Tarayyar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya: Asali da Ayyuka

Tarayyar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya

A cikin labarinmu na yau zamuyi magana ne game da Federationungiyar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya ta Royal Spanish, da asalinta da kuma horo da kuma ayyukan hawa da suke aiki da su.

Amma da farko bari muyi magana kadan game da duniyar dokin, kamar yadda aka sani cewa Doki ya sami matsayi mai mahimmanci tsakanin ɗan adam kodayake ayyukansa sun bambanta tsawon shekaru. Shirya don neman ƙarin ƙarin?

Tarihin hawan dawakai

Saurin maharan ya sa sun zama mawuyacin hali ga mutumin makiyaya, kuma dole ne su yi kwanton bauna don kama su da ciyar da namansu.

Daga baya, lokacin da mutuntaka ta zauna kuma ya fara aiki a ƙasar da dabbobin, ya fahimci cewa dokin yana iya zama kayan aiki mai matukar amfani. Don haka wannan dabba ta zama mai mahimmanci ga ɗan adam.

Dawakai An yi amfani dasu don kiwon dabbobi da aikin noma, amma kuma yi yaƙi. Daya daga cikin shahararrun dawakai a cikin sojojin dawakai zai kasance Bucephalus, na Alexander the Great. Don wannan aikin dokin yakin kirkirar stapes Yana da matukar muhimmanci.

Abubuwan da suka gabata da farkon hawan dawakai a matsayin wasa

A tsakiyar zamanai, jaruman da aka horar a Makarantar Knights ko Spanish Chivalry sun sami babban daraja. A kan lokaci Wasannin hawan dawakai da gasa sun zama gama gari, hawan dawakai ya zama wasa. Ana ci gaba da yin wasannin motsa jiki na waɗannan gasa kamar yadda ake iya gani a hoto.

Gasar_ Wasanni

La Makarantar hawa ta farko ta fito a cikin Italiya a cikin 1539. A cikin ƙarnuka, dabaru daban-daban sun fito a cikin fasahar hawa, kamar su matsayin farko na jingina yayin da doki ke tsalle (wata dabara da aka gabatar a 1902)

En 1921 aka kafa tarayyar dawakai ta duniya (FHI), amincewa da ka'idojin gasa ta duniya, Wasannin Olympic da sauran fannoni akan doki. FHI an ƙirƙira ta ne daga wakilan tarayyar ƙasa takwas: Belgium, Denmark, Faransa, Italiya, Japan, Norway, Sweden da Amurka. A halin yanzu akwai tarayya masu alaƙa da 134 zuwa FHI.

Irƙirar Spanishungiyar Dawakai ta Mutanen Espanya ta Royal Spanish

Yuni 22, 1901 aka kafa kungiyar dawakai ta Spain a Madrid jagorancin Duke na Uceda. Wannan taron ya nuna farkon abin da zai zama Federationungiyar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya ta Spanishasar Spain. Wurin da aka zaba don kafa kungiyar zai kasance a cikin ƙasar tsaunin El Pardo, na kadada 64 na fadada.

A watan Janairun 1908 bisa bukatar kungiyar, Sarki Alfonso XIII ya bashi sarauta, kiran kanta bayan haka "Spanishungiyar Hawan Dawakin Mutanen Espanya ta Madrid".

A farkon 1936, ƙungiyar ƙasar ta kafu kuma tana aiki sosai, kodayake Yakin basasa ya shafi ci gaban rayuwar ƙungiyar da ma kayan aikinta. Ya ɗauki shekaru huɗu don sake gina wuraren. Wasasar ta shafi kuma ta rage kamar yadda wasu daga cikinsu suka zama bangaren Ma'aikatar Aikin Gona. Gaskiya ne, duk da haka, Ma'aikatar da kanta tayi aiki tare da Madrid City Council the yanki na ƙasa kusa da La Zarzuela.

An ci gaba da ayyuka kuma an haɗu da theungiyar Dawakan Sifen ta andasar Spain da Countryungiyar withasar tare da sabbin dokoki, yana kiran kanta daga wannan lokacin akan Spanishasar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya ta Royal. Tun daga wannan lokacin, a cikin 1942, cewa an inganta sake gina wuraren na Spanishasar Hawan Dawakin Spain, fara lokacin daukaka hakan zai kasance har zuwa shekaru 70.

A cikin 1983, haƙƙin mallakar filayen da suke da shi akan babbar hanyar Castilla ya ɓace, sun fara neman sabbin ƙasashe. Kunnawa 1990 an sayi gona a San Sebastián de los Reyes kuma an fara aiki a waɗannan ƙasashe don gano sabbin kayan aiki.

Kulob din ya ci gaba da haɓakawa a cikin waɗannan abubuwan tun bayan buɗe shi a cikin 1997.

Ayyuka ko horo da aka aiwatar

Dokin_Arewa

Raid

Horon da ya kunshi don gwada saurin, iyawa da juriya ta jiki da ƙwaƙwalwa ta doki da mahayin. Dukansu dole ne suyi tafiya mai nisa ta kowane yanki daban-daban, a cikin tsawon yini. Dole ne mahayi ya san yadda zai auna kokarin da dokinsa ya yi. A ƙarshen tseren, ana auna bugun dabbar kuma idan sun kasance sama da abin da aka yarda, ana kawar da mahayin daga gwajin.

Aikin hawan doki

Fiye da horo, tsari ne na aikin doki da mahayi, da horarwa da nufin bunkasa kwarewar da dabba ta mallaka da kuma samun sabbin dabaru domin aiki da shanu a saura. Akwai gasa ta kasa na aikin doki wanda ya kunshi ci gaban gwaje-gwaje guda huɗu, daban-daban ko cikin ƙungiyoyi: Rigar sutura, Maɓuɓɓugar jiki, Sauri da Nisa daga saniya.

Sanya tufafi

Wannan ɗayan ɗayan horo ne na wasannin Olympics. Wannan dangane da jituwa tsakanin doki da mahayinsa, yana yin motsi daban-daban na tsananin wahala kafa a cikin shirin. Dawakai suna motsawa a gefe, kunna kansu, aiwatar da Hanya ko Piaffe, akan hanyar 20m x 60m, ƙarƙashin kulawar alƙalai. Kodayake wasu motsi na dabi'a ne ga dabbobi, suna buƙatar horo mai yawa da shiri.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Dressage horo na Olympics

Sanya tufafi

Cikakkiyar takara

Cikakken gasar shine horo wanda kungiyoyin rukunan lamuran sutura, nuna tsalle akan hanya da kuma ketarewa.

Ana yin wannan horon sama da kwanaki uku koyaushe tare da doki ɗaya, na farko yana farawa da sutura, na biyu gwaji mai nisa kuma na ƙarshe gwajin tsalle a kan waƙar.

Cowgirl Dressage

Cowgirl dressage ta kunshi yin jerin darussan da aka samo daga waɗanda aka gudanar a cikin aikin tare da shanu. Ana yin waɗannan darussan a cikin kwata-kwata.

Kashewa

Wannan horo ya fito ne daga cikakkiyar gasar hawan hawa, ban da cewa a cikin wannan yanayin ana amfani da shi karusar da aka zana ta dawakai ko ponies.

Akwai rukuni uku: bishiyoyin lemo (doki ɗaya), kututturan (dawakai biyu) da na huɗu (dawakai huɗu). Gasar bugawa ta kunshi, kamar yadda muka gani a cikin cikakkiyar hamayyar hawa, na gwaje-gwaje uku: Rige rigen zobe 40m x 100m inda aka yi wani bita, wanda aka yanke masa hukunci ta hanyar masu yanke hukunci wadanda ke kimanta sassauci, daidaito, daidaito, saduwa, tuki, haduwa da sallamawa. Gwaji na biyu shine Killer, gwajin juriya ta hanyar kwas tare da cikas na dabi'a da na wucin gadi, wanda mai nasara shine wanda ya saita mafi kyawun lokaci. Gwajin ƙarshe shine sarrafawa, inda aka shirya shingaye masu sauƙi daban-daban, kamar cones ko bukukuwa) ko yawa. A wannan yanayin, yana da daraja kada a rusa abubuwan da aka faɗa da hatimin lokaci da kowane ɗan takara yayi.

Ponies

Ayyuka tare da kwanuka suna ƙaruwa a cikin aan Spain don fewan shekaru, wannan yana nufin cewa ƙananan za su iya hawa dabbobin da suka fi dacewa. Ayyukan da ake yi tare da ponies Yana zuwa daga hawa na asali zuwa tsalle mai tsayi ko cikakken gasa.

mulki

Wannan horon wasa ne na dawakai, a cikin lamuran Monta Western, wanda mahayi da doki dole ne su yi jerin gwano wanda zai nuna kwarewar dabba.Dole ne mahayi ya ba da hankali na musamman don saurin, abin buƙata a cikin kowane motsi, wanda ƙirar ta ƙaddara. A cikin waɗannan gwaje-gwajen dokin dole ne koyaushe ya kasance mai kulawa kuma a shirye don umarnin mahayinsa. Halin kirki, santsi, farauta, saurin aiki, iko da saurin doki suna da daraja.

Matsalar tsalle

Wannan horo yana ƙoƙarin hawa doki hanyar cikas da aka yi da sanduna. Don yin wannan ladaran daidai, dole ne a wuce duk matsalolin ba tare da rusa kowane sandunan ba.

Ana gasa kwasa-kwasan matsaloli tare da sikeli iri-iri: gwajin lokaci, farauta, iko ko tare da agogon awon gudu misali. An kuma rarraba su zuwa ƙungiyoyi daban-daban dangane da maɗaukaki, tsakanin 1,10 da 1,60.

Gasar tsalle_

trec

A wannan ladabin, ikon mahayi ya yi balaguron dawakai ta cikin ƙauye.

Kwallan Dawakai

Kwallan doki shine wasa inda ƙungiyoyi biyu, na mambobi shida suka hau kan doki a kowannensu, suna fuskantar juna. Dauke da kwalli mai dauke da fata shida, dole ne su sami matsakaicin adadin kwallaye a cikin kwandunan 'yan adawa. Dole ne a yi wannan tare da sa hannun aƙalla mambobi uku na ƙungiyar kai hare-hare a kowane wasa, tara ƙwallo ba tare da sauka daga dokin ba.

Para-dawakai

Yana da Adon da ya dace, ya zama horo na nakasassu tun daga 1996. Ka'idojin gama gari daidai suke da sutura. Dole mahaya, don tantance tasirin nakasar kowane mutum, ta bin ƙa'idar bambancin ra'ayi, dole ne su aiwatar da abin da ake kira "ificationarfafa nakasa ga Wasanni". Ana yin hakan domin gasar ta kasance mai adalci kamar yadda zai yiwu.

Jefa

Horon da za a iya bayyana shi da wasan motsa jiki a kan doki mai tsalle-tsalle. Doki yana jagorantar da igiya ta hanyar direba. Wasan wasa ne mai matukar gasa da fasaha kuma ɗayan waɗanda theungiyar dawakai ta Duniya ta amince da su.

Kari kan haka, daga dukkan wadannan fannoni, Tarayyar Dawakan Mutanen Espanya ita ma tana gudanar da yawon bude ido na dawakai.

yawon shakatawa

Tarayya masu cin gashin kansu

Akwai tarayyan yanki daban-daban kamar: Theungiyar Hawan Dawakai ta Andalus ko Tarayyar Dawakin Aragon. Don haka idan kuna son fadada bayani game da yankinku, muna ba ku shawara ku tuntubi takamaiman gidan yanar gizon tarayyar 'yancin ku.

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