Lio Carthusian, kekahi o nā mamo a ka Andalusian

ʻO ka moʻokūʻauhau ʻo Cartuja

Kumu: YouTube

ʻO ka lio Cartujano, i kapa ʻia hoʻi «Cerrado en Bocao», loaʻa kēia inoa no ka mea hoʻomaka e hānai ʻia e nā mōneka Carthusian ma Santa María de la Defensión (Jerez de la Frontera), ma kahi o 1484. ʻO ka mahiʻai stud a nā mōneka ma mua o ʻekolu mau kenekulia kekahi o nā mea i mahalo nui ʻia ma muli o kona ʻoluʻolu i ka hele wāwae, kona hanohano, hanohano a me ka peʻa. Ke hoʻonui nei i nā wahi hōʻailona o ka manawa, e like me Ke Kula ʻo Versailles me Louis XVI. Hoʻohui ʻia nā mea i makemake ʻia e nā ʻemepela, nā mōʻī a me nā kanikela.

ʻO ka heihei Carthusian a laina ma waena o ka Lio Sepania Purebred (PRE), ʻike ʻia ʻo ka Lio Andalusian. Hoʻokumu kēia mau mea i kahi mālama kūʻauhau o ka waiwai nui no PRE Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole wale kū i waho no ka loaʻa ʻana o nā genetics maʻemaʻe loa ʻoiai ua hoʻopili wale ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona o kēia ʻohana (no laila ka inoa "pani"), akā, i kā lākou morphology mahalo ʻia ka ʻokoʻa. He lāhui ia me kahi uʻi e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai ma loko o kēia ʻatikala.

ʻIke paha mākou iā lākou?

E maopopo pono ai ka Lio Carthusian, pono mua mākou e helu i nā aʻa o ka Lio Andalusian. ʻO ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe koko koko Sepania ka hopena o kahi ʻimi no ka maikaʻi a me ka hanohano estetika.

Ma loko o ka moʻomeheu Sepania, ke kumu o ka lio a me ka hopena e kūlike me ka ulu ʻana o nā lāhui nui mua o ka Iberian Peninsula. E nānā i kekahi mau laʻana: ua hoʻohui ka Carthaginians i nā lio he nui i kā lākou pūʻali koa, e waiwai ana i ko lākou ikaika a me ko lākou ahonui. Ua ʻike ka poʻe Roma pehea e mahalo ai i ka Lio Andalusian a hoʻonui iā ia ma ke ʻano he halihali a ma ke ʻano he kūlana kūʻokoʻa o nā mōʻī a me nā ʻemepela. Hōʻike ʻia ka mea nui o nā kaulike i nā hōʻike he nui i kākau ʻia e nā mea kākau e like me Homer a me Pliny.

Lakaila ʻaʻole i hoʻopili ʻia nā ʻano o nā Lio Andalusia e nā hoʻouka kaua ʻana a nā lāhui Kelemania ʻoiai ka hele wāwae i ka hapanui. Hoʻohui ʻia, huki ʻia ke kānāwai Roma i mālama ʻia no kekahi manawa, e pale aku i kēia mau equine o ka lāhui Sepania.

Lio Carthusian

E I ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX, i ka Monastery o La Cartuja ka ulu ʻana o kahi pali o ka Lio Andalusian i ala aʻe: Ka Lio Cartujano. No ʻekolu mau kenekulia paha ua hoʻololi kēia mau mōneka Carthusian i kā lākou mahiʻai stud i hoʻokahi o nā mea kaulana a mahalo nui ʻia o ka manawa. Akā e ʻike kāua i ka mōʻaukala o kēia mau kaulike ma hope, e ʻike mua kāua i ke ʻano o lākou.

Pehea?

He holoholona lākou na hanau nui, hanohano, me nā neʻe ākea a kiʻekiʻe, kahi mea e hana ai iā lākou makemake ʻia e like me nā studs ʻoiai i nā pua bipi hānai ʻole i nā lio Carthusian.

Me kahi kiʻekiʻe ma kahi maloʻo ma kahi o 160 cm, like lākou kino, kino helehelena, me ka umauma hohonu a me ka hope muscular.

He musculature maikaʻi ka ʻāʻī e ʻae iā ia e hāpai e ku ke poʻo liʻiliʻi maikaʻi i ka wā holo. Hōʻike ka set holoʻokoʻa a nani loa kiʻi a me nā aesthetics. 

He equine ia ua hoʻololi ia phenomenally i ke aniau. Nui kona mau puka ihu e ʻae iā ia e hanu maikaʻi i ke ʻano wela a me ka mahana o ka hapa nui o nā wahi Kaiwaina. ʻO kekahi ʻano o kāna hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau i loaʻa i ka hulu. I kēia mau equines ka ʻahuʻula hinahina i ka laulā o nā unahi hina a me nā kiko ʻeleʻele i kōkua i nā holoholona ʻaʻole e wela i nā kukuna o ka lā ma ka hoʻopuehu ʻana i nā kukuna o ka hōkū me ka ʻole e hōʻino i ka ʻili o ka lio. I nā manawa maʻamau, ʻike ʻia nā ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele a ʻeleʻele paha.

Eia hou, ua loaʻa iā mākou kahi mahiʻai stud i ka ʻākau o Sepania. Ma laila i hoʻopili ʻia ai nā mea kaulike, e lilo ana i mea liʻiliʻi hou aku ʻoiai e mālama ana i ka nani e hōʻike ana i kēia laha. ʻO kahi laʻana maikaʻi kahi i hōʻike ʻia ma ke wikiō ma lalo:

No kāna ʻano, ke alo nei mākou i lāhui hanohano a me ka docile, me nā hopena maikaʻi. Ikaika a ikaika hoʻi ia a ma ka manawa like palupalu.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo o ʻoe

Ma ke kenekulia XV aia kahi hōʻemi weliweli o nā mares ma Andalusia, ma muli o ke kūʻai aku i nā wahi ʻē aʻe a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāina a me ka hana mule. Ua alakaʻi kēia i ʻO Jerez City Council e paʻi i kahi kauoha e pāpā ana i ke kūʻai aku ʻana o kēia mau mares ma waho o ka wahi me kaʻae ʻole o ka Corregidor. Ma hope ua pāpā ʻia ka uhi ʻana i kēia mau hoki me nā hoki.

Iwakāluakūmāhā mau makahiki ma hope o kēia mau kapu, ua hoʻokumu nā mākua Carthusian o Jerez i kā lākou holoholona, e pau i ka hoʻololi a lilo i kaulana ʻo «Cartuja» me ka hala ʻana o ka manawa. ʻO lākou pū kekahi, ʻo wai e mālama i kēia laha i ka wā o ka hoʻouka kaua Farani ma ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana iā lākou a hūnā iā lākou ma kahi mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Hoʻohui ʻia ka moʻolelo o kēia mau equine me nā kaʻao. Wahi a kekahi o lākou ke kahuna ʻO Pedro José Zapata, he kahu mahiʻai maikaʻi a mahiʻai i kēlā manawa, ma kahi o 1810 ka wae ʻia ʻana o kēia ʻano lio e hoʻomaka ana me ke kūʻai ʻana i nā lio a me nā koa mai ka mua o ka Cartuja de Jerez, kahi i mālama ʻia ai kēia mau lio mai ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX. TO ua hoʻomaka nā kamaliʻi o kēia mau kaulike e kapa ʻia ʻo "Hierro de Zapata" a ua holo 'oi aʻe ka manawa e kāhea ʻia lākou ma ke ʻano kūhelu ʻO Cartujano a i ʻole Cerrados Lio ma Bocao.

Hoʻomaka ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka heihei. Ua kūʻai aku kahi hoʻoilina iā Zapata, i ka makahiki 1857, i kahi hui o nā mares a me nā lio iā Vicente Romero, nāna ke kaikamahine e kūʻai aku i ʻelua mau pūʻulu, iā Curro Chica kekahi a iā Juan Pedro Domecq kekahi. E kūʻai aku ka poʻe hoʻoilina o hope iā Roberto Osborne, ka mea ma 1949 e kūʻai aku i ka hapa nui o kāna mau equine iā Fernando de Terry, a ʻo ke koena i ka Marques de Salvatierra lāua ʻo Juan Manuel Urquijo

I kēia lā hiki iā mākou ke hōʻoia i kēlā hele mai nā Lio Carthusian āpau mai kēia mau bipi ʻekolu: Urquijo, Terry a me Salvatierra. 

PuraSangreSpanish

Puna: youtube

Loaʻa kēia mau māla stud i Ka helu kūpono ʻole mai ka lae kuʻikahi o ka ʻike a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o ka Paniolo Purebred, ʻoiai ua noho ia ma kahi mea ma mua o ʻelima mau kenekulia me ka ʻole o nā mana kūwaho. He aha hou aʻe, ua lilo ʻo Terry's Stud ma Malaki 1990 i ʻāpana o ka Hoʻoilina. Ma hope, i Kekemapa o ia makahiki nō, ua loaʻa kūhelu ʻia ka Yeguada Cartujana del Hierro del Bocado mai EXPASA, kahi hui a ka Spanish Heritage Heritage.

ʻO ka lio Carthusian o nā lio he mea hōʻike nui i nā aʻa o ka Spanish Thoroughbred. He aha hou aʻe, Ua kōkua ʻo ia i ka hoʻokumu a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o nā bipi kaulana he nui o ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika ma mua o nā mea āpau.

I kēia lā, ka Hiki iā Yeguada de La Cartuja ke ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kahi mālama nui loa o nā lio o kēia ʻano. Hānai ʻia kekahi mau holoholona ʻelua haneli me ka hae "Hierro del Bocado" i hoʻokumu ʻia e Zapata i ka makahiki 1810.

Lana koʻu manaʻo ua hauʻoli ʻoe i ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia ʻatikala e like me kaʻu kākau ʻana.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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