When we talk about the best equine breeds, undoubtedly Arabic is usually among the favorites of horse connoisseurs. Therefore it is not surprising that a race that arises from the crossing of the Arab with some mares that stood out for the cavalry for his great resistance, tenacity and courage, is considered by many the best breed of horses in the world.
We are talking about the breed of equines with the Arabic name "Shagya", due to the name of the stallion that gave rise to this breed.
Do you want to know a little more about this breed?
In the XIX century, They wanted to achieve a breed of Arabian horse that was good for military arts, field work in the Magyar territory and also for hitching.
Already in the previous century, the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy began with the selection of equines with the aim of achieving resistant, fast mounts and courage for the cavalry of its army. In this search two factors were important: on the one hand the Bedouin stallion Shagya and on the other hand, the ancient black races of Hungary and Transylvania descendants of the Tarpan, who enjoyed fame for their bravery, endurance and speed.
In addition to Shagya, the base of this new race that was in process, they established Arabian stallions and mares imported from the East to Hungary. These equines they were crossed with mares of the Transylvanian breed they had been selected for their good dressage skills, endurance, courage and tenacity, all important characteristics for cavalry horses.
The crossing took place in a stud farm founded in 1789 by Major Joseph Csekonics, called Bábolna. This stud farm was located near the border between Austria and Slovakia and belonged to the Royal and Imperial Hugría.
Let's talk a little more about Shagya, considered the most important stallion for the foundation of this breed. It was a Bedouin stallion with a height of 160 cm, which was brought to Hugria from Syria in 1836 due to its good breeding skills and characteristics. It was certainly a suitable selection, since Upon seeing the promising results of his offspring, it was decided that the new breed would bear the name of this stallion. It is true that the name of the Arab Shagya breed would not be recognized by the World Arabian Horse Organization until the late XNUMXs.
In this way, the best native mares were crossed with Arabian stallions, creating more solid and taller horses than the Arabs and that also possessed the good qualities of the latter.
The Shagya They soon became the favorite horses of the officers of cavalry and gain fame in the equine world thanks to his good skills for riding.
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The breed today
At present, the Shagya race they are bred in various stud farms, with more numerous their specimens in Germany, where in 1970 some breeders were encouraged to introduce this breed into the world of equestrian with great success. Its breeding in Europe and America has been spreading over the years, gaining followers and admirers. In Spain a few breeders They have also ventured with the breeding of this breed and although there are few specimens, it can be seen in our country.
Shagya breed characteristics
They are equines with a very docile and noble, with excellent aptitudes for high competition and as a recreational horse. It is also, an intelligent animal who quickly and easily learns the instructions of the educator.
With a height at the withers between 150 cm and 155 cm, they have a muscular rump, strong limbs and robustness, which show a cross with warm-blooded equines. Plus, has inherited the aesthetic beauty of its Arab ancestors, with a noble bearing and fluid movements. Aesthetically it is a classic Arabian equine but with a larger wingspan.
The predominant coat is gray, although any of the characteristic colors of Arabian horses can be seen.
It is, therefore, a very versatile equine, which adapts perfectly to all equestrian activities, from light shooting to high competition.
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We recommend you read Appaloosa horses and their distinctive spotted coat to learn more about the history of this breed.
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You can learn more about this and other American breeds here: Main breeds of American horses
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If you want to know more about them, don't miss: Trakehner horses, characteristics of the most elegant breed
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You will find a complete article about these great equines here: Percheron horse