Let's talk about Jacas, ponies and horses

Jackfruit, pony, horse

In the equine world, everyone knows that the horses are the big animals while the ponies are the little ones, now you will wonder ... And the Jacas?

It is not the first time that the terminology makes us reflect on what we are dealing with. We have already found ourselves in some other article, for example in the case of piebald or pinto horses, what several terms can refer to the same animal. With the word "jackfruit" the same thing happens again. Let's find out!

In Spain the term Jaca refers to a type of horse of small stature mainly, although the term is used for other types of equines. You just have to take a short walk through the nets to see that it is also used to name some mares or for male horses that have had their tails cut off to prevent it from getting tangled in brambles and bushes, and they are also castrated. The latter are usually workhorses in the field.

Let's go back to small horses. Jaca, actually, is the Spanish word for ponies. Pony is an Anglicism that was naturalized and was displacing the Spanish term when referring to these animals. Keep in mind that English has a lot of weight in the horse world.

Let's see a little more in depth what a "Jackfruit" is.

What are the jackfruits like? 

Wild equine species (horses, donkeys, zebras ..) they do not exceed one and a half meters in height to the cross and usually have the straight ears, the enihestas manes and their fur is striped in some area. Basically we are describing a Pony, or rather, a jackfruit right?


Horses are the domesticated animals of these wild equines, and the breeds have turned out to be taller than that meter and a half in height, the layers of their fur are more varied, the manes more beautiful and fluid.

Jacas are semi-wild or domesticated horses that largely retain the characteristics of the original wild horses, in addition to a lot of character for this same reason.

Virtually all breeds of Spanish jackfruit are black or brown with straight ears.

Perhaps it would be interesting to see an example of Raza de Jaca, let's see the Jaca Navarra.

Jackfruit Navarre

There are many denominations for this breed Navarrese native, such as: Pony Navarro, Navarrese Horse, Basque-Navarrese Horse, Caballito de Andia, Caballito de la Barranca or Caballito de las Amescoas.

As they are?

It's about animals rustic, strong, adapted to living in mountainous areas. It is a long-lived breed, with a strong temperament and of low height, around 1,26 for females and 1,34 for males.

It is of proportionate and lively appearance, with a developed belly. The very expressive headIt has a straight profile and somewhat voluminous, where small ears are erected. Has the very dilated nostrils and the upper lip has a very pronounced curve and, in some specimens, provided with a peculiar mustache.

The muscular chest, deep thorax and the shape of its ribs, make it the shape of the body resembles that of a barrel.

The limbs are thin but strong, finished in hard and compact hulls of small size.

As for its fur, la typical coat is chestnut, especially the dark one. The manes and tail are bushy and regular.

A curiosity is that it reaches its fullness between three and four years, which means that they have a late development.


Source: Wikipedia

A little of you history

The origin is full of unknowns. If it is known that the area in which they have always lived going from the Aezkoa valley to the Lana valley, and that it is not related to similar breeds in nearby geographic areas.

Before the XNUMXth century, this equine breed was very important for Navarra, however, from that century and the beginning of the XNUMXth, began to decline due to the mechanization of agriculture. In addition, the crosses with other different breeds from nearby regions have made the original Jaca Navarra in danger.

Today it is found in small towns in the Urbasa and Andia mountain ranges, as well as in Goizueta or Izalzu. Since 1982 in the Sabaiza farm a conservation and reference nucleus of Jaca Navarra was created, whose antecedents come from a small herd created in 1939 to see that the Jaca specimens were in decline.

In Sabaiza, jackfruits live in the mountains, mountains and meadows, receiving only some feed or forage in winter. The animals are only collected to apply some sanitary means, so they have a very great freedom, they are not domesticated animals.

La current population of Jaca Navarra is around 350 copies, of which 20 are males and 330 females. The race is Danger of extinction.

To solve this situation a "recovery and conservation plan" is being carried out where a small group of breeders of the breed collaborate. Some examples of the actions carried out are: carrying out a search for specimens, preparing a registry, genetic studies and supplying the breeders with pure stallions of the breed so that future generations can move towards the maintenance of the original breed.

I hope you enjoyed reading this article as much as I did writing it.

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