Horse riding is a sporting activity where the rider works many physical areas. It helps tone muscles, maintain good posture, and is also a good cardiovascular exercise. In addition, of course, to the mental benefits it brings, such as clearing the mind.
It is an activity where the balance between horse and rider must be perfect. There is a great variety of sports modalities within horse riding, each with its peculiarities in terms of physical preparation, rider and horse training, equipment, etc. And therefore hThere are some more frequent injuries in one or another discipline, but in general the same type of injuries derive from this sport regardless of the modality that is practiced.
In horsemanship both the rider and the horse can be injured, however today let's focus on rider injuries and how to prevent them Are you ready?
It can be believed, especially those occasional riders, that the practice of this sport does not require great physical demands on their part. This is a fairly common mistake that can lead to muscle and tendon injuries due to overexertion, injuries and / or fractures due to falls due to lack of knowledge of horse riding technique.
That is why we want to emphasize that Riding, especially improperly and without the necessary equipment, can lead to very serious injuries such as head trauma, vertebral fractures, spinal cord injuries or another type of injury that can leave sequelae. So we are going to know what the risks of riding a horse are and, most importantly, how to avoid them or reduce the damage.
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It is necessary to prepare the horse before performing any type of horse riding, during this process we may suffer some injuries from different causes such as scratches with the environment, bites or trampling by the horse. And of course, the known ones kicks.
Throughout the equine preparation process, we must be attentive to the animal's reactions to avoid all these injuries that can be a consequence of the animal becoming frightened and moving, injuring us.
Injuries due to unsuitable equipment
All sports have equipment necessary not only as a distinction of said sport but they are designed to help us carry out a proper and safe practice of it. In horse riding you will need: boots, riding pants, gloves, helmet and protective vests. On some occasions it is also advisable to wear glasses in activities carried out in the open field.
Not using the right equine can cause: wounds to the hands, injuries or erosions on the calves, irritations on the legs and buttocks, shock trauma on the head, etc.
Horse fall injuries
One of the most common causes that lead to injuries in riders is the fall of the horse. The most common injuries in these cases are broken bones such as the ribs, clavicle or vertebrae.
On many occasions there are also fractures in the bones of the hands or dislocations in the humerus when trying to hold on to the reins during the fall. This reflex action occurs both to try not to fall and so that the animal does not escape. There is some controversy between whether the act of holding the reins is good or not, since it can cause injuries to the hands and spine, but on the other hand, it slows down the speed of the fall and usually avoids blows to the head since in many Sometimes it makes us fall to our feet.
It is inevitable to fall off the horse at some point or other, however what if we can prevent the injuries that the fall can cause by wearing suitable equipment, where the helmet is essential.
Muscular decompensation injuries
When riding a horse, a large number of muscles are toned, such as the abdominals, the buttocks or the back. However, in professional or regular riders, certain ailments derived from horseback riding, especially in the lower back.
Keep in mind that when practicing horseback riding, Some muscles develop a lot, while the opposing muscles are not worked and therefore do not develop. And this makes the muscles become unbalanced leading to ailments and problems chronic back and / or joint blockages in the spine.
To reduce the risk of appearing these injuries, it is necessary to work the muscles to increase your mass How? performing certain exercises that increase the percentage of muscle mass in our back to prevent horseback riding from affecting our spine. This is not something isolated from horse riding, but it occurs in many sports, therefore a complete body training is essential for athletes.
Let's take an example to make it clear. Horseback riding works hard on the biceps, wrist and finger flexors, traps, and erector spines. Therefore, exercises that work the triceps, the wrist and finger extensors, the pectorals and the abdominals should be performed in parallel. In this way we would avoid decompensation injuries in those areas of our body.
Other common injuries
This part of our legs is one of the ones that can suffer the most from the practice of horseback riding, because the position in plie together with carrying them close to the body of the animal, causes the ligaments to suffer.
The adductors of the thighs due to its use to hold and handle the horse, they can suffer a lot and cause fibrillar ruptures.
The calf muscles and the achilles tendon, depending on how the stirrup is used, can be injured.
Due to the opening of legs necessary for horseback riding and depending on the knocking that the rider suffers, it can go as far as dislocating the hips on certain occasions.
Even with everything, do not panic, with good preparation and with prudence, you can ride a horse safely and healthily. And of course, in case of back problems it is advisable to consult a doctor before riding.
I hope you are enjoying reading this article as much as I am writing it.