Pehea ka holo o ka lio

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I ka ʻatikala o I kēia lā ke haʻi aku nei mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i kekahi o nā ʻāpana nui no nā mea ola a pau: ka ʻōnaehana holo. A kikoʻī kēlā o nā kaulike.

ʻ statelelo nā biologists he poʻe loea i kēia mau holoholona e pili ana i 300 mau ʻano lio o nā lio. He ʻano kūlike ko kēlā me kēia laha i ka helehelena o ka holoholona ka hana ʻana o ke kino āpau i ka hoʻomohala a hana i kahi ʻano like e ka ʻohana like ʻole o ka honua holoholona. No laila, e pili ana i kā lākou ʻōnaehana kaapuni, me ka nānā ʻole i ka laha, ʻo ka mea hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i loko o ka ʻatikala pili i nā lio a pau, nā mea a kā lākou lāhui.

ʻIke iki paha mākou i kēia ʻāpana o ke kino o kēia mau holoholona kupaianaha?

ʻO ka hana ʻana o ka ʻōnaehana kahe e like loa me nā kānaka a me nā māmela ʻē aʻe. A MEHana ʻia ka ʻōnaehana puni o ka ʻōnaehana cardiovascular, hana ʻia e ka puʻuwai a me nā ʻauwai e holo ai ke koko, a ma ka ʻōnaehana lymphatic. ʻO ke kumu nui o ka ʻōnaehana kahe o ka puʻuwai, ʻo ia ka mea e mālama i ka paipū ʻana i ke koko i nā ʻāpana āpau o ke kino ma o nā uaua, nā aʻa a me nā capillaries. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻōnaehana lymphatic e nā kīʻaha lymphatic, e nā lymph node a me ʻelua mau lālā: ka ʻāpala a me ka timo. Mālama ia i nā ʻōnaehana pale o ka meaola mammalian.

ʻōnaehana holo lio o kahi lio

Puna: pinterest

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana cardicovascular

Mālama kēia ʻōnaehana i ke kele ʻana a me ka hoʻoulu ʻana i ke koko i mea e hoʻoinu ai i ke kino holoʻokoʻa. A lio ma waena o ka lio ma kahi o 9 liters o ke koko i kou kino Pono ke koko i mea lawe i nā mea waiwai no ke kino e like me: ka meaʻai, oxygen, nā hunaola o ka ʻōnaehana paleʻea, etc. A kōkua pū ia i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke kino ma ka lawe ʻana i nā ʻōpala a i ʻole carbon dioxide. Me he mea lā ʻaʻole lawa kēia, aia nō ia i ka mālama ʻana i ka mālama ʻana i ka mahana o ke kino.

ʻŌnaehana ʻōnaehana ʻElua ona kaapuni, kuleana kekahi no ka uhi ʻana i kahi o nā akemāmā a lawe kekahi i ke koko i ke koena o ke kino. Pōʻaiapuni nā huila ʻelua, hoʻomaka a pau i ka puʻuwai.

Hōʻike kēia mau kaapuni i ke kumu hoʻohālikelike e pili ana i nā wahi e hele ai ke koko: ka puʻuwai, nā aʻa, nā arterioles, ka capillary network, venules, veins and heart.

El kuleana ke kaapuni pulmonary no ka hana ʻana i ka hoʻololi kinoea i loko o nā akemāmā. ʻO ke kahe o ke kahe i loko o ka wahi māmā kahi hana nui i ka hānai ʻana i nā ʻāpana o nā māmā, ke kūkulu hou ʻana i kaʻiʻo māmā a me ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka oxygen i lawe ʻia e ke kino.

El corazón

Hana ʻia ka puʻuwai me nā mākala muscular a hōʻike i kahi ʻano i ʻoi aku ka nui o ka nui i ka hihia o ke kanaka. Hiki i ka puʻuwai o kahi lio makua ke kaupaona ma kahi o 3,5 kg. E like me ke koena o nā māmala, ka naʻau o nā lio ʻehā o nā lua: ʻelua mau ventricle, ʻo ia nā mea e hoʻoulu i ke koko, a ʻelua atria, kahi ohi i kekahi i ke koko mai nā akemāmā a ʻo kekahi mai ke koena o ke kino.

Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka naʻau ma waena o ka wahi intercostal ʻelua a ʻeono i nā kaulike.

Ua kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i nā ʻano duct i kēia manawa i loko o ka ʻōnaehana puni, e nānā mākou iā lākou me ka nānā hou ʻana pākahi.

Nā ʻauamo

ʻO lākou nā ʻauʻau i kēlā hāpai i ke koko mai ka puʻuwai i nā mea ʻē aʻe i loko o ke kino. He mau paipu mānoanoa lākou no ka mea pono lākou e kū i ke kaomi koko ma muli o ka pauma ʻana o ka puʻuwai. Ma loko o nā ʻaʻa aia nā ʻano hoʻohālikelike like ʻole a mākou e inoa wale ai i kēia ʻatikala, a ʻo lākou: ka nui a lahilahi paha, waena a muscular paha, a me nā liʻiliʻi a me nā arterioles.

Nā Kapilares

ʻO Capillaries moku liʻiliʻi loa ke anawaena. I loko o ia mau mea, hoʻololi ʻia nā mole ma waena o nā hunaola o nā aʻa a me ke koko.. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou i nā hui i kapa ʻia he mau pūnaewele vascular, kahi ākea loa a uhi i nā meaola āpau.

Nā uaua

He ʻano like loa ko lākou me ko nā aʻa a hoʻokaʻawale ʻia hoʻi e like me kā lākou nui i: nā uaua nui, nā veins medium a me nā venules a i ʻole nā ​​veins liʻiliʻi. ʻO nā uaua waena, ma kahi o 10 mm ka nui, ʻo ia ka mea nui loa.

ʻO nā veins ʻO lākou ke kuleana no ka lawe ʻana i ke koko mai nā capillaries o ke koko i ka puʻuwai. ʻO ia kēlā halihali lākou i nā ʻōpala a me carbon dioxide. Aia i loaʻa kekahi mau nā hoʻokoe e like me ka pulmonary vein e alakaʻi i ka oxygen e mahele.

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana lymphatic

Hāpai nā kahe Lymphatic i ka lymph, kahi wai i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i nā aʻa a me nā meaola i loko o ke kino a waiho ʻia i nā uaua nui.

ʻO ka ʻōnaehana lymphatic ka i ka mālama ʻana i ka mālama ʻana i ka wai me ka hoʻokahe ʻana i ka wai interstitial ʻoi aku i ke koko, kuleana pū kekahi ia no ka pale ʻana i hana ma ke ʻano he kānana e kūʻē i nā mikena ʻokoʻa komo i loko o ke kino a pēlā e hōʻoia ai i ka pale pale o ke kino. Kōkua pū ia i ka ʻōnaehana cardiovascular e kaohi i ke kahe o ke koko a me ke koko.

Inā hana kūpono ʻole a ʻōpala hoʻi kēia ʻōnaehana, ʻike ʻia ka maʻi lymphatic i kapa ʻia ʻo lymphangitis.

Lifangitis hiki ke ulcerative (maʻi koʻohune infectious maʻi) a epizootic (fungal infectious maʻi).

ʻElua mau mea nui e pāʻani i ka ʻōnaehana lymphatic: ka palu a me ka timo. Makemake mākou e haʻi iki aʻe.

ʻLepala

ʻO ia ka mea nui lymphatic a ʻo ia ka i ka mālama ʻana i nā hana pale a me nā hana hematopoietic. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ikaika ʻia e ka ʻōnaehana koko, lawe ia i nā ʻulaʻula o ke koko ʻino i hōʻino ʻia mai ka holo a paʻa pū nā huna koko

Timo

Hāʻawi ʻia kēia mea bilobed kokoke i ka puʻuwai e nā kīʻaha koko. Ua kāna ka hana nui mai ka hānau ʻana a i ka wā ʻōpio a ʻo ia kahi e oʻo ai nā lymphocytes T.

ʻO ka mea hope, makemake mākou e hoʻolaʻa i kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua o kā mākou mau lio, mai ka manawa ʻOiai ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia nā leona cardiac i loko o lākou e like me nā ʻano mammalian ʻē aʻe, nui a nui nā liona e pono ke ʻike pololei ʻia. No laila, paipai ʻia e nānā i kahi ʻoihana i kā mākou lio mai kēlā me kēia manawa.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.