The horse reacts instinctively to any threat with flight, which causes fear, this being a product of a neural system that evolved to detect danger. Nowadays it is something that he has not been able to modify because it is part of the genetics that is passed on to foals, however depending on the breed show more or less fear in different situations. The horse's way of detecting fear is through sight, smell, hearing and touch.
Horses can have fear of countless situations or causes. Any situation that they do not control causes them that state of restlessness that can end in a crazy flight, since we must not forget that equines are distrustful and fearful.
For example, young horses can even be scared of their own shadow. A noise, a branch in the road, the wind itself or an obstacle that they do not control, from the rider himself if they do not know it. All this leads to a state of nerves and restlessness. You can see that they are tense, they do not do what is asked of them, they do not react and they become blocked by making their neck very rigid to the point of not being able to flex it. And of course they will not attend to our orders.
To remove these fears from the horse we must first know what kind of fear do you have to treat it. However there are some general guidelines to follow. The first of these is to earn their trust. Do not force them into unfamiliar situations and with patience and cunning, since horses are very intelligent animals, get them to trust based on good words and calming actions.
The reality is that in fearful situations we are what we have to have enough ability to take away the tension that produces fear.
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