ʻO ka lio Berber, nā hiʻohiʻona o kekahi o nā mea kahiko

Lio berber Brown

Puna: wikimedia

ʻO ka lāhui o nā lio Berber a i ʻole Berber, ʻo ʻōiwi i ʻApelika ʻĀkau y aie i kona inoa i ka Berbers mai ka Maghreb, me ia pili pili loa iā ia.

ʻAʻole nui ka ʻike e pili ana i ke kumu o ka heihei, akā nui nā manaʻo i loaʻa iā mākou, a ʻae like nā mea āpau, e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai ma hope, aia mākou ma mua. kekahi o nā heihei hoʻohālikelike kahiko loa ma ka honua.

Makemake ʻoe e ʻike hou e pili ana iā lākou?

Wahi a kekahi mau theories he iho ka lāhui mai kahi hui o nā lio feral i hiki ke ola i ka wā Ice.

I kēia mau lā, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokūpaʻa ʻia kēia kumumanaʻo inā he ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole paha, akā naʻe, ʻo ka mea a mākou e hilinaʻi ai ka nā ʻike paleontological e kuhikuhi ana he mea nui paha ka heihei Berber iho mai kahi lio hihiu i noho ai ma ʻApelika ʻĀkau i hala ma mua o kekahi mau kakini tausani makahiki. Hōʻoia kēia mau mea āpau, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai i ka paukū mua o ka ʻatikala, ke hana nei mākou me kekahi o nā hānau equine kahiko loa. He aha hou aʻe, kekahi kiʻi pena loaʻa i loko Alekelia, hōʻike kūlike i ka like o kāna morphology i ko ka lio o kēia manawa.

Ua kamaʻilio mua nā kākau Roma ma mua o 2.000 mau makahiki i hala e pili ana i nā "lio Barbare"

Pehea?

Kekahi o ka ʻano kino o ka heihei ʻokoʻa ma muli o ka ʻāpana i kahi a lākou e noho ai. ʻO ka hikina ʻoi aku e ia wahi, ʻoi aku ka nui a ikaika hoʻi ʻo lākou nā hiʻohiʻona o ka lāhui. Ke lawe nei i kēia ʻikepili, hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he kaulike ke kiʻekiʻe o nā kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 145 cm a me 155 cm.

I kekahi ʻaoʻao, mālama lākou i nā mea he nui ma ka maʻamau e like me kāna poʻo lōʻihi a me ka iwi poʻo liʻiliʻi (hōʻailona o ka wā kahiko o ka lāhui), kona mau pepeiao o ka nui waena, kāna puʻu moeo kona he huelo haʻahaʻa.

ʻO kāu ʻāʻī kikino keikikāne wiwi akā mana a pau lākou ma kahi o pāpale mahiole ikaika loa. Eia kekahi, ʻo nā manamana o kēia laha paʻakikī loa ʻaʻole lākou e koi i nā kāmaʻa lio. ʻO kēia hoʻi ka mea e pono ai ʻoe e nānā nui i kēia ʻāpana kikoʻī o ka anatomy o ka lāhui Berber. Pono pono e loiloi i ka honua ma kahi e neʻe ai ka holoholona ma mua o ka hana ʻole ʻana o nā lole like. He mea nui ia e mālama i ka rana (ka ʻāpiki huki i ka hapa o ka mahiole) maʻemaʻe mau i hiki i ka mahiole ke hana i kona hoʻolōʻihi a me ka neʻe ʻana me ka pilikia ʻole.

lio berber

ʻO ka lole kuʻuna lio Berber he ʻeleʻele a i ʻole zaina, i loko o kona umauma a me nā ʻano ʻeleʻele. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka hopena o ke keʻa me ka lāhui ʻAlapia, ʻo nā kala o ka huluhulu o kēia mau kaulike hiki ʻokoʻa loa, ka tordillo ka mea maʻamau. ka mane a me ka lauoho lauoho keikikāne loloa, mānoanoa a me ka palaoa. 

No kāna kūlana, ke alo nei i ka equine maʻalahi, maʻalahi ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ka harangue. ʻOiai ʻano palaualelo paha ia i kekahi manawa, he equine ia kaulike a koa hoʻi ʻo wai lā ke ahi ke hea aku kāna mea hoʻoholo iā ia.

Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau mea, he ʻoiwi paʻakikī loa. Kekahi mea mahalo inā ʻoe e noʻonoʻo i ka nohona wao nahele i ulu ai lākou. Ke alo nei i nā kūlana maikaʻi ʻole e like me ke anuanu, ka wela, ka make wai a i ʻole ka pōloli, ʻaʻole luhi ka lio Berber.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo o ʻoe

Ua manaʻo ʻia he hōʻailona o ka nani e hoʻomaikaʻi i kā lākou ala hele a me ke ala e nalu ai kā lākou mane ke neʻe lākou. Ua hānai ʻia lākou e ka poʻe Berber i ka wā i lanakila ai ka poʻe ʻAlapia ma ʻApelika ʻĀkau. ʻAʻole i hānai maʻalahi nā Berbers iā lākou, akā ua hoʻokumu maikaʻi a hoʻomohala i kā lākou ala o ka hoʻoulu.

ʻO ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā ʻArabia i kahi manawa nui i ka mōʻaukala o ka lio Berber ʻoiai, me lākou pū kekahi, hele mai nā lio ʻArabia maʻemaʻe. He mea nui kēia no ka mea mai ia manawa ma ka noho pū ʻana o nā lāhui ʻelua a, me ia, e kū mai ana kahi lāhui ʻekolu: he hui ma waena o nā ʻArab a me Berbers

Mai ia manawa, I ka Maghreb, ʻekolu mau laha nui o ka equine coexist: ka lāhui Berber, nā ʻArabia piha koko a me nā Arab-Berber.

Mai ka wā kahiko he a hoʻouluulu ʻia no ke kaua, ka ʻimi holoholona a me ka hana. ʻO lākou nā hoa o ka poʻe nomad a me nā kahu hipa.

ʻO nā ʻano o nā lio Berber, e like me ke kūʻē kūʻē ʻana, ua mālama ʻia ma muli o ka nohona kuʻuna o nā ʻohana iuka. Mālama lākou i nā pono kūpono o kahi warhorse ma ka hoʻohui o ka wikiwiki, wikiwiki a hopu paha.

He lāina ia i mahalo nui ʻia e ka poʻe naʻi aupuni Muslim nāna i hoʻouka kaua iā Sepania a me Palani.

I nā makahiki i hala aku ua lawe ʻia lākou i ʻEulopa. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia i ka makahiki 1850, ua hāʻawi aku ke Suletana o Moroko i mau lio Barbare i ka Mōʻīwahine Victoria o ʻEnelani.

A hiki i ka makahiki 1950, mālama ka lāhui Berber "kilakila" i kahi nui o nā mea i ʻike ʻia. Akā, ma hope o kēlā lā, ua emi loa ka Berber maʻemaʻe. Penei, i 1987 hoʻokumu ʻia ka Organization Mondiale du Cheval Barbe ma Algeria e mālama i ka laha.

lio berber ma kahi one

Ua lilo nā lio Berber i mau lio haʻuki maikaʻi, hoʻohana ka Pelekania iā lākou no ka heihei. Hoʻohui, nā ʻano āpau i loaʻa iā lākou, e hoʻolilo iā lākou i lio makemake nui ʻia e keʻa, ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke lawe i nā mea maikaʻi āpau e pili ana i ka laha.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kona mana i nā lāhui like ʻole e like me ka Algerian, ka Tunisian a me ka Moroccan.

I kēia lā, hānai nui ʻia lākou ma Algeria, Morocco, France hema a me Sepania.

Ka pilina me ka lio holomua ʻo Andalusian

E hoʻopau i kēia ʻatikala makemake mākou e haʻi iki i ka pilina o kēia lāhui me kēlā o ka Lio Andalusian.

ʻAʻole kakaikahi equine loea que e hōʻoia i ka lāhui Berber ke kumu o ka lio Andalusian.

Eia nō naʻe, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, aia kekahi 'ē aʻe nā loea i noʻonoʻo que Lio Iberia e pili ana i ka wahi Andalusia ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā lākou ka mana nui mai ka lāhui Berber. 

Hiki paha i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma kahi ma waena o nā kumumanaʻo ʻelua. He aha maopopo leʻa es que Pili pili nā lio Iberian a me ʻApelika ʻĀkau i nā manawa prehistoric.

Eia kekahi, ke noʻonoʻo nei i ka manawa o ka hoʻouka kaua Muslim, maopopo leʻa ua pili nā lāhui ʻelua. ʻO ka nui o nā mea i hele aʻe ma kēlā ʻaoʻao o ke kahawai ʻo Gibraltar i mea nui i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua.

Lana koʻu manaʻo ua hauʻoli ʻoe i ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia ʻatikala e like me kaʻu kākau ʻana.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.