The harmony between a rider and his horse through difficult movements following an established program called recovery is what is called dressage, a Olympic discipline consisting of different steps.
The variety of movements are completely natural for the horse but they require a lot of training to get to complement together with the rider. Horses move laterally, turn on themselves, change feet at a gallop, and execute gaits that are very difficult as well as beautiful.
Dressage has its main common denominator in the rhythm. By nature, they move with rhythm, so that we do not usually see irregular horses in the meadow or in the wild, unless they are injured or sick. The horse has a rhythm in each air of four beats at a walk, two, plus a suspension time, trotting, and three beats plus a galloping suspension time.
One of the steps is the call gathered step, the horse remains in the hand together with a forward march, with the neck raised, clearly showing that it supports itself and in perfect harmony, in this step the head should approach the vertical, which is maintaining a contact light with the mouth. It is a slow pace.
In the medium step he has to march with more energy, but calmly and with equal steps, without losing his rhythm, in this step the rear hooves tread in front of the previous footprints. The rider maintains light and close contact.
The aim of the long step as much ground as possible is covered, but without rushing and without losing the regularity of the footsteps in the movement, the rear hooves surpass the mark of the previous ones, here the rider can allow the horse to extend his neck and advance his head, but without losing contact with the mouth.
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