Dokin Hackney da halayyar sa ta musamman

Dokin Karfe

Source: YouTube

Nau'in dokin Hackney, wanda ake kira Norflok Trotter, na asalin british y es an yaba sosai saboda girman fa'idar sa. Sunan nau'in ya samo asali ne daga lokacin Anglo-Saxon gaskiya, wanda ke nufin makwabta. Wannan lokacin zai haɗu tare da Norman hacked wanda zai zama asalin kalmar Latin daidaita. Tuni a cikin ƙungiyar nau'ikan nau'in zamu iya fara hango tsufan sa. An riga an rubuta kalmar Hackney a ƙarni na sha huɗu a Ingila.

Wadannan daidai suke An nuna su sama da komai ta hanyar abin da suke mallaka, ɗaukaka da ban mamaki. Daidai daga wannan halayen ne ya sami laƙabinsa "Aristocrat na Nunin." Shin mun san su da kyau kaɗan?

Nau'in Hackney, albarkacin motsinsu da tasirinsu, sanannu ne akan waƙoƙin wasan kwaikwayo, yana tsaye a cikin yanayin jinkirtawa. Son yayi daidai da kyawawan halaye na sutura, gasa da baje koli. Saboda haka, yana da sauƙi a same su a cikin horo kamar tsalle, ado ko baje koli.

Yaya dokin Hackney yake?

Tare da tsayi wanda yake kusa da 155 cm, muna fuskantar dawakai mai hankali kuma mai tsananin wuta. Ana iya cewa game da su cewa suna dawakai masu ƙarfi da sifa mai jituwa. A cikinsu akwai nasa waje na musamman trot: musamman ɗaga hannuwansu sama a bayan baya da yawa, yin zagaye motsi. Wannan yunkuri ne ya sanya suka shahara a duniyar baje koli.

Suna da ɗan ƙarami kaɗan, ɗan sassauƙan kai tare da bayanan rufin asiri, inda akwai manyan idanu biyu. An saka kambi da karami, kunnuwa masu motsi wadanda koyaushe suna kan fadakarwa. Wuyanta dogo ne kuma mai lanƙwasa kuma yana kaiwa zuwa kafaɗun kafaɗa da kuma kirji mai faɗi.

Jikin wannan nau'in yana da kyau karami da kyau kafa. Yana da murfin tsoka, haƙarƙari da haƙarƙari.

Gabobinta matsakaita ne kuma an gama su a ciki dunƙulen da wuya al'amura. Yana da tsoka da yawa a gabansa da dogayen kafafuwa,

Jawo siliki yawanci yana da yadudduka chestnutskirji, kirjin kirji ko kirji, na karshen shine yafi kowa. A cikin ƙarni na farko na jinsi, ana iya samun baƙin Tobiano da launuka masu launin Tobiano, kodayake a yau sun mutu.

A lokacin ƙarni na sha tara da farkon ƙarni na ashirin, an fifita riguna masu launuka masu duhu, baƙal da laushi, mafi dacewa don kallon mota. Misali, launuka masu haske kamar kirji, kirjin zinariya, jan kirji kawai ana gani sosai har tsakar rana.

Kamar yadda ake son sani, akwai kuma Hackney Ponies (tare da tsayi a ƙwanƙwararsa na kusan 142 cm.) Wanda ƙwanƙolin salo mai kama da na dawakai. A cikinsu, aikin da aka zagaya da shi ya fi bayyana, yayin da suke daga gwiwoyi da tsoma duwawun baya ta yadda hocks zasu wuce karkashin jiki.

hackney-pony

Source: youtube

Kadan daga cikinku tarihi

A cikin karni na XNUMX Ingila, masu kiwon doki kamar suna da sha'awar gano wanne ne mafi kyawun nau'in doki. Manufar ita ce ta rufe shahararrun maresinsa na Ingilishi tare da sandunan dawakai. Tsakanin wannan ƙarni da na gaba, an kafa harsashin ginin don yawancin kyawawan halayen Biritaniya a yau. Duk 'ya'yan aikin masu shayarwa, waɗanda suka sami cikakkun bayanai game da nau'in tsibirin.

Nauyin Hackney kamar yadda irin wannan ya tashi a cikin Burtaniya a ƙarni na XNUMX. Kodayake a farkon anyi amfani dasu akasari kamar dawakai da sirdiA yau za mu iya samun sa a cikin adadi mai yawa na horo na dawakai. Duk godiya ga yawanta.

An haifi dokin farko na wannan nau'in a Norfolk (England) a cikin 1760. Tun daga wannan lokacin da godiya ga dawakan dawakai na Norfolk da Yorkshire, waɗannan sababbin masanan suna haɓakawa da samun halayensu har suka zama nasu.

Daga cikin magabatan tsere Hackney a bangaren uba, zamu iya samu tseren Thoroughbred daga layin Darley na larabawa. Zuwa 1797, an dunkule fagen motsa jiki cikin rayuwar Ingilishi. Mares da irin wannan rawar an yaba dashi sosai. Dukansu da mares ɗin keɓaɓɓun dokin da masu kiwo suka yi amfani da shi don ƙarfafa halaye na Hackney na lokacin.

Ya zama mai matukar daraja irin. Ya kasance ɗayan sirdi dawakai fi so a cikin mata saboda kwazonsa. Daga ƙarshen ƙarni na XNUMX da kuma a farkon rabin ƙarni na XNUMX, an yi amfani da ƙirar musamman a matsayin dokin sirdi. Hakanan yana da daraja ƙwarai don tseren tsere na tsere.

Yunkurinsu na sauri da aiki ya sanya su sha'awar dawakai sosai. Wannan ya samar da hakan Arewacin Amurka masu kiwon doki sun zaɓi wannan nau'in don inganta nasu halayyar halaye masu haske.

A cikin waɗannan ƙarni, al'ummar manoma sun gano doki mai amfani a cikin jinsin Hackney. Baya ga yin hidimar doki mai sirdi, zai iya kula da gonar a wasu lokuta.

Zuwan Railroad

Tare da ƙirƙirar layin dogo tseren Hackney yana cikin haɗari. Mutane sun fara fahimtar cewa ya fi saurin tafiya ta jirgin ƙasa fiye da doki. Railway ba da daɗewa ba ya maye gurbin aikin da dawakai masu yawa suke yi. Yawancin masu kiwo suna tsammanin shekarun dawakai sun ƙare har abada kuma sun daina yin aikin kiwo. Koyaya, Hackungiyar Horsney Horse motsawa da sauri kuma ya tsere tseren Hackney ta hanyar fa'idarsa zuwa ga wasu ayyuka. Wannan nau'in yana samun mabiyan da suka ga waɗannan daidaito kamar dawakai masu kyau don nishaɗi. Ya kasance kyakkyawar ma'ana game da jinsi cewa a wancan lokacin dandano na dawakai tare da babban motsi, tare da kyakkyawar alama, ya fara fitowa. Saboda haka, wasu masu kiwo sun mai da hankali kan waccan hanyar. Sunan Birtaniyya Hackney ya fara yaduwa a duniya.

A kan lokaci, nau'in ya girma a cikin samfurori, samowa da ƙarfafa halaye cewa a yau suna wakiltar shi. Don cimma wannan, a cikin Hackney genetics, yawancin jinsi sun halarci daidai. Wasu daga cikinsu sune: Norfolk da Yorkshire da ke dawakan dawakai, da Frisiyawa, da Norman, da Galloways har ma da Andalusians.

Ina fatan kun ji daɗin karanta wannan labarin kamar yadda na rubuta shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   jaime m

    Na gode sosai don raba wannan bayanin. Na ga kaina ina tsara labarai game da waɗannan abubuwan, don ci gaban yawon buɗe ido na dawakai, bayan nazarin abubuwan da suka faru da kuma shugabannin da suka tashi a bayansu. Al'adun dawakai a kowace ƙasa suna da girma.

    gaisuwa

    Chiron