ʻO ka Scythians a me ka hānau lio

ʻO Ovid ma waena o nā Scythians

ʻO nā Scythians he poʻe nomad Iran i neʻe ma nā ʻanepapa Eurasian i ka manawa o XNUMXth kenekulia BC a hiki i ka XNUMXth kenekulia AD Noonoo ʻia lākou ʻo kekahi o nā lāhui mua i ka hoʻokūkū kaua lio, akā ʻaʻole wale kēlā.

ʻO kahi noiʻi i paʻi ʻia ma kahi o ʻelua mau makahiki i hala e ʻEpekema, i hōʻike ʻia Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā poʻe malihini Scythian o ka Iron Age i ka hoʻoulu koho ʻana o nā lio. 

Hoʻopili paha mākou i ka moʻolelo o ka Scythians i kaʻana like ai me nā lio?

ʻAʻole hāpai ka Scythians i ke ola a make paha me ka ʻole o nā lio. He mea maʻamau iā lākou ke kāhiko i nā huelo o kā lākou holoholona ma ka pale ʻana iā lākou e like me ke ʻano o nā nahesa.

Ua holoholo nā kahuhipa Scythian i nā steppe o Central Asia ma waena o XNUMXth a me XNUMXst mau kenekulia BC. Noho lākou i loko o nā kaʻa i uhi ʻia e nā hale lole. ʻO kēia mau Scythians ua hoʻokō lākou i ka hānau ʻana o nā lio e hoʻokō i kahi holoholona i kūpono i ko lākou ʻano o ke ola a me kā lākou mau koi.

ʻO ka hoʻoulu lio o ka Scythians

ʻO ka poʻe noiʻi ua aʻo ʻia i nā koena o nā lio mai nā ilina mai maoli o ka Scythians, kahi i kahi kūlana maikaʻi o ka mālama ʻana. ʻO ka nui o nā mea i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā hale kupapaʻu he nui, i loko o kekahi o lākou ua ʻoi aku ma mua o 200 koena o nā lio like ʻole.

Wahi a nā moʻolelo a Herodotus, i nā hana hoʻolewa Scythian, ua mōhai ʻia nā lio i hāʻawi ʻia e nā ʻohana pili. Hoʻomaopopo iki kēia i ka nui o nā hiʻohiʻona i loaʻa a me nā ʻano. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā equine i loko o kēia mau lua kupapaʻu i pili ʻole. 

Hōʻike nā hōʻike DNA a ʻokoʻa nui i ka papa o nā lio Scythian, i waena o lākou: ʻeleʻele, chestnut, chestnut, holika a me nā papa i hoʻohaumia ʻia. 

Scythian ma luna o ka lio

Puna: Wikipedia

Ua loaʻa pū kekahi ʻaʻole i hāpai i ka mutation i kuleana no kahi trot alternateʻOiai he ʻano ʻokoʻa e pili ana i ka holo pōkole o nā lio o kēia lā. ʻAʻohe kānalua nā Scythians mahalo lākou i ka hoʻomanawanui a me ka wikiwiki o kā lākou mau lio.

ʻO nā lio i hānau mua ʻia e iho mai nā lio lio, ʻoiai ua nalowale kēia ʻano like ʻole i ka hala ʻana o ka manawa.

ʻO kekahi mea hoihoi hou aʻe i ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ka poʻe Scythians mālama lākou i nā hale kau maoli o nā lio ma mua o ke koho ʻana i kekahi mau kānaka wale nō. He ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa kēia i kēia lā, kahi e hoʻohana ʻia ai ka lio hoʻokahi no ka nui o nā keʻa a ʻo ka hopena, aneane like nā lio i kēia lā me ka haplotype Y chromosome like.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā gen i hoʻohana ʻia, he 121 a pau, e kuhikuhi i nā forelimbs, kekahi mea e ʻaelike pū me ka nui o nā iwi. He lio ikaika lākou. 

No laila hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo pēlā ua hoʻomaka ka hānau lio ma kahi o 5.500 mau makahiki i hala. 

He aha nā Scythians i hoʻohana ai i nā lio?

Hōʻike nā noiʻi ua hoʻohana ʻia kēia mau holoholona i ʻai i kā lākou ʻiʻo a inu i kā lākou waiū (e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ke kiʻi nui o ka ʻatikala). Hōʻike kēia i kahi koho kikoʻī o nā holoholona i hoʻonui i ka wā lactation, kahi mea i ʻike ʻia mahalo ʻia i nā loiloi genetika. Ma waho aʻe o ka waiū hana lākou i nā paʻi waiū a Koumiss, kahi mea inu ʻona i hana ʻia mai ka yogurt.

Pili pili ka moʻomeheu Scythian i ke kaua. Ua ho'ākāka ʻia lākou e ko lākou mau ʻenemi ma ke ʻano koa ikaika loa a me ka make koko o kēlā manawa. ʻO lākou nō nā holo lio nui a me nā pana kakaka makaʻu ma ko lākou mau mauna. Ua hana nā aliʻi hanohano i nā koa lio, me nā mea kaua a me nā ʻāpana maikaʻi loa i hiki ke lilo i mua o nā pā lio e hiki mai ana.

Na Sekotia a me na Lio

Pehea ke kaua Scythian?

ʻAneʻane ʻo nā kāne a pau o ke oʻo makua a me nā wahine he nui i komo i nā kaua. Holo ka hapa nui ma luna o ka lio, e hana ana i nā pūʻali koa lio māmā o nā pana pua., ʻo ke koena, he pēpē hele wāwae i hana ʻia e ka mea ʻilihune a hapa nui hoʻi he pūʻali koa lio ikaika i hana ʻia e nā aliʻi a me kāna poʻe ukali.

ʻAʻole mālama ʻia kahi ʻikepili kikoʻī a paʻa paha i nā hana a lākou i hoʻohana ai i nā kaua, akā maopopo leʻa he kūlana koʻikoʻi kā ka lio i loko o lākou.

Pēlā ka mea nui Holo nā kāne a me nā wahine i ka lio i ka lole wāwae kikoʻī no kēlā hana. Ua hoʻolālā lākou i ka noho paʻa no ka holo ʻana. ʻO kēia mau noho noho he ʻekolu mau ʻāpana: kahi mua i hoʻopili ʻia i ke kino o ka lio i kāwili ʻia i ke koena o nā mea i koe e hōʻino ʻole i ka holoholona, ​​kahi ʻano pad; ma luna ona, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi anga i hana ʻia me nā aniani o ka dia a i hoʻohui ʻia paha i nā lālā lāʻau; ʻO ka hope, ʻo ka noho, ʻoiai he pale no ka pale ʻana i ka mea holo mai ka hahau ʻana, hana ʻia i ka ʻili hipa a i ʻole ka ʻili hipa i hū ʻia me ka lauoho holoholona.

He mea nui nā mauna, ʻaʻohe o lākou mea hoʻowali, akā mālama mau ka poʻe holo i kā lākou holoholona ma luna o ka holoholona. ʻO Scythians holo lākou me ka mākaukau nui ma luna o ka lio i nā manawa i hoʻomohala ʻole ka poʻe o ʻEulopa i nā pūʻali koa lio i ke kaua. Hāʻawi kēia i ka Scythians i kahi pōmaikaʻi nui i nā kaua he nui.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.