi malo amdima, Kuipatsa mawonekedwe a khungu lokhathamira, china chomwe sichinangokhala zimachitika mthupi komanso pamphuno, mozungulira maso ndi maliseche. Pachifukwachi tiyenera kuwonjezerapo kale zomwe tanena kale za chipewa chamizeremizere ndi sclera yoyera ngati anthu.

Tsopano tiyeni tikambirane mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zigawo zomwe titha kupeza mkati mwa mtundu uwu:

  • Ndi dontho: Pamalo owala, mawanga angapo akuda amagawidwa.
  • Chipale chofewa: Mtundu wapansi umakhala wakuda pomwe ma specks ake ndi oyera ndipo amagawidwa mthupi lonse.
  • Marbled: Mu chovalachi, mbali yakutsogolo imakhala ndi malo amdima okhala ndi madera oyera ndi mitundu ina, pomwe kumbuyo kwa kavalo kumakhala kowala komanso kwamdima. Miyendo nthawi zambiri imakhala yakuda.

Marbled appaloosa

  • Kambuku: Kumbuyo kowala mawanga owulungika amagawidwa mu chovala chonsecho.
  • Kuwala kowala: Chotupa ndi dera la impso ndizowala pang'ono. Manes nawonso ndi amdima.
  • Mzere wonyezimira: Zosiyanazi zomaliza zimaganiziridwa itha kukhala yoyambirira ya mpikisanowu; Amakhala kuti chotupa ndi impso za nyama zimakhala zowala komanso zimakhala ndi mawanga akuda.

Appaloosa adawonekera m'chiuno

Monga lamulo wamba, mitundu ya malaya amphongo imawonekera kwambiri kuposa za akazi.

Zambiri za mbiri yake

Dzinalo "Appaloosa" limachokera ku dzina la mtsinje womwe udadutsa madera a Nez Perce: Mtsinje wa Palousse.

Mtundu uwu womwe Nez Perce anali wamphamvu kwambiri komanso wolimba, motero Mu 1876 boma la North America lidalamula kuti akavalo onse a Appaloosa awonongeke, pomvetsetsa kuti anali chida chabwino kwambiri pankhondo zamtunduwu.

Mwamwayi dongosololi silinachite bwino ndipo malo ochepa a Appaloosa equines adapulumuka. 

Chaka cha 1938 ndichofunika za mtundu uwu ndiye Appaloosa Horse Club idakhazikitsidwa (APHC) ndipo mahatchi ofunikirawa adachira. Lero palibe Appaloosa yemwe angawonedwe ngati "wopanda" popanda satifiketi yoyenera kuchokera ku APHC.

Mgwirizanowu udakhazikitsa pulogalamu yothandizira ndikuwongolera mtundu wa Appaloosa. Zitsanzo zochepa zomwe zidapulumuka zidasakanikirana ndi mafuko kotala mile kapena achiarabu (komwe mtundu wa AraAppaloosa umatuluka) pazifukwa izi.

Nyalugwe wa Appaloosa

Nyalugwe wa Appaloosa

Pakalipano chiwerengero cha ma Appaloosas opitilira 600.000, ndikupangitsa kuti ukhale mtundu wachitatu wotchuka kwambiri wa dziko.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mwasangalala kuwerenga nkhaniyi momwe ndimalembera.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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