Abubuwan dawakai da aka fi sani da irinsu

Dawakan dawakai

Abubuwan dawakai sune amfani dashi don aiki saboda ƙarfin ƙarfin su. A al'adance an yi amfani da su don aikin noma, a matsayin ƙarfin tuki da kuma matsayin dawakai na dawakai a wasu lokuta da ke buƙatar injin motsi.

A daftarin doki, yana buƙatar ƙarin takamaiman kulawa da ciyarwa dangane da nau'in da adadin aikin cewa suna aiwatarwa a cikin kwanakin su yau.

Mafi rinjaye na zane-zanen doki basu wanzu ba kafin karni na XNUMX. Daga wannan karnin ne bukatun sojoji da aikin gona wadanda ke bayyana jinsi nauyi mai nauyi. Baya ga tasirin juyin juya halin masana'antu, haɓaka abubuwan hawa da injunan aikin gona.

Wadannan Kasashen da ke da hanyoyin kasuwanci sun sami waɗannan sababbin ƙa'idodin ikon amfani mai fa'ida. Hatta waɗancan wuraren da ke da magudanan ruwa sun yi amfani da su don watsa wutar zuwa ruwa ta amfani da igiyoyin waya da naurorin inji.

A cikin Spain babu manyan dawakai masu nauyi har zuwa karni na XNUMX.

zuriya

Nau'oin dawakai

Zamu iya samu nau'ikan daftarin doki guda uku gwargwadon halayensu da amfaninsu, dukansu suna da alaƙa ta asali: dawakai masu nauyi, dawakai masu nauyin nauyi da dawakai masu haske.

Dawakai masu nauyi

Su ne mafi girma daga cikin dawakai an auna shi har zuwa 180 cm a bushe. Su ma suna da girma, suna yin nauyi daga 600kg zuwa sama da 1000kg. Na su Gabobin hannu ba su da gajarta kuma kwarangwal dinsa yana da karfi tare da ingantaccen musculature. Bugu da kari, galibi suna da nutsuwa.

Wasu nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan sune: Tsarin kirim na Amurka, dokin Ardennes, dokin ɗan Beljiram, dokin Breton, Percheron, dokin Shire, dokin Bolognese ko Katalan Pyrenean na Katalan.

Semi-nauyi daftarin dawakai

Abubuwan dawakai da aka yi amfani da su a cikin jigilar kaya kamar filin wasan motsa jiki shima yana buƙatar ƙarfin sauri. Wannan shine dalilin da yasa dawakan dawakai masu nauyi basu dace da waɗannan ayyukan saurin sauri ba. Dawakan dawakai masu nauyi dabbobin da suka fi sauƙi ne waɗanda za su iya ci gaba a kan kari.

Wasu daga cikin nau'ikan dabbobin da ba su da nauyi sune nau'ikan haske na Percheron da kuma nau'ikan haske na Breton, wanda ake kira Breton Postire, dawakai na Ardenes.

Haske daftarin dawakai

Waɗannan sune dawakai mafi haske daga cikin dawakan dawakai. Suna yin ayyuka kamar su ɗaukar motocin haske a cikin sauri fiye da na baya.

Mun samo a cikin wannan rukunin jinsunan kamar: Morgan ko Hackney.

Amfani na gargajiya na dawakai

Noma

An yi amfani da manyan dawakai masu nauyi don motsawa da motsa kayan aikin gona na kowane nau'i har sai an maye gurbin dawakai da alfadarai da ci gaban fasaha.

dawakai suna huɗa

Jigilar kayayyaki da mutane

Sanannen abu ne cewa a lokuta daban-daban ana jigilar kayayyaki a cikin motocin da aka hau dawakai. Waɗannan karusa na iya zama na fasali da girma daban-daban, gwargwadon wannan, suna da suna ɗaya ko wata: keken, amalanke, tartata, galley.

Kuna iya sanin nau'ikan karusar da dawakai suka zana a cikin labarinmu: Kayayyakin dawakai: tarihi, iri da kuma amfani

Kamar yadda karin bayanai za mu ambaci guda biyu, daya don amfanin ta sosai kuma na biyu don son sani:

Ayyuka

Tsawon lokaci ana tafiya tsakanin birane ko garuruwa akan doki. Hanyoyin, waɗanda suka zo daidai da waɗanda Romawa suka gina, ba su da kyau ko babu. An yi amfani da shimfida kekunan hawa da shimfida hanyoyi tsakanin manyan biranen, tare da kafa layin masarufi tsakanin manyan biranen. Abubuwan dawakan da aka tsara sune suka cika aikin jagorancin waɗannan aikace-aikacen.

Tramways

A cikin Paris akwai cibiyar sadarwar trams da aka ja ta hanyar equines.

Ji dawakai

Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, waɗannan biranen da ke da jigilar kogi, dawakai sun taka muhimmiyar rawa. Dabbobin suna jan kayan ta hanyar igiyoyi da suka maye gurbin mutane ko alfadaran da suka kasance suna jan waɗannan kayan har sai bayyanar dusar dawakai.

Injin aiki

Hakanan an yi amfani da dawakan da aka zana azaman dalili don ƙarfafa injina ko na'urori irin su masarufi, injin niƙa, matse-matse, famfunan ruwa, da sauransu. Ana amfani da dabbobi a haɗe da winch axis a tsaye zuwa layin sanduna masu walƙiya. An shirya dawakan don yin tafiya a da'ira tare da ƙarfin da ake buƙata don isa ƙarfin da ake buƙata a cikin aikin injunan.

Aikin daji

A cikin ƙasa mai wahala, dawakan da aka zana ne suke jan gungunan.

daji aikin doki

Babban nau'in dawakai

Yanzu za mu ga wasu manyan tsere tsakanin Tsaran dawakai. Amma da farko zamuyi magana ne game da halaye na kowa da ke tattare da dawakan dawakai.

Abubuwan halaye na yau da kullun na nau'in dawakai

Abubuwan dawakai da aka sani sanannu ne da babban ƙarfi da juriya. Manyan su ne, masu tsayi, manya-manya ne, duk da cewa kamar yadda muka riga muka tattauna, ya danganta da nau'in daftarin doki da wani nau'in ke da shi, zai zama babba ko ƙasa da haka. Zasu iya bambanta daga 160 cm zuwa 180 cm a busassun kuma suna tsakanin 600 zuwa 1000 kg, kodayake waɗanda suke daftarin nauyi zasu iya wuce wannan nauyin ƙarshe.

Kashin waɗannan dawakai suna da ƙarfi da girma. Yawan ci gaban jikinsa. Bayanin kan mutum yawanci gajere ne kuma layuka ne masu gajartawa, kuma gabobin sun fi gajeru.

Rigunan na iya zama daban-daban dangane da nau'in da ake magana a kai, kodayake galibi suna da sutura mai kauri. Wasu nau'ikan, kamar su Percheron, suna da kofato da gashin kansu. 

Amma ga halayensa, ya game dabbobi masu nutsuwa.

Kuma yanzu haka, zamu tattauna game da nau'ikan nau'ikan kwatankwacin guda huɗu.

Dawakai na Ardenes

Muna gabanin ɗayan tsofaffin ƙwayoyin dawakai. Wannan nau'in an haife shi a cikin Ardennes, Belgium, Luxenburg da Faransa, na farko shi ne inda ya samo sunan. Koyaya, tarihin waɗannan daidai yake ya faro ne daga da yawa a cikin tarihi, zuwa d Rome a Rome. Dawakai na Ardennes ko na Ardennes sune kakannin sauran sauran nau'ikan tsara.

Dokin Ardenes

A farkonsu sun kasance dawakai ne da aka zaba maimakon masu nauyi, amma a cikin karni na XNUMX, an haxa irin da dawakin Larabawa don sauqaqe shi. Yau an dauke shi azaman Semi-nauyi daftarin doki. 

Kasance yana da matukar mahimmanci a gudanar da aiki a yakin, a matsayin dausayin doki da kuma mahayan dawakai.

Idan kana son sanin kadan game da wannan nau'in zaka iya samun bayanai a cikin labarinmu: Dawakai na Ardennes, ɗayan tsofaffin zuriya

Rubutun Kirim na Amurka

Wannan nau'in doki shine kawai daftarin doki wanda aka haɓaka a Amurka wanda yake a yau. Yana samun sunan ne daga cream ko shampen zinare da idanuwansa masu haske.

Nau'i ne wanda ke da samfuran samari kaɗan duk da ana aiki don kar a ɓace.

Rubutun Kirim na Amurka

Source: youtube

Rubutun Italiya

Es ɗayan mafi ƙarancin rubutattun dabbobi, a mafi yawansu zasu iya kaiwa 160 cm. Baya ga ƙarfi, yana da kyau irin nau'in da ake amfani dashi azaman dokin gona. Yana da goshin goshi da wutsiya mai farin gashi.

Letón

A cikin wannan tseren na babban haƙuri, Mun sami nau'ikan dawakai guda uku: da Latvian masu nauyi, da Latvian masu nauyin nauyi da Latvian masu hawan haske.

Belgian zane mai doki

Asali daga Belgium, ɗayan ɗayan rubutattun hanyoyin ne suka kasance yadu amfani da shi a Amurka da Kanada. An yi amfani dashi sama da duka don jigilar manyan lodi.

Dakin Dawakin Kasar Belgium

bugun bugu

Wannan nau'in ya samo asali ne daga lardin wannan sunan. An samo shi ta hanyar zaɓar nau'in asali na asali a yankin. Yana da nau'in rayuwa wanda ke buƙatar ƙaramin abinci don rayuwa. A yau babu kwafi da yawa.

Percheron

Wannan nau'in asali daga Le Perche, a Faransa, ba kawai sanannun saninta bane babban ƙarfi da mutunci amma saboda kyawawan halayenta sun yaba sosai don sun sanya shi akan jerin abubuwa da yawa na mafi kyau dawakai a duniya.

Percheron

Ananan kadan, wannan nau'in yana yaduwa kuma yana ɗaukar nau'ikan iri daban-daban dangane da ƙasar da ta ci gaba da haɓaka. Idan kana son sanin nau'ikan iri daban-daban a cikin wannan nau'in, muna ba da shawarar ka kalli labarinmu: Percheron doki

Breton doki

Muna fuskantar wani daftarin doki daga Faransa. Yana da wani irin ci gaba a cikin Karni na XNUMX kuma wa ya mallaki a babban hankali. Sunanta ya samo asali ne daga tsaunukan Breton, inda yake sosai.

Nau'in tsattsauran ra'ayi ne, tare da saurin tafiya da motsa jiki mai motsa jiki duk da girmansa.

Breton

clydesdale

Wannan nau'in dawakin dawakai shine sakamakon tsallaka tsallake-tsallake-tsallake-tsallake-tsallake da kuma dawakan Flemish An inganta shi ta ƙetare tare da Shire da Larabawa. Duk wannan yana sa wannan nau'in ya zama mafi kyau.

clydesdales

Bolognese

Tare da halaye na dawakin Larabawa da na Berber, wannan nau'in girma ne da nauyi (kusan kilogram 850). Yana da irin yadu amfani da jinkirin jan jobs. 

Ina fatan kun ji daɗin karanta wannan labarin kamar yadda na rubuta shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.