The one known as the "Yeguada Militar" begins in Spain after the social and economic changes produced by the War of Independence. A political period began that would end the Old Regime, leading to the almost disappearance of the large stud farms that was in the country. This posed a supply problem for the army.
Do you want to know what happened?
Faced with this situation, in 1864, the government of Isabel II, issued a Royal Decree by which the reorganization of horse breeding was delegated to the Cavalry Weapon of the Spanish state.
One of the first steps they took was the creation of stud deposits. Later, in 1893, created a stud farm that would collect the characteristics and main objectives to solve the lack of horses for the army. At the same time they worked for improve existing breeds. The first headquarters of this cavalry would be Córdoba.
Table of Contents
- 1 Horse Breeding Centers and Units in Spain
Horse Breeding Centers and Units in Spain
In Spain we can find six FAS horse breeding centers, as well as an applied research laboratory in Córdoba.
Let's talk a bit about these centers:
Military Horse Breeding Center of Ávila
Initially this center was created under the name of «6th Stallion Horse Depot» by the Royal Order of March 22, 1905, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares.
A couple of decades later, a prominent section was added in Trujillo (Cáceres) and the name was changed to «Deposit of Stallions of the First Livestock Zone».
In 1931, these horse breeding services became part of the Ministry of Development, leaving the Ministry of War. However, it would not take long to return to depend on the Ministry of War. Since then continued to be called by different successive names. It was finally located in Ávila settling in the El Padrillo farm.
Écija Horse Breeding Military Center
The history of this center It can be traced back to 1946, when the Mares de Tiro del Norte section was created in Pau (Gerona) and that it was dependent on Córdoba. For this, thirteen ardennes mares and thirteen who had been crossed with Bretons.
Breeding draft horses it was essential to become independent from foreign imports, in addition to having a cattle production for heavy work.
These mares were they would gradually incorporate Bretonn and postier-Breton, that began to be covered with stallions reaching the conclusion that these races were the best adapted to the Spanish climate.
In 1990 the horse breeding was restructured, moving the Draft Horses section to Écija.
En 2007 The Écija Horse Breeding Military Center is created, bringing together the Écija Stallion Depot and the Écija Military Stud. The center is assigned the missions of keeping the stallions in perfect condition, periodically carrying out fertility and fertility tests, proposing the deployment of State Parades, attending to the needs of breeders and the City Council, and proposing the transfer of stallions to private farmers who meet certain requirements, during the coverage period.
Jeréz Horse Breeding Military Center
This center was created in 2006 with the integration of the Yeguada Militar and the Depósito de Sementales de Jeréz. Likewise, all the cattle and the material resources of both would become part of the new Military Center of Cría Caballar de Jeréz de la Frontera.
The Jeréz Military Stud was established in 1893 with the aim of raising foals that would improve the characteristics and conditions of the Saddle Horses for the Army Remonto. In addition, they also wanted to do the same with the racing and shooting varieties. The stud farm was initially installed in the Dehesa de Moratalla in Hornachuelos (Córdoba).
During the Regency of María Cristina, we commented at the beginning of the article that the Stallion Deposits, one of them was assigned to Jerez in 1841.
Lore-Toki Military Stud
The support from the military administration for the breeding of the English Thoroughbred horse in Spain was very brief at the beginning, including only five mares of this breed in the military stud of Córdoba towards the end of the XNUMXth century. The King Alfonso XIII had a great fondness for both English Thoroughbreds and horse racing. Therefore in 1921, the English Thoroughbred Section was founded in Marquina (Guipúzcoa), rented to the Count of Urquijo. With the arrival of the Republic in 1931, horse racing suffered a recess and this new section would be transferred to the Cordovan Military Stud.
In 1940, General Franco donated a stallion and a batch of Thoroughbred English mares to this stud, which had been a gift from a French Subject. This fact, made The section of this breed was reorganized, transferring the animals of the same to Lasarte in 1941, to occupy the Lore-Toki farm, where the now non-existent stud farm of Alfonso XIII had been.
The State acquired this farm from the heirs of Alfonso XIII in addition to the neighboring ones of Ollo and Amassorrain, unifying all the land for the stud farm as Lore-Toki.
While all of the above was happening, the Racing block of the Yeguada Militar, based in Madrid.
Currently the Lore-Toki Military Stud and the racing stable dependent on it, continue their work promoting the breeding of Thoroughbred English in the facilities of San Sebastián and Lasarte. Also in 2008 Anglo Arab horse breeding was incorporated.
Caballar de Mazcuerras Military Breeding Center (Cantabria)
It was Created in 2006 through the integration of the Lore-Toki Military Stud, the Ibio Military Stud and the Santander Stallion Depot. However, the Lore-Toki Military Stud would become an independent center and that is why we have talked about it before.
The Santander Stallion Deposit was created in 1920 as a result of the implementation of reforms in the Cría Caballar plan in 1919.
Yeguada Ibio was created in 1972 with the purchase by the State of the farm called "Casa de la Guerra" in Mazcuerras (Cantabria). This farm grew from 30 Ha. To 85 Ha.
Currently in Mazcuerras, there is a horse breeding center with Stallions of those Spanish breeds with characteristics for Sport, Purebred Spanish, Anglo-Arab, Hispano-Arab, Purebred Arab, Breton and Hispano-Breton. The foals are bred until they go back to the Royal Guard, the different Military Centers for Horse Breeding, the Civil Guard and the National Police.
Caballar de Zaragoza Military Breeding Center
This center belongs to the Autonomous Body of the Ministry of Defense "Horse Breeding of the Armed Forces". It was located in the Torre de Abejar rural estate in Garrapinillos.
The farm in addition to the functions related to the breeding of equines, It has grazing areas for Catalan mares and donkeys.
Initially, it was Deposit number 5 of Stallions, having different names until the current one it received in 2007. As in the previous cases, Stallion and Mare Depots were merged.
I hope you enjoyed reading this article as much as I did writing it.