Anatomy Equine: nā mākala

ʻO anatomy Equine

ka māhelo He mauʻaʻaʻa lākou e hiki ai i ka lio ke neʻe, a hiki ke ʻaelike ʻia e ia me ka manawaleʻa (ʻaʻole āpau). ʻO kēia hoʻoholo, kēia kauoha, hana ʻia i ka lolo a i ʻole ka iwi kuamoʻo. Hana ʻia kēia mau mea i nā pūʻolo puʻupuʻu, i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e nā mea hoʻopili. ʻO nā pūʻali nāhelehele he mau olonā lehulehu, kahi e like me nā pae, ke hui pū ʻoe me lākou, hana i ka mākala.

He axon ko kēlā me kēia ʻāpana mākala (e ʻike he aha ia inā ʻaʻole ʻoe e ʻike, he mea nui ia) mai kahi aʻa aʻa mīkini, e lawe i nā impulses i nā huina neuromuscular i ka pulupulu mākala. Ke hiki mai i ka neʻe ʻana i kahi mākala, e like me kā mākou e ʻōlelo nei, mai ka lolo a i ʻole ke kuamoʻo, hoʻouna ʻia kēia impulse ma o ke axon o kahi neuron motor kūikawā, i ka hui neuromusular; I kēia ala, hoʻokuʻu ʻia kahi kemikala i loko o ka pulupulu mākala e hana ai i ka ʻaelike. 

Ke kuʻikahi ka mākala, mānoanoa a hoʻopōkole ia, e huki ana i nā wēlau ʻelua i hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka iwi e nā kaula, e hoʻokokoke ana kekahi i kekahi. Ma hope o ka pae hoʻohaʻahaʻa, hoʻomaha kaʻiʻo; Akā inā wikiwiki loa kēia mau impulses a ʻaʻohe manawa o kaʻiʻo e hoʻomaha ai, hoʻomau ia ka ʻaelike a hiki i ka pau ʻana o kēia mau impulses. Ma ke ʻano he manaʻo, aia ʻekolu nā ʻano puʻupuʻu mānoanoa: nā mākala striated, nā mākia laumania a me nā mākala puʻuwai.

Nā mākala hoka ʻia ʻIʻike ʻia lākou he mau mākala manawaleʻa, ʻoiai e hoʻoneʻe iā lākou i ka makemake; ka laumania, i kapa ʻia hoʻi he makemake ʻole, ʻaʻole hoʻoneʻe ʻia e ka lio me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me ka peristalsis ʻōpū, ʻo ia nā ikaika o ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa e neʻe i ka meaʻai ma o ka ʻōpū). ʻO ka mākala puʻuwai puʻuwai he io i kuikui ʻia, akā hana manawaleʻa ʻole, no laila hāʻule ia i waho o kēlā hoʻonohonoho. E hoʻokaʻawale i nāʻiʻo maʻa mau mai striatum, i ka striatum ʻike mākou i nā apo i ʻole ma ka laumania.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.