Kodi kuberekana kwa akavalo kuli bwanji?

Mare ndi mbidzi

M'kati mwa dziko la kavalo timapeza zinthu zambiri komanso mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ingakhale yosangalatsa kwa onse omwe amakonda nyama yabwinoyi. Sikuti kukhala ndi kavalo kumangotanthauza kuyenda, kukwera, ndi zina zambiri, koma palinso zotheka zina monga mpikisano wamasewera (kuthamanga kapena kukwera mahatchi), mpikisano womwe mawonekedwe ake amtengo wapatali komanso chinthu chosangalatsa: ana.

Ambiri ochita zosangalatsa amafuna kuti atenge ana kuchokera pamahatchi awo. Dziwani momwe zimakhalira ndi pakati, kubereka komanso kusamalira mwana wamng'ono. Koma, ziyenera kudziwika kuti izi Si ntchito yosavuta. Ndikofunikira kukhala ndi chidziwitso chochuluka ndikupeza maphunziro angapo oti tigwiritse ntchito kuti tipeze chidziwitso chomwe chingakhale chothandiza kwambiri, makamaka ngati tikufuna kupitiriza ndi kuswana kwa kavalo mpaka kufika poti tingathe kuphunzitsa mahatchi kapena ng'ombe zathu.

Ndikofunikira, pafupifupi nthawi zonse, kutembenukira kwa katswiri kapena winawake kuti atilangize bwino pankhanizi, kuti tipewe mavuto ambiri omwe angabuke. Komabe, pansipa tiyesetsa kukutsogolerani popereka zinthu zingapo zosangalatsa komanso chidziwitso kuti izi zitha kusangalatsa kuweta mahatchi.

Kodi mahatchi amaberekana liti?

Mare akudyetsa ndi mwana wake wamphongo

Nthawi yoyenera kwambiri pachaka yobereka akavalo achichepere ndi kasupe, monga zimachitikira ndi mitundu ina yambiri yazinyama, makamaka zonse zomwe zili mgulu lazinyama. Chifukwa kapena choyambitsa ndikuti panthawiyi chakudyachi chimakhala chochuluka kwambiri ndipo nyengo sizimakhala zowopsa koma m'malo mofatsa, masana masana ndimasewera.

Kuwonjezeka kuwala kwambiri kumapangitsa otchedwa "Malo olandirira" omwe ali muubongo omwe ndiomwe amayambitsa kuyambitsa mahomoni, kuphatikiza ogonana.

Chinyengo pang'ono, chomwe obereketsa ena a ziweto zina amagwiritsanso ntchito, pogwiritsa ntchito akatswiri azakuthambo monga chitsanzo perekani nyali yokumba m'khola kapena malo oberekera. Njira imeneyi imapangitsa kuti nthawi yoyambira mahatchi athu iyambike motero titha kupititsa patsogolo nthawi yobereka.

Kukula msinkhu m'magulu awa nthawi zambiri kumabwera wazaka zitatu. Nthawi zosayembekezereka, pakhala pali zochitika zomwe mwana wamkazi wamphongo kapena mwana wamng'ono wakhala akubala miyezi khumi ndi isanu ndi itatu yokha, koma ndikulimbikira kuti ndichinthu chapadera ndipo sichimachitika kawirikawiri.

Nthawi yoyenera kubadwa kwa ana ang'onoang'ono ili pakati pa Meyi ndi Juni.

Mimba ya akavalo

Mbalame yothamanga

Nthawi ya bere, monga lamulo, ili pafupi miyezi khumi ndi iwiri, mozungulira masiku 340. Koma, monganso zinthu zina zambiri, ili si lamulo lokakamiza. Pali mimba za mares zomwe mwana wakhanda wakula bwino ndipo amabadwa kumapeto kwa miyezi khumi yoyambirira, zomwe zimafunikira chisamaliro chapadera. M'malo mwake, pamakhala zochitika zina zomwe zimachitika mpaka chaka, nthawi zambiri mwana amakhala wamwamuna.

Chodabwitsa ndichakuti nthawi zambiri kubadwa kwa maresi kumachitika usiku. Anati kupulumutsa osapitilira mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Ngakhale ziyenera kudziwika kuti ngati mayi apeza kapena akuwona zoopsa zina, amatha kusokoneza kubereka.

Pakati pa mimba ndikofunikira kutenga njira zambiri zodzitetezera. Ndikofunika kunena kuti kukula kwa achinyamata kumachitika mkati mwa chiberekero m'miyezi itatu yapitayi ya mimba. Chifukwa chake, m'miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyambirira ya bere, maresi amatha kuphimbidwa popanda vuto lililonse, koma kuyambira pano atha kukhala ngozi yayikulu yomwe ingayambitse kufa kwa kamwana kakang'ono.

Chakudya chimakhala chofunikira nthawi zonse, komanso chimakhala chofunikira kwambiri panthawi yapakati. Kupatsa mahatchi athu zakudya zabwino komanso zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza zowonjezera mavitamini, ndikofunikira.

mavitamini ndi zakudya zamahatchi
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Mavitamini ndi zakudya zamahatchi

Upangiri wa obereketsa onse omwe nyama zawo sizili panja, koma amakhala modyera ndi malo ang'onoang'ono masana onse, ndi kuchita masewera olimbitsa thupi. Kuyenda pang'ono, ngakhale kuthamanga pang'ono, kupita kumalo athu okhala ndi pakati ndichinthu chabwino kwambiri.

Kusamalira ana

Mwana wakhanda wobadwa kumene

Ngati tikufuna kuti mwana wathu akule mwamphamvu komanso wathanzi, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi malingaliro angapo pamakhalidwe awo, zizolowezi zawo, ndi zina zambiri.

Chimodzi mwazithunzi zomwe zimatikhudza kwambiri kavalo wachichepere ndi miyendo yake yayitali. Mwana wakhanda wakhanda amakhala ndi miyendo yayitali, yomwe imalola imirirani ola limodzi lokha mutabadwa, ndipo muthamange maola awiri kuchokera nthawi imeneyo.

Miyendo yayitali imeneyi imaletsanso kuti imfikire ndi msoti wake udzu womwe uli pansi, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti, mwachilengedwe, mbidzi zimangodya mkaka wopangidwa ndi amayi awo. Mkaka wokhala ndi mapuloteni omwe amafulumizitsa ndikusintha kukula kwa achinyamata. Kuphatikiza apo, mkaka woyamba womwe mahatchi amatulutsa amatchedwa "colostrum", yomwe ili ndi ma antibodies ambiri.

Anawo nthawi zambiri amayamwa ndikudyetsa mphindi XNUMX zilizonse, pafupifupi. Ngati tiona zosalongosoka pamakhalidwewa, mwina ndi chifukwa chakuti mwana wa buluyo sakutha kufikira mabere a mahatchi molondola, kapena mwina mkaka wa mawere suli wabwino, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mwana wa ng'ombe akane.

Ng'ombe ikangomaliza kuyamwa, ndibwino kuti mupereke chakudya chamtengo wapatali kuti mupeze zolakwika pakukula kwake. Ndibwino kuti mumupatse mtundu wina wa zowonjezera mavitamini, makamaka za vitamini (mavitamini A, D ndi E makamaka).

El batani la m'mimba ndichinthu chomwe chimadetsa nkhawa oweta. Chisamaliro chanu, masiku onse mutabereka, ndikofunikira kwambiri. Ngati chikuwoneka chabwinobwino, palibe chifukwa chochitapo kanthu china kupatula kuyeretsa ndi mankhwala opha tizilombo. Koma ngati tiwona kuti siyabwino, nthawi zina imakhala njira yothawira mkodzo, osaganizira kawiri ndipo muyenera kupita mwachangu kwa owona zanyama. Ngati sichoncho, zovuta zowopsa zitha kubwera.

Ngakhale amakhala achichepere, akavalo achichepere ndi nyama zolimbikira, chifukwa chake ngati tazindikira kuti mwana wathu wamphongo amakhala nthawi yayitali akugona, mwina ndi chifukwa chofooka kapena kudwala.

Kuswana mahatchi kumatha kukhala kosangalatsa komanso kopindulitsa, bola ngati titamvetsetsa za zinthu zina zomwe zimatithandiza nthawi yonseyi. Tikukhulupirira kuti tathandizidwa kwambiri ndipo tatha kufotokozera kukayika komwe kumakhalapo pankhaniyi.

Mwachidule, mahatchi amatani?

Woyamwa woyamwa

Mwa akavalo, gawo loberekera nthawi zambiri limayamba ndi kutha msinkhu, komwe kumachitika mwa akazi azaka zapakati pa 15 ndi miyezi 24 zakubadwa, pomwe mwa amuna imawonekera msinkhu wachinyamata chifukwa nthawi zambiri imayamba pakati pa Miyezi 14 ndi 18, Mphindiyi ndiyofunika kwambiri pamahatchi popeza njirayi siyongoganizira zokhazokha, koma ndiyofunikanso pakukula bwino ndikuchita bwino kwa nyama.

Koma njirayi ndi yovuta kwambiri popeza pakubala mwaluso, osati kutulutsa mbeu pali magawo omwe mahatchi ndi azimayi amachita ndikofunikira kuti akwaniritse, popeza kale payenera kukhala mphindi yakubwenzi, komwe mahatchi amasewera pomwe yamphongo imalamulira mpaka nthawi ina yamphongo imawonetsa kubereka kwake ndipo ndipamphindi yomwe zimakhalira.

Kuzungulira kwa mares kumadalira nthawi yojambula, popeza maresi ndi nyama zanyengo zambiri, kukhala ndi kuzungulira kwake kwa mwezi masiku 21, kukhala ndi kutentha kwakanthawi kochepa masiku 5 kotero tiyenera kudziwa bwino, ngati tikudikirira kubereka mahatchi, ngakhale akatswiri amati nthawi yabwino kwambiri kuti mwamunayo azikwera ndi pakati pa 12 koloko ndi o ' Maola 36 kuchokera kumayambiriro kwa kutentha chifukwa ndi nthawi yomwe mahatchi akutulutsa mazira kotero kuti mwayi wopezera mwana wamphongo kuti akhale ndi mimba ndiwokwera kwambiri.


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